Nā Hurricanes, no ke aha i kapa ʻia ai lākou pēlā?

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Hurricanes i pā i ke komohana hema o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ma waena o 1950 a 2007

ʻO kēia mau lā me ka hopena o ka typhoon Haiyan o Yolanda (e like me ka mea i ʻike ʻia ma ka ʻĀina Pilipino) e hoʻāla i ka hoihoi i ka poʻe heluhelu he nui kahi i hele mai ai kēia mau inoa, pehea a ʻo wai e hoʻoholo iā lākou a no ke kumu i kekahi mau hihia, e like me kēia, ʻoi aku ka inoa o lākou Manaʻo paha kekahi, no ke aha ʻaʻole ka hekili a i ʻole nā ​​ʻino nui i hana ʻia i kekahi manawa e like me ia a mālama ʻia no ka wā e hōʻea ai ka makani ʻino a me ka ʻino paha.

Ua hāʻawi ʻia nā typhoons i nā inoa ʻokoʻa ma ka mōʻaukala. Ua loli ko lākou hoʻokaʻawale ʻana i nā makahiki i ka hiki ʻana i ka ʻōnaehana papa inoa i hoʻohana ʻia i kēia mau lā e nā lawelawe meteorological honua holoʻokoʻa (WMO, NHC, PAGASA, a pēlā aku).

No nā makahiki he haneli, ua kapa ʻia nā makani pāhū ma hope o ka haipule o ka lā i kū ai lākou ("San Felipe" i ka makahiki 1876 Pokoliko. pōʻai kik tropical tropical cyclones. I ke Kaua Honua II, hāʻawi ʻia nā inoa wahine iā lākou. Ma hope iho, ua hoʻolālā ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa e kapa iā lākou i ke ʻano phonetic, ʻoiai ʻo ka hoʻokomo ʻana i ka pīʻāpā phonetic āpau āpau i alakaʻi i ka hoʻi i nā inoa wahine.

Ma mua o 1950, na ke Keʻena Meteorological Koa o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa ke kuleana no ka hāʻawi ʻana i kahi helu i nā ʻino tropical tropical. ʻO kahi laʻana, ua kapa ʻia ka ʻelima cyclone tropical o ka wā Hurricane 1932 ma ka helu 5. I nā makahiki e hiki mai ana ua hoʻohana ʻia ka pīʻāpā phonetic pūʻali koa (Able, Baker, Charlie, a pēlā aku) e hāʻawi i nā inoa.

Ma hope, i ke kakahiaka nui 1953, ua hāʻawi ʻia nā inoa ʻino wahine i nā ʻino tropical tropical. Nā inoa i helu ʻia i ke kaʻina pīʻāpā, e hāʻawi ana i ka ʻino tropical mua o ka makahiki i kahi inoa e hoʻomaka me A.

I ka makahiki 1978, ua hoʻokomo ʻia nā inoa wahine a me nā kāne i ka papa inoa ino o ka ʻĀkau Pakipika. I ka makahiki 1979 ua hoʻonui ʻia ka papa inoa o nā inoa no ka Basin ʻAtelanika, a ʻo nā inoa kāne a me nā wahine hoʻi. I kēia lā, ke piʻi aʻe kahi haunaele ʻino i kahi ʻino tropical me nā makani i ʻoi aku ma mua o 63 km / h (39 mph) hāʻawi ka National Hurricane Center (NHC) iā ia i kahi inoa.

I mea e hoʻoholo ai i nā inoa e hoʻohana ai, nā lālā lālā o ka World Meteorological Organization (WMO) e nānā mau nei i nā papa inoa, me nā inoa maʻamau no ka ʻōlelo Pelekania, ʻōlelo Paniolo a me ka ʻōlelo Palani. ʻO ke kaʻina o nā inoa kāne a me nā inoa wahine e hoʻololi i kēlā me kēia makahiki. ʻo kahi laʻana, ma 1995 i hoʻomaka ka papa inoa me Allison a ma 1996 me Arthur.

I kēia manawa, aia he papa inoa he 6 o nā inoa pāholo pāhili, 21 mau inoa no nā ʻino ʻAtelanika a 24 no nā ʻino ma ka ʻĀkau Pakipika. I ka Philippines ʻo PAGASA ia (Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration) e like me ka 2001, hoʻohana ia i ʻehā papa inoa o 25 mau inoa. Pono nā inoa e pōkole a maʻalahi e hoʻomaopopo, ʻaʻole pono e poina hiki iā lākou ke hoʻopili i nā ʻāina he nui. Hoʻohana ʻia kēia mau papa inoa i kēlā me kēia papa makahiki (ʻo ka papa inoa i hoʻohana ʻia ma 2011 i like ia me 2005, koe wale no nā inoa i hemo ʻia).

Inā hoʻohana ʻia nā inoa a pau o kahi papa inoa, i ʻoi aku ma mua o 21 cyclones (24 ma ka ʻĀkau hikina o ka Pākīpika), hoʻomaka ka inoa o nā mea aʻe me ka pīʻāpā Helene: alpha, beta, a pēlā aku. I ka hihia o Pilipino, hoʻohana ʻo PAGASA i kahi papa inoa kōkua o nā inoa ke ʻoi aku lākou i 25.

Mai kēia mau papa inoa, i kekahi mau manawa ke ʻinoʻino ka ʻino a ua nui nā make i make, ua noi ʻia e hoʻopau ʻia kona inoa. ʻO kēia hana o ka mahalo i nā mea i hōʻino ʻia e mālama pū i ka huikau i nā ʻoihana inikua, ka pāpāho, a pēlā aku. ʻO kahi laʻana ma 2005 ka Katrina a i ʻole ka Kawaihae i ka 2012 me nā inoa ʻē aʻe e like me Andrew, Bob, Camille, David, Dennis, etc.

Inā hōʻea kahi ʻino tropical i ko ʻAkelanika hiki ʻana i ka Pākīpika, hāʻawi ʻia i inoa hou. A i ka hihia o Typhoon Haiyan, ʻelua mau ʻoihana ʻokoʻa i hāʻawi i kēlā mau inoa ʻokoʻa ʻelua. ʻO Typhoon Yolanda ka mea i hoʻokumu ʻia e PAGASA.

ʻIke hou aku - ʻO Tacloban, kahi o ka typhoon Haiyan zeroʻO Hurricane Sandy, hoʻokahi makahiki hoʻomanaʻo: nui ka hana, nui e aʻo aiʻO ka makahiki 2013 ka hiku o kou mahanahana ma muli o ka loaʻa o nā moʻolelo

Nānā - NOAA


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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.