Prague nyenyezi zakuthambo

temberero la wotchi yaku prague yakuthambo

Monga tikudziwira, mizinda yambiri ili ndi zinthu zodziwika bwino komanso zapadera. Munkhaniyi tikambirana Wotchi yaku Prague zakuthambo. Ndi chizindikiro cha Prague ndipo ali ndi ntchito chidwi kwambiri. Linapangidwa m’chaka cha 1410 ndipo amati amabweretsa mavuto akasiya kugwira ntchito.

M'nkhaniyi tikuuzani momwe wotchi ya zakuthambo ya Prague imagwirira ntchito ndi zina mwa nkhani zake.

Prague nyenyezi zakuthambo

wotchi yaku prague zakuthambo

Izi ndizofunikira kuti muwone ngati mukupita ku Prague. Wotchi ya zakuthambo ya mumzindawu ndi imodzi mwa malo okopa alendo omwe ali kumbuyo kwake, ndipo si chinthu chaching'ono. Ili ndi nkhani yokakamiza (ndi miyambo) yomwe ingasinthidwe kukhala buku kapena kanema. Adayambitsidwa mu 1410 ndi Jan Ruze, adakhala zaka 605 kuyambira pamenepo.

Nkhani yake, monga ndimanenera, ili ndi zambiri zosaneneka: adachititsa khungu mmisiri womanga, kumulepheretsa kukonzanso wotchi ngati iyi, yomwe ena amawona ngati chithumwa choteteza mzindawu ... ntchito m'kupita kwa zaka ndipo teknoloji ikupitirizabe kukopa aliyense wokonda wotchi ya analogi ndi machitidwe.

Ntchito

sokoneza wotchi

Prague Astronomical Clock imakhala ndi mapangidwe a astrolabe okhala ndi magawo atatu omwe amatha kulemba mphindi zisanu nthawi imodzi. Pamwamba, pakati pa zotsekera ziwiri, tili ndi zidole za Atumwi Khumi ndi Awiri. Aliyense wa iwo amasiya mphindi 60 zilizonse kuti afotokoze kuti ndi nthawi yanji. Manambalawa ndi amakono kuposa mawotchi ndi madeti a m’zaka za m’ma XNUMX.

Pansipa tili ndi kalendala yokhala ndi zithunzi za miyezi ndi nyengo, kusonyezanso oyera mtima a tsiku lililonse la chaka. Ziwalo zonse ziwirizi ndi zamtengo wapatali komanso zaluso kwambiri, koma mwala wa wotchi iyi uli mkati mwa thupi. Chida ichi chinapangidwa koyamba mu 1410.

Wotchiyo imatha kudziwa nthawi m'njira zisanu, ndipo makina ake ndi amodzi mwa zinthu zomwe zimachititsa chidwi kwambiri. Kumbali imodzi, tili ndi dzuwa lagolide lomwe likuyenda mozungulira ecliptic bwalo, ndikupanga kayendedwe ka elliptical. Chigawochi chikhoza kutiwonetsa maola atatu panthawi imodzi: malo a manja agolide mu manambala achiroma amasonyeza nthawi ku Prague. Pamene dzanja likudutsa mzere wa golidi, limasonyeza maora mu nthawi yosagwirizana, ndipo potsiriza, pa mphete yakunja, maola atatha kutuluka kwa dzuwa malinga ndi nthawi ya Bohemian.

Chachiwiri, imatha kusonyeza nthawi imene dzuwa limatuluka ndi kulowa. Mu dongosolo lagawidwa mu "maola" khumi ndi awiri. Dongosololi lili patali pakati pa dzuŵa ndi pakati pa chigawocho. Miyezo imasiyanasiyana malinga ndi nthawi ya chaka, popeza usana si maola khumi ndi awiri a kuwala, komanso si maola khumi ndi awiri a usiku. Yoyamba imakhala yayitali m'chilimwe ndipo mosiyana ndi yozizira. Ndicho chifukwa chake zizindikiro zogwira mawu zimagwiritsiridwa ntchito kunena za maola pa wotchi yapakati imeneyi.

