Amaqoqo ezinkanyezi esibhakabhakeni

izinkanyezi esibhakabhakeni

Izinkanyezi ezisesibhakabhakeni ebusuku zihlelwe ngendlela engahleliwe. Amanye abukeka emakhulu kanti amanye abukeka emancane ngezizathu ezahlukahlukene. Enye ubukhulu benkanyezi uqobo kanti enye ibanga eliphakathi kwaleyo nkanyezi neplanethi yethu. Okucatshangwayo ukuthi kunemigqa yokucabanga ejoyina izinkanyezi kanye nale esiyibiza izinkanyezi. Imilaza inencazelo futhi ibilusizo emlandweni. Lapha sizokutshela kabanzi ngemilaza bese usho eminye ebaluleke kakhulu.

Ngabe ufuna ukukhulisa ulwazi lwakho ngesayensi yezinkanyezi futhi wazi okuningi ngemilaza? Lapha siyakutshela.

Amaqoqo ezinkanyezi esibhakabhakeni ebusuku

izinkanyezi esibhakabhakeni

Izinkanyezi azilutho nje njengeqembu lezinkanyezi, ifomu lokucabanga ngokuphelele, bathatha amafomu ezinyunyaneni zolayini Kunjengokungathi sihlanganisa amachashazi ukuwubumba. Amagama alezi zinkanyezi avela ezintweni zasenganekwaneni, ezilwaneni, kubantu abenze umsebenzi omkhulu wesintu noma izinto ezibalulekile.

Zibizwa ngamagama amagama afanele ngokwesiko avela esiLatini, esiGrekini nase-Arabhu. Leli gama livame ukuba nezinhlamvu ezincane zesiGreki eziqala ngo-alpha nakuzo zonke ezinye izinhlamvu ngokulandelana. Ngale ndlela, uyinikeza ukuhleleka kokutholwa ngokufunda igama. Ngemuva kohlamvu lwezinhlamvu zesiGreki, sithola isifinyezo segama lomlaza.

Uma siziqedela izinhlamvu zesiGreki ekusetshenzisweni kwezinkanyezi, sisebenzisa izinhlamvu zesiLatini. Lolu hlobo lwegama lesibizo yaziwa ngokuthi yiBayer. Izinkanyezi ezincane kakhulu zakhiwa igama elilandelwa isifinyezo esaziwa ngeFlamsteed. Njengoba kunamagama amaningi, inkanyezi ingaba namagama ahlukile emhlabeni jikelele.

Hhayi nje kuphela ukuthi singathola izinkanyezi ezifanayo ezinamagama ahlukene, kepha amaqembu ezinkanyezi akha izinkanyezi nawo abizwa ngokuhlukile.

Utility

ukwakheka kwenkanyezi

Ezikhathini zasendulo, izinkanyezi kwakungu Umbuso omkhulu wokufunda ukuhamba ebusuku. Ngaphandle kokuzulazula kwe-GPS noma ama-radar kwanoma yiluphi uhlobo, ukuzulazula olwandle bekulawulwa ezinye izinhlobo "zobuchwepheshe." Kulokhu, izinkanyezi zisebenza njengereferensi ekhombisa ukuma lapho zazikhona.

Baphinde basebenza ukuthi bakwazi ukuphendula ngokudlula kweziteshi. Ngaphandle kwesimo sezulu, iziteshi azichazwa kahle. Ngalesi sizathu, ngokuhamba kwezinkanyezi bekungakwazi ukufaka isikhundla isikhundla uMhlaba ayenaso maqondana neLanga Uhlelo lomkhathi futhi wazi ukuthi babeyiphi inkathi yonyaka.

Njengamanje, ukusetshenziswa kuphela kwemilaza kungukuthi ukuze ngekhanda kalula isikhundla sezinkanyezi. Kumele sikhumbule ukuthi singabona izigidi zezinkanyezi esibhakabhakeni nokuthi, njengoba imizuzu namahora kuhamba, ziyahamba ngenxa yokuhamba kokujikeleza komhlaba.

