Kodi kutentha kwamoto ndi chiyani?

Kutentha kwa chilimwe

M'nyengo yotentha kumatentha kwambiri kumadera ambiri padziko lapansi. Izi ndichinthu chomwe tonsefe timaganiza, koma nthawi zina kutentha kumatha komanso amatha masiku angapo, masabata ngakhale miyezi.

Chodabwitsa ichi chimadziwika kuti kutentha, ndipo itha kukhala ndi zotsatirapo zoyipa kwambiri pazaumoyo komanso m'moyo.

Kodi kutentha kwamoto ndi chiyani?

Kutentha kwamatabwa

Mafunde otentha ndi nyengo yotentha kwambiri yomwe imakhalapo masiku kapena milungu ingapo ndipo imakhudzanso gawo lalikulu ladziko. Masiku angati kapena masabata angati? Chowonadi ndichakuti palibe tanthauzo "lovomerezeka", ndiye kuti ndizovuta kutchula angati.

Ku Spain, akuti ndikutentha kwamphamvu komwe kumatenthedwa kwambiri (kutengera nthawi ya 1971-2000 ngati cholembera) m'malo opitilira nyengo 10% kwa masiku atatu. Koma malire awa amatha kusiyanasiyana kutengera dzikolo, mwachitsanzo:

  • Mu The Netherlands Amawonedwa ngati funde lotentha pomwe kutentha kopitilira 5ºC kumalembedwa kwa masiku osachepera 25 ku De Bilt, womwe ndi boma la chigawo cha Utrecht (Holland).
  • Mu United States: ngati kutentha kwapamwamba kuposa 32,2ºC kwajambulidwa masiku atatu kapena kupitilira apo.

Zikachitika?

Parasol pagombe nthawi yotentha

Nthawi yochuluka zimachitika munthawi yazitali, yomwe nthawi zambiri imachitika chilimwe. Pulogalamu ya Canicula Ndi nyengo yotentha kwambiri pachaka, ndipo imachitika pakati pa Julayi 15 ndi Ogasiti 15. Chifukwa chiyani akuti ndi masiku otentha kwambiri?

Timakonda kuganiza kuti tsiku loyamba la chilimwe (Juni 21 ku Northern Hemisphere ndi Disembala 21 ku Southern Hemisphere) ndiye tsiku lotentha kwambiri, koma sizikhala choncho nthawi zonse. Dziko lapansi, monga tikudziwira, limazungulira palokha, komanso limapendekera pang'ono. Tsiku la Chilimwe Solsticekunyezimira kwa dzuwa kumatifikira molunjika, koma popeza madzi ndi dziko lapansi zangoyamba kumene kuyamwa kutentha, kutentha kumakhala kosakhazikika pang'ono.

Komabe, kuti monga chilimwe chimapitirira nyanja yamadzi, zomwe mpaka pano zatsitsimutsa mlengalenga, ndipo nthaka idzakhala yotentha mokwanira kuti iyambe nyengo yotentha kwambiri, zomwe zimatha kuchepa kwambiri kutengera dera lomwe tikukhala. Chifukwa chake, mwachitsanzo, nyengo zamtundu wa Mediterranean panthawi yamafunde kutentha kotentha kwambiri kumatha kuchitika.

Kodi zotsatira za kutentha zimatha kukhala ndi zotani?

Moto wamnkhalango, chimodzi mwazotsatira za kutentha kwamphamvu

Ngakhale ndizochitika zachilengedwe ndipo sitingachitire mwina koma kuyesayesa kusintha momwe tingathere, ngati sititenga zofunikira kuti tikumane ndi zotulukapo zake, zomwe si zochepa.

Moto wa m'nkhalango

Kukakhala kotentha nthawi ya chilala, nkhalango zimakhala pachiwopsezo chachikulu choyaka moto. Mu 2003, Ku Portugal kokha, motowo udawononga nkhalango zoposa 3.010 km2.