Chachitatu, pamphepete mwa kunja kwa wotchi, timalemba manambala mu golide Schwabacher script. Iwo ali ndi udindo wosonyeza nthawi, monga momwe tinachitira ku Bohemia. Zimayamba kulembedwa 1 koloko masana. Mphete imayenda chaka chonse kuti igwirizane ndi nthawi ya dzuwa.

Zofunikira pa wotchi yaku Prague yakuthambo

Ndiye tili ndi mphete ya zodiac yomwe ili ndi udindo wowonetsa malo omwe dzuŵa lili pa kadamsana, komwe ndi kopindika kwa dziko lapansi "loyendayenda" mozungulira dzuwa. Ngati ndinu wokonda zodiac, mudzapeza kuti dongosolo la milalang’amba imeneyi n’losiyana ndi kutsata koloko, koma pali chifukwa cha makonzedwe ameneŵa.

Dongosolo la mphetezo ndi chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito mawonekedwe a stereoscopic a ndege ya ecliptic yochokera ku North Pole. Zingamveke zachilendo, koma dongosololi limapezekanso m’mawotchi ena a zakuthambo.

Pomaliza, tili ndi mwezi womwe umasonyeza magawo a ma satelayiti athu achilengedwe. Kuyenda kumafanana ndi wotchi ya master, koma mwachangu kwambiri. Monga mukuonera, ziboliboli zonse pa wotchi ya zakuthamboyi zili mu centrosome iyi, ayi, sitinathe, chifukwa padakali zina.

Wotchi imakhala ndi chimbale chokhazikika chapakati ndi ma diski awiri omwe amazungulira pawokha: mphete ya zodiac ndi m'mphepete mwakunja zolembedwa mu Schwabacher. Nayenso, ili ndi manja atatu: dzanja, dzuwa lomwe limadutsa kuchokera pamwamba mpaka pansi, likuchita ngati dzanja lachiwiri, ndipo lachitatu, dzanja lokhala ndi nyenyezi zomwe zimagwirizanitsidwa ndi zodiac.

Temberero la wotchi

nthano ndi nthano

Nthano ina imati mmisiri wa matabwa amene anaipanga mu 1410 anachita ntchito yabwino kwambiri moti anthu amene anaituma ankafuna kuonetsetsa kuti asabwerezenso kuti ikhale yapadera padziko lapansi, ndipo anamuchititsa khungu.

Pobwezera, anakhala pa wotchi ndi kuimitsa makina ake, nthawi yomweyo, mozizwitsa, mtima wake unasiya kugunda. Kuyambira pamenepo, anthu ankakhulupirira kuti kuyenda kwa manja ake ndi kuvina kwa manambala ake kunatsimikizira kuti mzindawu ukuyenda bwino, ndiponso kuti wotchiyo inasiya kugwira ntchito ikabweretsa tsoka ku Prague.

M’kupita kwa nthaŵi ola lililonse, chionetserocho chocholoŵanacho chinkaonetsedwa pofuna kukhazika mtima pansi banjalo m’miyezi imene anali kubisala kuseri kwa phula, ndipo chinapitiriza kudabwitsa mazana a anthu ndi zimango zake zapamwamba. Choyambitsa kapena chongochitika mwangozi ndi nthawi yokhayo yomwe mudatero Munali m’chaka cha 2002 pamene mtsinje wa Vltava unasefukira ndipo mzindawu unasefukira kwambiri m’mbiri yake. Chotero pamene wotchi ya January inaganiza zophimba wotchiyo kuti ikonze, panali mtundu wa mantha (ndi kukhumudwa kwa alendowo) pakati pa anansi ake okhulupirira malaulo kwambiri.

Wotchiyo ili ndi kalendala yozungulira yokhala ndi ma medali omwe amaimira miyezi ya chaka; mbali ziwiri - chachikulu, chapakati-; quadrant ya zakuthambo yomwe inkagwiritsidwa ntchito poyeza nthawi mu Middle Ages (ndipo imasonyeza nthawi ku Central Europe ndi Babulo, komanso malo a nyenyezi) ndipo mitundu yake iliyonse ili ndi tanthauzo: wofiira ndi mbandakucha ndi kulowa kwa dzuwa; wakuda, usiku; ndi buluu, tsiku.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za wotchi yakuthambo ku Prague ndi mawonekedwe ake.


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