Lithaba tsa Switzerland

lithaba tsa lehloa Switzerland

E 'ngoe ea sistimi e tsebahalang haholo ea lithaba lefatšeng, e Europe, ke Lithaba tsa Switzerland. E nkoa e le sebaka se selelele ka ho fetisisa lithabeng ho pholletsa le Europe 'me e namela linaheng tse 8. E feta Austria, Fora, Jeremane, Monaco, Switzerland, Slovenia, Italy le Liechtenstein. Lithaba tsena li nka sebaka sa bohlokoa ho jeokrafi ea linaha tsena, 'me litso tse ngata li simolohile thabeng ena.

Ka hona, re tla nehela sengoloa sena ho u joetsa litšobotsi tsohle, semelo le jioloji ea Lithaba tsa Switzerland.

Litšobotsi tse ka sehloohong

Lithaba tsa Switzerland

Naga e e dithaba e na le bontle jo bo gakgamatsang e bile e tlhotlheleditse ngwao ya dinaga di le dintsi. Libaka tsena li hlaha lithabeng le litoropong tse ngata tikolohong eo mme e se e le sebaka se tummeng sa bahahlauli. Libaka tsena li etsa ho sesa, ho hloa lithaba le ho hloa lithaba, le ho amohela bahahlauli ba fetang limilione tse 100 selemo se seng le se seng.

Ea pele e sebakeng sa naha ka selikalikoe sa lik'hilomithara tse fetang 800 boroa-bochabela ho Europe. E tloha sebakeng sa Mediterranean ho ea sebakeng sa Adriatic. E nkuoa e le khubu ea lits'ebetso tse ling tsa lithaba joalo ka Carpathians le Apennines. Har'a lithaba tsohle tsa eona, re ka fumana Matterhorn, Monte Rosa Massif le Dom. Mont Blanc ke tlhoro ea eona e phahameng ka ho fetisisa, mme Matterhorn mohlomong ke eona e tsebahalang haholo ka sebopeho sa eona. Litšobotsi tsena kaofela li etsa hore Lithaba tsa Switzerland li nkoe e le e 'ngoe ea litsamaiso tsa lithaba tse tummeng lefatšeng.

Tšimoloho ea lentsoe Alps hona joale e hlakile. E ka tsoa ho Celtic, e bolelang hore e tšoeu kapa e telele. Lentsoe lena le tsoa ka kotloloho ho Latin Alps, le feta ka Sefora. Ho tloha Paleolithic ea morao ho fihlela joale, sebaka sohle sa Alps e bile sebaka seo merabe e mengata e ileng ea lula ho sona. Selekaneng u ka bona kamoo Bokreste bo hatetseng pele kateng Europe le matlo a baitlami a 'maloa a thehiloe thabeng. Tse ling tsa tsona li hahiloe mobung o phahameng 'me metse e ka mela haufi le tsona.

Nalane e re bolella hore ho kena libakeng le libaka tse ling tsa bolumeli, Lithaba tsa Alps tsa Switzerland li ne li nkoa e le tšitiso e ke keng ea hlōloa. Ka lebaka la libaka tse ngata tsa leholimo le libaka tse makatsang, le tsona li nkuoa e le libaka tse kotsi. Hamorao lekholong la boXNUMX la lilemo, mahlale a morao-rao a ne a ka lumella lipatlisiso le lipatlisiso.

Geology ea Lithaba tsa Switzerland

Alps

Sisteme eohle ea lithaba tsa Alps e bolelele ba lik'hilomithara tse fetang 1.200 3.500 mme e fumaneha kontinenteng ea Europe ka botlalo. Litlhōrō tse ling li ka holimo ho limithara tse 1.200 XNUMX ka holim'a bophahamo ba leoatle 'me ho na le leqhoa le fetang XNUMX XNUMX. Boemo ba lehloa bo ka ba limithara tse 2400, ka hona ho na le libaka tse ngata tsa bohahlauli ba lehloa. Litlhōrō li koahetsoe ke lehloa ka ho sa feleng, li etsa leqhoa le leholo, 'me bophahamo bo lula bo le kaholimo ho limithara tse 3.500 XNUMX. Leqhoa le leholo ka ho fetisisa le tsejoa ka lebitso la Aletsch.

E nkuoa e le khubu ea litsamaiso tse ling tsa lithaba, joalo ka pre-Alpine moo thaba ea Jura e leng teng. Likarolo tse ling tsa lithaba li namela Hungary, Serbia, Albania, Croatia, Bosnia le Herzegovina le likarolo tsa Montenegro.

