Kpakpando Neutron

kpakpando neutron

La kpakpando neutron na kpakpando quark, dị ka oghere ojii, bụ ihe na-akpali akpali. Astrophysics etolitela nke ọma iji nye anyị ozi bara uru gbasara ha, nke na-agba anyị ume ịnọgide na-aṅa ntị, na-atụ anya na ndị ọkà mmụta mbara igwe nwere ike ịghọta ha nke ọma ma nyere anyị aka ịghọta nke ọma usoro na-akpalite ọzụzụ ha.

N'isiokwu a, anyị ga-agwa gị ihe niile ịchọrọ ịma gbasara kpakpando neutron, àgwà ha na mmalite ha.

Kpakpando Neutron

kpakpando na oghere ojii

Ọ bụ ezie na kpakpando ndị a nwere neutrons na quarks bụ ezigbo ndị na-akwado akụkọ a, iji ghọta ha, anyị na-ebu ụzọ nwee mmasị n'ịtụle usoro ndụ nke kpakpando. Otú ọ dị, tupu anyị abanye n'ime ntụ ọka ahụ, ọ dị ka ọ dị mkpa ịme nkwupụta nke ebumnuche: ị gaghị ahụ nha nha n'isiokwu a. Ọ dịghị mkpa ka ha ghọta nke ọma na nke ọma ka usoro anụ ahụ na-akpali akpali nke na-akọwa nhazi ha si arụ ọrụ.

Ihe mejupụtara kpakpando bụ ígwé ojii nke uzuzu na gas gbasasịrị na mbara igwe. Mgbe njupụta nke otu n'ime ígwé ojii dị elu nke ukwuu, ike ndọda ga-arụ ọrụ na ya, nke ga-akwalite ọdịdị nke usoro na-adịghị agwụ agwụ nke a na-akpọ mgbagwoju anya gravitational, nke ga-eme ka ihe dị n'ime ígwé ojii jupụta ma jiri nwayọọ nwayọọ ghọọ obere kpakpando ma ọ bụ protostars. A na-akpọ ogbo evolushọn nke a bụ isi usoro, nke kpakpando na-enweta ume site na mkpirisi ndọda.

Mmalite

neutron kpakpando sitere

Banyere 70% nke oke kpakpando bụ hydrogen, 24-26% bụ helium na nke fọdụrụ 4-6% bụ ngwakọta nke chemical ọcha. arọ karịa helium. Ndụ nke kpakpando ọ bụla na-emetụta ya site na nhazi mbụ ya, ma nke ka mkpa, ọ na-emetụta ya nke ukwuu site na oke ya, nke na-abụghị ihe ọ bụla karịa ọnụ ọgụgụ nke ike ndọda nwere ike ịgbakọ ma gbakọọ na akụkụ nke oghere.

N'ụzọ na-akpali mmasị, nnukwu kpakpando na-eri mmanụ ọkụ ngwa ngwa karịa obere kpakpando, ya mere, dị ka anyị ga-ahụ n'isiokwu a, ha nwere ndụ dị mkpụmkpụ ma, nke kachasị mkpa, na-eme ihe ike ma dị egwu. Ka ndọda ndọda na-eme ka ihe dị n'ígwé ojii na-agbakọta, okpomọkụ ya ji nwayọọ nwayọọ na-abawanye.

Ọ bụrụ na ọnụ ọgụgụ nke ihe a na-akwakọba buru ibu, nrụgide na ọnọdụ okpomọkụ chọrọ maka njikọ akpaghị aka nke hydrogen nuclei site na mmeghachi omume ngwakọta nuklia ga-apụta na nucleus. Mgbe okpomọkụ nke isi protostar ruru nde 10 Celsius, mgbanye hydrogen na-apụta. Oge ọnọdụ ndị a na-eme bụ oge a na-agbanye ọkụ nuklia. na kpakpando na-amalite usoro a na-akpọ isi usoro, n'oge nke ọ na-adọta ume site na ngwakọta nke hydrogen nuclei.

Ngwakọta isi

eluigwe na ala na kpakpando

Ngwaahịa nke hydrogen fusion bụ ọhụrụ helium nucleus, ya mere ihe mejupụtara nke kpakpando na-amalite ịgbanwe. N'ime usoro a, a na-ahapụ nnukwu ume ma na-amanye kpakpando ka ha na-emezigharị mgbe niile iji nọgide na-enwe nguzozi hydrostatic. Ndị ọkà mmụta mbara igwe ha nwere ngwa mgbakọ na mwepụ nke nwere ike ịkọwa usoro a nke ọma, ma anyị nwere mmasị ịmara na hydrostatic equilibrium bụ oke na-eme ka kpakpando ahụ kwụsie ike.

