Zosagwirizana ndi chinyezi

kazembe

Kusagwirizana ndi chinyezi ndi gawo laling'ono la ziwengo zam'mwamba ndi zam'munsi zomwe zimachitika chifukwa chokoka mpweya wa spores za mafangasi ndipo zimafunikira chinyezi chambiri kuti zipulumuke ndikuberekana. Anthu onse amakhudzidwa ndi nkhungu, koma anthu ena amakhala ndi mayankho osagwirizana ndi chitetezo chawo chamthupi, chomwe chimawoneka ngati zizindikiro za kupuma. The chinyontho ziwengo Ndicho chifukwa cha mavuto ambiri opuma, omwe amakhudza kwambiri ana ndi okalamba. Iwo ndi achitatu omwe amayambitsa matenda osagwirizana ndi kupuma ndipo anthu ambiri amadwala chaka chonse.

Pachifukwa ichi, tipereka nkhaniyi kuti tikuuzeni zomwe zizindikiro zazikulu za ziwengo ndi chinyezi zili, momwe mungapewere komanso zomwe muyenera kuziganizira.

Kodi bowa ndi chiyani?

bowa

Nthawi zambiri, timalankhula mosinthana za bowa ndi bowa, ndipo timakhulupirira kuti pali magulu awiri: zodyedwa ndi zapoizoni. Komabe, bowa ndi zamoyo zapadera komanso zosiyanasiyana, pamene bowa amangokhala zipatso kapena matupi obala zipatso za bowa wina. Tikayerekeza ndi zomera, bowa ndi mtengo ndipo bowa ndi chipatso chake.

Bowa ndi gulu losiyanasiyana komanso losiyana kwambiri la zamoyo zomwe magulu awo ovuta amayendetsedwa ndi kafukufuku wasayansi wotchedwa mycology. Titha kuwonetsa mndandanda wazinthu zomwe zimafanana ndi zamoyo izi:

  • Ma cell awo amakhala ndi phata, kumene ma chromosome amapezeka, ndiko kuti, ndi eukaryotes.
  • Ngakhale kuti mitundu ina, monga yisiti, imakhala ndi phata limodzi, nthawi zambiri imakhala yambirimbiri.
  • Nthawi zina thupi, lomwe limatchedwanso thallus, limakhala ndi ma nuclei angapo; Nthawi zina, imagawidwa m'maselo angapo (hyphae), omwe ali ndi filamentous ndipo amatchedwa mycelium.
  • Mabakiteriya angakhale opanda makoma (opanda kanthu) kapena angakhale opangidwa ndi chitin kapena cellulose.
  • Amaberekana ndi spores (monga algae), omwe amatha kukhala osasunthika kapena oyenda, ogonana kapena osagonana. Kukula kwawo kumakhala pakati pa 2-3 µm ndi 500 µm, ndi avareji ya 2-10 µm. Nthawi zambiri, spores amapangidwa ndi microscopically, ngakhale ena sizili choncho. M'malo mwake, monga tafotokozera pamwambapa, bowa sichinthu choposa nsanja zobalalitsira spores m'chilengedwe.
  • Mosiyana ndi zomera, iwo alibe chlorophyll ndipo amadya mwa kuyamwa zakudya kuchokera ku chilengedwe.
  • Pafupifupi mitundu 500.000 ya bowa imadziwika, ngakhale kuti pangakhale pakati pa 1 ndi 1,5 miliyoni a iwo.
  • Bowa wambiri ndi saprophytic ndipo amaphwanya zinthu zakufa. Zikwi zambiri zimayambitsa matenda a zomera ndi parasitic, mitundu yambiri imayambitsa matenda a anthu (matenda a fungal), ndipo ochepa chabe (mwina osachepera 50) amayambitsa matenda opatsirana. Pazinthu zonse zomwe zafotokozedwa, tizilombo toyambitsa matenda timadziwika kuti ndi pafupi ndi zinyama (zinyama) kusiyana ndi zomera (zomera), ngakhale zimagawidwa mu ufumu wina wotchedwa bowa.