Sekukonke sithola ukuqoqwa kwezinkanyezi okungama-88 emkhakheni wethu wasezulwini. Ngamunye wabo uthatha isibalo esehlukile esinegama, kungaba lenkolo noma inganekwane. Imidwebo emidala yamaqoqo ezinkanyezi kuthiwa yangaphambi kuka-4.000 BC. Ngaleso sikhathi, abaseSumeriya banikeza amagama izinkanyezi ezibalulekile njenge-Aquarius, behlonipha unkulunkulu wabo.

Amaqoqo ezinkanyezi namuhla

ukubona izinkanyezi

Amaqoqo ezinkanyezi "asetshenziswayo" namuhla enyakatho Nenkabazwe awahlukile kakhulu kunalawo ayebonwa ngabaseGibhithe lasendulo. Amanye amaqoqo ezinkanyezi abalulekile kwakunguHomer noHesiod. UPtolemy wayeyisazi sezibalo nesazi sezinkanyezi futhi wakwazi ukubona izinkanyezi ezingama-48 esinazo namuhla. Kulezo zinkanyezi ezingama-48 azithola, ezingama-47 zazo zisenegama elifanayo.

Phakathi kwezinto ezibaluleke kakhulu futhi ezaziwayo kukhona lezo ezisendizeni yomjikelezo woMhlaba. Ziyizinkanyezi zezinkanyezi. Zihlobene nezimpawu zezinkanyezi zomuntu ngamunye. Lokhu kuhlobene nenyanga yokuzalwa komunye nomunye unyaka wonke.

Kukhona nezinye ezaziwa kangcono njengeBig Dipper ezingabonakala kusuka enyakatho Nenkabazwe naseHydra. Lesi sakamuva singesinye sezinkanyezi ezinkulu kunazo zonke ezikhona egumbini lethu lasezulwini. Ukuqoqwa kwezinkanyezi ezingama-68 ezingabonakala ngeso lenyama. Okuphambene nalokho yiCroz del Sur, eyi-constellation enosayizi omncane kakhulu okhona.

Amanye amaqoqo ezinkanyezi abaluleke kakhulu

Izinkanyezi ziyahlukahluka ngokubaluleka kuye ngenkabazwe lapho sikhona. Isibonelo, eningizimu yezwe, iBig Dipper ingenye yezinkanyezi ezibaluleke kakhulu. Noma kunjalo, hhayi eningizimu yezwe. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi ayibonakali lapho, ngakho-ke ayikwazi ukuhambisana. Masingakhohlwa ukuthi akuwona wonke amaqoqo ezinkanyezi angabonwa kusuka endaweni ethile eMhlabeni, kepha kuya kakhulu lapho sikhona. Kwenzeka okufanayo naku i-polar aurora.

Lapha sizokukhombisa ezinye zezinkanyezi ezidume kakhulu futhi ezibonakala kalula.

IBhele Elikhulu IBhele Elikhulu

Ingenye yezinto ezibaluleke kakhulu futhi ezaziwayo. Ikhonza ukumaka inyakatho. Amatilosi asendulo ayisebenzisa ukumaka inkambo ebheke emazweni angaziwa.

IBhele elincane

IBhele elincane

Ngenye inkanyezi engabonwa kuphela enyakatho yezwe. Kodwa-ke, kwakubaluleke kakhulu ezikhathini zasendulo kumatilosi ngoba kwakwaziwa isikhathi sonyaka nesikhathi ngaphandle kokusebenzisa noma yiluphi uhlobo lwekhalenda.

Orion

i-orion

Ingenye yezidume kakhulu futhi ethathwa njengesihle kunazo zonke ezulwini. Kuyaziwa nangegama lomzingeli. Imele amasiko athile futhi kungcwele ukuthi abaseGibhithe bahambe nabo ngesikhathi sokuhamba kobusuku-

ICassiopeia

ICassiopeia

Ngenye yezinto ezilula ukuzibona esibhakabhakeni ngesimo sayo se-M noma se-W. Isetshenziselwa ukukhomba ezinye izinkanyezi lapho kufundwa kulo mhlaba.

Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi ngezinkanyezi nokubaluleka kwazo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-2, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Jose kusho

    I-portillo yaseJalimane
    Siyabonga ngokwabelana
    Amaqoqo akho ezinkanyezi.

  2.   IsiJalimane Portillo kusho

    Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokuphawula kwakho Jose!

    Un saludo!