Ulwandle lweAdriatic

ulwandle lwasecroatia

Ngaphakathi ulwandle lasemediterranean kukho iindawo ezincinci zolu lwandle oluqhubeka phakathi konxweme lokujikeleza. Elinye lala malungu yi Ulwandle lweAdriatic. Le yinxalenye ephuma peninsula yase-Itali kunye nonxweme olusentshona peninsula yaseBalkan. Inobude obumalunga neekhilomitha ezingama-800 kunye nobubanzi obukhulu beekhilomitha ezingama-200. Lulwandle olunomdla omkhulu kwezorhwebo nakwezokhenketho.

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela ngazo zonke iimpawu, ukubunjwa nokubaluleka koLwandle lwaseAdriatic.

Iimpawu eziphambili

adriatic yolwandle

Inxalenye yoLwandle lweMeditera oluqala ukusuka kwiGulf yaseVenice emantla-ntshona ukuya kwi-Strait yase-Otranto kumazantsi mpuma. Indawo iyonke yoLwandle iAdriatic imalunga ne-160.000 leekhilomitha kwaye ubunzulu bayo obuphakathi ziimitha ezingama-44 kuphela. Olunye lolwandle olunzulu kakhulu kuwo wonke umhlaba. Inxalenye enobunzulu obukhulu iphakathi kweGargano kunye neDurres kwaye ifikelela kubunzulu kamva kwi-900 yeemitha.

Nangona ayisiyi-bar ebanzi kakhulu, ihlamba amanxweme amazwe e-6. La mazwe ngala alandelayo: i-Itali, iSlovenia, iCroatia, iBosnia-Herzegovina, iMontenegro neAlbania. Igama loLwandle iAdriatic livela kwikoloni yase-Etruscan yaseHadria. Le koloni yayimi kunxweme lwase-Italiya kwaye yiyo loo nto amaRoma ayibiza ngokuba yi Mare Mareriaticum.

Phakathi komoya oxhaphakileyo esiwufumanayo kolu lwandle ubukhulu becala kwingingqi kwaye ibizwa ngegama le-bora. Ibetha ngamandla kwicala lasempuma, lo gama omnye umoya ogqubayo ubizwa ngokuba yi-sirocco. Lo moya ubuthathaka kancinci uvela kwicala elisempuma-mpuma. Yomibini le mimoya iyatshintsha unyaka wonke ngokuxhomekeke kwixesha ekulo.

Njengolwandle olunzulu, lolunye lolwandle olubalaseleyo kuwo wonke uLwandle lweMeditera. Kwaye kukho umahluko ophawulekayo phakathi konxweme lwayo. Kwelinye icala, sinonxweme lwase-Italiya olume ngokuthe ngqo kwaye luqhubekile kwaye alunaziqithi. Kwelinye icala, sinonxweme lweBalkan, ngakumbi olwandiswe ngonxweme lwaseCroatia, luxinene kwaye lunamachaphaza aneziqithi ezinobukhulu obahlukeneyo. Phantse zonke iziqithi zinemilo emide kwaye zilungiswe ngokuhambelana nonxweme olukhulu lwembombo.

Ulwandle iAdriatic kunye nonxweme lwase-Itali

Ulwandle lweAdriatic

Siyazi ukuba uLwandle lweAdriatic kwicala lase-Italiya ludlula kwi-1.250 yeekhilomitha zonxweme. Iqala kwizibuko laseTrieste emantla ukuya kwiKapa lase-Otranto. Ibizwa ngokuba isithende sebhutsi peninsula yase-Italiya.

Eyona nto iphambili Iingozi zejografi Esifumana kolu lwandle zezi zilandelayo: IGulf of Trieste, i-Po delta kunye ne-Gulf kunye ne-Venetian lagoon, bonke bephela emantla. Ukuya emazantsi sifumana i-Gárgano kunye ne-Puglia peninsulas kunye neGolgo de Manfredonia.

Njengoko besitshilo ekuqaleni kwenqaku, lulwandle olubaluleke kakhulu kuqoqosho. Kwaye kunamazibuko ambalwa aphambili anomdla omkhulu kwezoqoqosho. Ezi zibuko, ukusuka emantla ukuya emazantsi: iTrieste, iVenice, iRavenna, iRimini, iAncona, iBari kunye neBrindisi.