Malo omwe mumadana ndi chinyezi

ziwengo ku chinyezi kunyumba

Kunja kwa nyumba

  • masamba owola (nkhalango, wowonjezera kutentha, kompositi)
  • Msipu, udzu, udzu, udzu, dzinthu ndi ufa (kutchetcha, kudula, kukolola ndi kugwira ntchito m'nkhokwe, m'makhola, m'mphero, m'malo ophika buledi)
  • Mphepo yamkuntho

Mkati mwa nyumba

  • Nyumba yachilimwe, anatseka pafupifupi chaka
  • Pansi pachipinda chonyowa kapena cellar
  • bafa yopanda mpweya wabwino
  • Wallpaper ndi frieze pa yonyowa pokonza makoma
  • Madontho amadzi (madontho akuda) pakhoma
  • Mazenera mafelemu okhala ndi condensation yowoneka bwino
  • Zida za nsalu zonyowa
  • chakudya chosungidwa
  • Ma humidifiers ndi makina owongolera mpweya

Nyengo yachinyezi imathandizira kukula kwa mafangasi, pomwe nyengo yadzuwa, yamphepo imakonda kufalikira kwa spore; matalala amachepetsa kwambiri zinthu zonse ziwiri. M'madera otentha ndi amvula, bowa amapezeka mochuluka chaka chonse. M'madera otentha, fungal spores amafika kwambiri kumapeto kwa chirimwe.

Kuchuluka kwa spores mumlengalenga kumasiyana mosiyanasiyana (200-1.000.000 / m3 mpweya); imatha kupitirira kuchuluka kwa mungu mumlengalenga pakati pa nthawi 100 ndi 1000, kutengera kwambiri kutentha, chinyezi, ndi mpweya.

Kuchuluka kwa spore nthawi zambiri kumakhala kochepa m'nyumba kuposa kunja. Ma spores a m'nyumba amachokera ku zotheka kukula kwakunja ndi mkati. Popeza bowa amatha kuwonongeka, kuwononga ndi kugwiritsa ntchito mapadi, wowuma ndi zinthu zachilengedwe, kupezeka kwawo kumakonda kukula kwawo (nkhokwe, makola, nyumba zosungiramo zinthu zakale, silos, malo osungira zakudya, etc.).

M'nyumba, komwe chinyezi ndichomwe chimayambitsa kukula kwa mafangasi, mawu akuti "chinyontho" amagwiritsidwa ntchito nthawi zambiri. Monga lamulo, Odwala omwe ali ndi matenda a mafangasi ayenera kulangizidwa kuti apewe malo onse otsekedwa komwe mumatha kumva fungo labwino.

Bowa omwe amamera muzosefera kapena zosefera zowongolera mpweya amatha kufalikira mnyumba yonse ndi nyumba, chifukwa chake amawonedwa kuti ndi chimodzi mwazifukwa zazikulu zopangira matenda omanga, ngakhale amatchedwa odwala omanga matenda.

Momwe mungadziwire zosagwirizana ndi chinyezi

chinyontho ziwengo

Ngati tikukhala m’malo amene chinyezi kapena nkhungu zimawunjikana, tingayambe kusamvana ndi chilengedwechi. Kuti mudziwe ngati ndi choncho, kuyang'anitsitsa ndi wothandizira wanu wabwino kwambiri. Ngati mukukumana ndi zizindikiro zotsatirazi nthawi zonse mukalowa m'chipinda chokhala ndi chinyezi chambiri, mutha kukhala ndi vuto la nkhungu:

  • Pkuyabwa mphuno ndi maso
  • Kufiira kwa maso ndi/kapena mphuno
  • Kuchuluka kwamkati
  • Misozi
  • Kuyetsemula pafupipafupi komanso mosalekeza nthawi zina

Chifukwa ziwengo sizovuta kuzipewa nthawi zonse chifukwa sitikhala m'malo omwe titha kuwongolera nthawi zonse, ndikofunikira kuti muwone dokotala kuti atsimikizire za matendawa ndikupeza chithandizo choyenera. Izi ndizofunikira makamaka tikamayendera malo kapena malo okhala ndi chinyezi chambiri.

Pali zinthu zingapo zomwe mungachite kunyumba kuti zikuthandizeni kupewa kusagwirizana ndi chinyezi:

  • Ikani zochotsera madzi m'malo osiyanasiyana m'nyumba mwanuIzi zidzakuthandizani kulamulira chinyezi m'dera lanu.
  • Nthawi zonse sungani malo omwe mumakhala chinyezi, monga zimbudzi kapena chipinda chapansi pa nyumba yanu, chokhala ndi mpweya wabwino.
  • Kukonza moyenera mpweya wabwino ndi kutentha m'nyumba mwanu, makamaka kuyeretsa zosefera kupewa kudzikundikira particles kuti angayambitse chifuwa.
  • Ndi bwino kupewa kulima mbewu m'nyumba. Ngati muli nazo, ndikofunikira kupewa bowa kuti zisapangike pamasamba ndi zimayambira, chifukwa zimatha kuyambitsa ziwengo.

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ndi chidziwitsochi mutha kuphunzira zambiri za ziwengo ku chinyezi ndi mawonekedwe ake.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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