Iji mezuo nke a, ọ dị mkpa ka ike abụọ na-emegiderịta onwe ha bikọ ọnụ ma mebie ibe ha. Otu n'ime ha bụ mkpụkọ ndọda, nke, dị ka anyị hụworo, na-echikota ihe nke kpakpando ahụ, na-amanye ya n'enweghị obi ebere. Nke ọzọ bụ nrụgide nke radieshon na gas, bụ nke sitere na mgbanye ọkụ nuklia, nke na-agbalị ịgbasa kpakpando. Ndozigharị mgbe niile nke kpakpando na-enweta mgbe ha na-eri hydrogen ma mepụta nuclei helium ọhụrụ bụ maka idobe ya n'ụzọ ziri ezi, ya mere mkpụkọ ndọda n'otu aka, radieshon na gas mgbali na nke ọzọ, na-dobe na mmiri.

N'ime usoro a, a na-amanye isi nke kpakpando ka ọ nwee nkwekọrịta iji mee ka okpomọkụ ya dịkwuo elu ma gbochie ọdịda ike ndọda. Ọ bụrụ na ọ nweghị ike itule n'ihi nrụgide nke radieshon na gas, ọ ga-adaba n'ike ndọda. Ọ bụrụ na oke kpakpando buru ibu, isi ya ga-ekpo ọkụ ma kpoo ya nke ukwuu nke na mgbe hydrogen na-agwụ. isi helium ga-ejikọta. Site na mgbe ahụ gawa, usoro a na-akpọ triple alpha ga-amalite.

Njirimara nke kpakpando neutron

Ihe omume a na-akọwa usoro nke helium nuclei atọ na-ejikọta iji mepụta carbon nucleus, ọ na-apụtakwa na okpomọkụ dị elu karịa ngwakọta nke ikuku hydrogen. N'ime usoro a, kpakpando ga-anọgide na-eri ihe nchekwa helium ya, na-emepụta carbon nuclei, na-edozi onwe ya iji nọgide na-enwe nguzozi zuru oke, ọzọ n'ihi mmetụta nchịkọta nke ike ndọda na radieshon na nrụgide gas. Ọ bụ mgbe ahụ ka ọ gaghị akwụsị imepụta carbon.

Mgbe mmewere a kwụsịrị n'ime isi, ọ na-emegharị, na-akpakọ ma na-ebuli okpomọkụ ya ọzọ iji zere ndakpọ ndọda. Site n'oge a gaa n'ihu, ikuku carbon ga-agbanye site na usoro nke ngwakọta nuklia wee malite ịmepụta ihe ndị dị arọ karị.

Ọ bụ ezie na n'ime isi nke kpakpando ahụ, njikọ nke carbon na-apụta na oyi akwa dị elu ozugbo, mgbanye nke helium na-agbanwe agbanwe. Na n'elu nke a hydrogen. N'ime usoro nucleosynthesis stellar, aha usoro nke mmeghachi omume nuklia na-eme n'ime ihe ndị a, Kpakpando na-eji usoro nhazi ọkwa dịka yabasị. Ihe ndị kacha sie ike dị na isi, sitekwa n'ebe ahụ anyị na-ahụ ihe ndị na-esiwanye ike n'otu n'otu.

Kpakpando bụ n'ezie ọrụ maka imepụta ihe ndị na-emepụta kemịkal. Na ya na-synthesized oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, calcium na phosphorus nke mejupụtara 99% nke oke ahụ anyị. Na ihe ndị mejupụtara kemịkalụ nke mejupụtara 1% fọdụrụnụ. Ihe na-eme ka anyị dị elu abụghị naanị anyị, mana ihe niile gbara anyị gburugburu sitere na kpakpando.

Enwere m olileanya na site na ozi a, ị ga-amụtakwu banyere kpakpando neutron na njirimara ya.


Ọdịnaya nke isiokwu agbaso ụkpụrụ anyị nke ụkpụrụ nduzi. Kpesa mmejọ pịa ebe a.

Bụrụ onye mbụ ịza ajụjụ

Hapu okwu gi

Adreesị email gị agaghị bipụtara. Chọrọ ubi na-akara na *

*

*

  1. Rụ ọrụ maka data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Nzube nke data: Nchịkwa SPAM, njikwa okwu.
  3. Ikike: Nkwenye gị
  4. Nkwurịta okwu nke data: Agaghị agwa ndị ọzọ data ahụ ma ọ bụghị site na iwu.
  5. Nchekwa data: Ebe nchekwa data nke Occentus Networks (EU) kwadoro
  6. Ikike: Oge obula inwere ike igbachi, weghachite ma hichapụ ihe omuma gi.