Ho ea ka pono ea jioloji, re ka arola mokoloko ona oa lithaba ka karolo e bohareng, karolo e ka bophirima le karolo e ka bochabela. Karolong e 'ngoe le e' ngoe ea likarolo tsena kapa likaroloana tsa lithaba. Ka geoloji, re ka boela ra khetholla Lithaba tse ka Boroa tsa Switzerland, tse arohaneng le libaka tse ling ke liphula tsa Valtelina, Pusteria le Gailtal. Ka boroa-bophirima ho na le Lithaba tsa Maritime haufi le Leoatle la Mediterranean, e leng moeli oa tlhaho lipakeng tsa Fora le Italy. Haele hantle, Hoa tsebahala hore Mont Blanc e pakeng tsa Fora le Italy ebile e na le leqhoa le lelelele ka ho fetisisa Fora. Karolo e ka bophirimela ea thaba ena e namela le boroa-bophirimela ho Switzerland.

Tse ling tsa linoka tse kholo k'honthinenteng ea Europe, joalo ka Rhone, Rhine, Hainaut le Delaware, li tsoa kapa li phalla ka har'a Alps ebe li tšela Leoatleng le Letšo, Mediterranean le Leoatle la Leboea.

Tšimoloho le sebopeho sa Lithaba tsa Switzerland

mokoloko oa lithaba tsa Europe

Ka lebaka la boholo ba mokoloko, sebopeho sa ona ke karolo ea tatellano e rarahaneng ea liketsahalo tsa jioloji. Litsebi tsa jioloji li lumela hore ho tla nka lilemo tse ka bang 100 ho utloisisa botebo ba liketsahalo tsohle tsa jioloji tse lebisang Lithabeng tsa Switzerland. Haeba re e khutlisetsa tšimolohong ea eona, re ka bona hore ea pele e thehiloe ka lebaka la ho thulana lipakeng tsa poleiti ea Eurasia le poleiti ea Afrika. Lipoleiti tsena tse peli tsa tectonic li bakile ho hloka botsitso sebakeng le bophahamong. Ts'ebetso e nka tse peli kapa ho feta ho e phethela, e akaretsa nako e nkang lilemo tse limilione.

Ho hakanngoa hore mekhatlo ena kaofela ea orogenic qetellong e qalile lilemo tse ka bang limilione tse 300 tse fetileng. Lipoleiti tsa Tectonic li ile tsa qala ho thulana qetellong ea Cretaceous. Ho thulana ha lipoleiti tsena tse peli tsa tectonic ho bakile ho koaloa le ho aroloa ha boholo ba sebaka se tsamaellanang le Leoatle la Tethys le lipakeng tsa lipoleiti tse peli. Ho koaloa le ho busoa ho etsahetse Miocene le Oligocene. Bo-rasaense ba atlehile ho supa mefuta e fapaneng ea majoe a lipoleiti tse peli tsa mokokotlo, ke ka hona e ileng ea ba matla ho lekana ho phahamisa lefatše le ho theha mokoloko ona oa lithaba. Ba boetse ba atlehile ho fumana likarolo tse ling tsa leoatle la khale leoatle e leng la leoatle la Tethys.

Lipalesa le liphoofolo

Morero oa mantlha oa bohahlauli ke limela le liphoofolo ho kenyelletsa libaka tse ntle tsa naha. Ho na le tikoloho ea tlholeho joalo ka mafika a moepa, liphula, libaka tse sabaletseng tse nang le joang, meru le matsoapo a mang. Ho qhibiliha ha leqhoa ho thehile matša a mang 'me bokaholimo ba metsi bo khutsitse, bo khahlisang nts'etsopele ea limela le liphoofolo.

Ho na le phapang e kholo libakeng tsena. Mefuta e meng e tloaelehileng ea lithaba ke lipōli tsa thaba kapa lipoli tse hlaha. Ho na le liphoofolo tse ling tse kang matsa, marmot, likhofu, tšoele le tse ling tse se nang lesapo la mokokotlo. Kamora hore liphiri, libere le lynx li hlile li qheleloe ka thoko ka lebaka la litšokelo tsa batho, li khutlela lithabeng tsa Switzerland. Ka lebaka la ts'ireletso ea libaka tse ling tsa tlhaho, e ba nolofalletsa haholoanyane.

Lipaleng re fumana libaka tse ngata tsa joang le meru ea lithaba, tse nang le lifate tsa phaene, lifate tsa eike, lifate tsa firate le lipalesa tse ling tsa naha.

Ke tšepa hore ka tlhaiso-leseling ena u ka ithuta ho eketsehileng ka Alps ea Switzerland le litšobotsi tsa eona.


Litaba tsa sengoloa sena li latela melao-motheo ea rona ea melao ea boitšoaro ea bongoli. Ho tlaleha phoso tlanya mona.

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Siea maikutlo a hau

aterese ya hao ya imeile ke ke ho phatlalatswa. masimo a hlokahala a tšoailoe ka *

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  1. E ikarabella bakeng sa data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Morero oa data: Laola SPAM, tsamaiso ea maikutlo.
  3. Molao: Tumello ea hau
  4. Puisano ea data: Lintlha li ke ke tsa tsebisoa batho ba boraro ntle le ka tlamo ea molao.
  5. Polokelo ea data: Database e hapiloeng ke Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Litokelo: Nako efe kapa efe o ka fokotsa, oa hlaphoheloa mme oa hlakola tlhaiso-leseling ea hau.