Ulwandle iAdriatic kunye nonxweme lweBalkan

iindawo ezihlanjwe lulwandle olunemvula

Makhe sihlalutye elinye icandelo loLwandle iAdriatic. Eli candelo lolwandle lisikiwe ngakumbi kwaye lineziqithi ezininzi. Ke, Unxweme lweBalkan Adriatic lunobude beekhilomitha ezingama-2.000 XNUMX. Obu bude buqala kwizibuko laseSlovenia laseKoper ukuya kwi-Strait yase-Otranto.

Ekupheleni kwenxalenye esemantla usingasiqithi weIstrian. Ukusuka kule usingasiqithi iqala ekuthiwa-Dalmatia kunxweme, ibekwe eCroatia. Into enomdla malunga nonxweme olusempuma zimalunga neziqithi ezili-1.200 ezinobukhulu obahlukeneyo ngendlela echokoziweyo ebhekisa kumanqaku eDalmatia. Ezona ziqithi zibalulekileyo ngokobungakanani ziiCres, Krk, Pag, Hvar, Brač neKorčula, phakathi kwezinye ezininzi. Emazantsi eDalmatia yiBay yeKotor.

Amazibuko aphambili orhwebo akummandla weBalkan kuLwandle iAdriatic, ukusuka emantla ukuya emazantsi: iRijeka, iSplit kunye neDubrovnik (eCroatia), iKotor (Montenegro) neDurres (Albania).

Qoqosho

Olu lwandle, nangona lincinci, lubaluleke kakhulu kuqoqosho kwimisebenzi eyahlukeneyo yoluntu. Siza kubona ukuba yeyiphi imithombo yezoqoqosho enikwa luLwandle iAdriatic kuzo zonke izixeko ezingqongileyo.

Uvimba wendalo

Nazi iidipozithi zangaphantsi kwamanzi zokuwa kwegesi kwafunyanwa malunga nesiqingatha senkulungwane eyadlulayo. Nangona bafunyanwa ngaphambili, baqala ukuxhatshazwa kwi-90s. Kunxweme lwase-Emilia-Romagna kukho malunga neeplatifomu zokukhupha igesi. Le gesi isetyenziselwa ukuhambisa umbane kwiidolophu ezikufutshane.

Ngasemantla, kwiPo Basin, sifumana iidipozithi ezibalulekileyo zeoyile. Uninzi lwezi dipozithi lisekwisigaba sokuhlola njengoko kusandula ukufunyanwa.

Pesca

Ngomnye wemisebenzi ebalulekileyo yezoqoqosho eyenzeka kuLwandle iAdriatic. Ngowona msebenzi uphambili wezoqoqosho kulo mmandla kwimbali yonke. Nangona kunjalo, okwangoku, ngenxa yomntu, kukho ingxaki enkulu yokuloba ngokugqithileyo. Ukubambisa okuphezulu kuhambelana nommandla wase-Itali. Kulapha ukuba malunga nama-60.000 abantu banemisebenzi yokuloba, imele ama-40% eemveliso zizonke ezokuloba zelizwe.

Turismo

Okokugqibela, umsebenzi woqoqosho onika izibonelelo kwiindawo ezingqongileyo kukhenketho. Amazwe anomda woLwandle iAdriatic abalulekile kwiindawo zabakhenkethi. Iindawo eziphambili zezi zilandelayo: ingingqi yeVeneto kunye nonxweme lweEmilia-Romagna, zombini e-Itali, kunye naseDalmatia Coast eCroatia. Nangona ayisiyiyo eyona iphambili, ukhenketho ngumthombo wengeniso kumazwe amanxweme aseBalkan. Ngokukodwa kukuthanda iCroatia neMontenegro. Uninzi lwemveliso yangaphakathi yala mazwe yinxalenye yomsebenzi wokhenketho.

Ndiyathemba ukuba olu lwazi ungafunda ngakumbi malunga nolwandle iAdriatic kunye neempawu zalo.


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