Gulf of California

gombe la California

Lero tikambirana gombe la California. Ndi nyanja yaying'ono kwambiri padziko lapansi. Ili ndi chiyambi chake chifukwa cha momwe nthaka imayendera komanso kuyenda kwa mbale pakati pa gawo la nyanja ya Pacific ndi kutumphuka komwe kumapanga kontinenti yaku America. Ndi kwawo kwa mitundu yambiri yazachilengedwe ndipo zambiri zake zimatetezedwa chifukwa cha zovuta zina zomwe zimakhalapo chifukwa cha anthu ndi ntchito zawo.

Munkhaniyi tikukuwuzani mawonekedwe, magwero ndi mapangidwe a Gulf of California.

Makhalidwe apamwamba

gombe lachilengedwe ku California

Ndi nyanja yaying'ono kwambiri padziko lapansi. Chiyambi chake chimachokera ku kayendetsedwe kake ka mbale za Pacific Ocean ndi kutumphuka komwe kumapanga America. Kusuntha komwe ma mbalewa ali nako anali kupatulira kutumphuka kwa nyanja pafupifupi zaka 12 miliyoni zapitazo. Nthawi idafika pomwe madzi am'nyanja ochokera ku Pacific adalowa kumpoto ndikumaliza kusefukira beseni lonse. Panthawiyo proto-golfo anali atapangidwa kale. Beseni ili limasintha pang'onopang'ono m'dongosolo lazolakwika za geological. Pakadali pano, zolakwika zonse za dongosololi zikuchokera pakamwa pa Gulf of California mpaka kumpoto kwenikweni kwake. Ichi ndichifukwa chake chilumba cha Baja California chimasiyanitsidwa ndi phiri laku North America.

Kusunthaku ndikuchedwa koma kosasintha. Kwa zaka mabiliyoni ambiri pamapeto pake zidzapatukana kwathunthu. Vuto la San Andrés ndi chimodzi mwazodziwika bwino kwambiri padziko lonse lapansi ndipo ndi lomwe limalekanitsa gawo ili lonse. Pakati pawo ndi zaka mamiliyoni ambiri Gulf of California yakhala ikulamulidwa pang'onopang'ono ndi zamoyo zosiyanasiyana. Zinyama ndi zomera zam'madzi zamitundu yosiyanasiyana zili ndi malo awa.

Zamoyo zosiyanasiyana ku Gulf of California

nyama zotetezedwa

Pakadali pano, chifukwa cha kusintha kwanyengo ndikusintha kwamadzi, kusiyanasiyana kwa malo kwasintha. Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti, kuyambira kukhazikitsidwa kwa Gulf of California, nyengo zasintha zomwe zadzetsa kusintha kwa nyanja, zovuta zina za geological zomwe zapangitsa mapangidwe, mapiri ndi zisumbu, ndi zina zambiri. Zosintha zonsezi mwachilengedwe komanso nyengo zapangitsa Gulf of California kukhala amodzi mwa nyanja zolemera kwambiri padziko lapansi. Ili ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana yamitundu ndi malo owoneka bwino omwe ali ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana.

Gulf chapamwamba cha California chimapereka gawo lakum'mwera kwa zilumba zazikulu. Pazilumba zonse, zomwe zimadziwika kwambiri ndi chilumba cha Ángel de la Guardia ndi chilumba cha Tiburon. M'madera amenewa mbalame zamitundu yosiyanasiyana zimakhala zisa ndipo zimatetezedwa. Kumpoto kwake kudakonzedwa ndi Chipululu cha Guwa ndi pakamwa pa Mtsinje wa Colorado. Ntchito ya Mtsinje wa Colorado ndikupereka madzi ndi mitsinje m'mbiri yonse kuyambira pomwe Gulf of California idapangidwa. Kupezeka kwa mtsinje uwu yapereka zikhalidwe zapadera kudera lonseli. Chifukwa cha izi, kupangidwa kwa unyolo wamitundu yambiri yazomera ndi nyama zaloledwa.

Chifukwa cha mikhalidwe yonse yomwe tafotokozayi komanso kukhalapo kwa mtsinjewu, zakhala zikotheka kupanga mitundu yachilengedwe yomwe, pakadali pano, ili pachiwopsezo chotha. Pokhala mitundu yachilengedwe, imangopulumuka ndipo imapeza malowa. Ndi chimodzi mwazifukwa zomwe zili pachiwopsezo chotha. Popeza ili ndi gawo laling'ono logawa, ndiye mtundu wosavutikira kwambiri kuchitapo kanthu cha anthu. Mitundu ya zamoyo zomwe zatsala pang'ono kutha ndi vaquita marina. Ndi imodzi mwazinyalala zazing'ono kwambiri zomwe zimakhalako ndipo zimangokhala ku Gulf of California. Akuyerekeza kuti pakadali pano pali anthu masauzande ochepa, koma kuti chiwerengerochi chinali chachikulu kwambiri anthu asanakhale.

Zovuta zachilengedwe ku Gulf of California

nyama zakutchire

Mtsinje wa Colorado umalowa pang'onopang'ono mumadzi a Gulf of California. Tiyenera kukumbukira kuti gawo lalikulu lamtsinjewu limagwiritsidwa ntchito pazochita za anthu m'derali. Izi zapangitsa kuti malo okhala zamoyo zambiri akuwonongeka ndipo kupulumuka kwa mitundu yambiri ya nyama kukucheperachepera. Pakadali pano, pulogalamu yapadziko lonse yakhazikitsidwa kuti iphunzire ndikusunga gawo lalikulu la zamoyo monga vaquita marina, komanso mitundu ina ya cetacean monga blue whale, sperm whale, the whale whale ndi orcas. Cholinga cha mapulogalamuwa ndikuti athe kuwongolera zochitika za anthu m'njira yoti zachilengedwe zitha kusungidwa bwino.

Mbali inayi, palinso zovuta zachilengedwe zomwe zimapangidwa ndikukula kwamakampani. Pofuna kusamalira zachilengedwe zosiyanasiyana ku Gulf of California, makampani omwe apanga zachilengedwe komanso zokopa alendo apangidwa. Makampaniwa adapangidwa moyenera m'malo omwe ali ndi chuma chambiri kwambiri kuti athe kuyandikira chilengedwe ndikudziwitsa anthu za kusamalira zachilengedwe komanso zachilengedwe. Nthawi yomweyo, ena mwa malo omwe alendo amabwera kudzawona malo atha kusiyanitsa ntchito zawo kuti athe kupereka maulendo afupikitsa koma osiyananso ndi zokopa alendo komanso zokopa zamasewera.

Zonsezi zimachitika kuti zibweretse china pafupi ndi zokopa alendo wamba kuzinthu monga kuwonera mbalame ndi anangumi. Kuyambira paphiri mpaka masewera ndi kayaking komanso mapiri panjinga yakhala yofunikira kwambiri.

Ndondomeko zosungira

Cholinga cha mapulani achitetezo ndikuteteza Gulf of California kuti izitha kupeza ndikukhazikitsa mitundu yazachilengedwe yolumikizidwa. Zowonjezera, Cholinga chake ndikuti atha kupanga zinthu zofunikira pantchito zothandiza anthu, kudyetsa chuma chamderalo osasokoneza chilengedwe.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi izi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za Gulf of California ndi mawonekedwe ake.

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