Imfa

Ana, okalamba komanso omwe akudwala ndiomwe amakhala pachiwopsezo cha mafunde otentha. Kupitiliza ndi chitsanzo cha yemwe anali mu 2003, anthu opitilira 1000 adachitika sabata imodzi, ndipo oposa 10.000 ku France.

Thanzi

Pakatentha kwambiri, malingaliro athu amatha kusintha kwambiri, makamaka ngati sitinazolowere. Koma kukatentha kwambiri, ngati njira zoyenera sizinachitike Titha kudwala sitiroko kapena hyperthermia. Makamaka achichepere komanso akulu kwambiri, komanso odwala ndi onenepa kwambiri, ndi omwe ali pachiwopsezo chachikulu.

Kugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu

Munthawi yotentha kwambiri magetsi athu akugwiritsika ntchito, osati pachabe, tiyenera kuzizilitsa ndipo chifukwa cha izi timalowetsa mafani ndi / kapena kutsegula zowongolera mpweya. Koma ili likhoza kukhala vuto, monga Kugwiritsa ntchito mowa kwambiri kumatha kubweretsa kulephera kwamagetsi.

Mafunde ofunikira kwambiri

Kutentha ku Europe, 2003

Kutentha ku Europe, 2003

Chile, 2017

Pakati pa Januware 25 ndi 27, Chile idakumana ndi kutentha koipitsitsa m'mbiri. M'mizinda ya Quillón ndi Cauquenes, malingalirowo anali pafupi kwambiri ndi 45 ,C, kulembetsa 44,9ºC ndi 44,5ºC motsatana.

India, 2015

M'mwezi wa Meyi, kumayambiriro kwa nyengo yopanda mvula ku India kunali kutentha kopitilira 47ºC, komwe kudapangitsa kufa kwa anthu oposa 2.100 mpaka pa 31 mweziwo.

Europe, 2003

Kutentha kwa 2003 ndikofunikira kwambiri ku Europe. Kutentha kwakukulu kwambiri kudalembedwa kumwera kwa Europe, ndi zinthu monga 47,8ºC ku Denia (Alicante, Spain), kapena 39,8ºC ku Paris (France).

Wapita Anthu a 14.802 pakati pa Ogasiti 1 ndi 15.

Spain, 1994

Sabata yomaliza ya Juni komanso woyamba wa Julayi, ku Spain, makamaka mdera la Mediterranean, kutentha kunali kwakukulu, monga ku Murcia (47,2ºC), Alicante (41,4ºC), ku Huelva (41,4ºC), kapena ku Palma (Mallorca) 39,4ºC.

Malangizo oti mupirire momwe mungathere

Imwani madzi ambiri kuti mumve kutentha

Pakakhala kutentha, muyenera kuchita chilichonse chomwe chingafunike kuti muthane nacho. Nawa maupangiri angapo omwe angakuthandizeni:

  • Khalani hydrate: Musayembekezere mpaka kumva ludzu kumwa madzi. Ndikutentha kwambiri, madzi amataika mwachangu, motero ndikofunikira kuti thupi limakhala ndi madzi nthawi zonse.
  • Idyani chakudya chatsopano: momwe mumakondera mbale zotentha, nthawi yachilimwe ndipo koposa zonse, nthawi yotentha, pewani kuzidya.
  • Valani zoteteza ku dzuwaKaya mupita kunyanja kapena mukuyenda kokayenda, khungu la munthu limakhudzidwa kwambiri ndipo limatha kutentha dzuwa.
  • Pewani kutuluka masana: panthawiyi kunyezimira kumabwera molunjika kwambiri, kotero zimakhudza kwambiri nthaka komanso, komanso thupi.
  • Dzitetezeni ku dzuwaValani zovala zowala (zowala zimawala kuwala kwa dzuwa), valani magalasi, ndipo khalani mumthunzi kupewa mavuto.

Mafunde otentha ndi zochitika zomwe zimachitika chaka chilichonse. Ndikofunikira kuti mukhale otetezedwa.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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