ʻEeto Nebula

m16

Ua ʻike mākou aia ma ke ao holoʻokoʻa he nui ka hoʻokumu ʻana o nā hōkū, nā galaxies a me nā nebulae. Ua kapa ʻia kekahi o kēia nebula ʻaeto a ua kaulana loa. Aia ia he 6500 mau makahiki māmā mai ko kākou honua a aia i loko o ka pūʻulu hōkū ʻo Sarpens. Loaʻa iā ia nā hiʻohiʻona kūikawā.

No laila, e hoʻolaʻa mākou i kēia ʻatikala e haʻi iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau e pono ai ʻoe e ʻike e pili ana i ka Eagle Nebula, kona ʻano, kumu a me nā mea hou aku.

ʻIke ʻia o ka Nebula ʻEto

kia hana

Aia he 6.500 mau makahiki māmā mai ka Honua ma ka constellar constellar Serpens, ʻo ka Eagle Nebula kekahi ʻāpana o ka Messier Catalog, a ʻo M16 kona inoa, ʻo ka ʻumikūmāono o nā mea interstellar i ʻike ʻia e nā kilo hōkū. ʻO ka Eagle Nebula he pūʻulu o nā hōkū ʻōpio, ka lepo honua, a me ke kinoea ʻālohilohi.. ʻO kēia puʻupuʻu mea ka iwi kuamoʻo o ka hana ʻana, ʻoiai ua hānau ʻia nā hōkū ʻōpio wela i kēlā me kēia manawa, a make kekahi e hana i nā mea hou.

Ua ʻike ʻia e ka Hubble Space Telescope i ka makahiki 1995, aUa manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia kekahi o nā wahi nani a pohihihi o ka hana ʻana i nā hōkū., e hana ana i ka Eagle Nebula 2 hapa o na Pillars of Creation, no ka mea, ua oleloia ua hanauia kekahi hui hoku mai laila mai.

Hiki ke ʻike ʻia kēia Eagle Nebula e nā telescopes amateur no ka mea ʻaʻole mamao loa mai ka Honua, a ʻo ia hoʻi ke kālai a hoʻomālamalama i ke kinoea e hana i nā kia nui i kekahi mau makahiki māmā ma waena, he mea ʻike ʻia.

Nā kuhikuhi nui

nā hiʻohiʻona o ka nebula ʻaeto

Eia nā ʻano o ka nebula:

  • Aia kona mau makahiki ma waena o 1-2 miliona makahiki.
  • ʻO kēia nebula kahi ʻāpana o ka Emission Nebula a i ʻole H II māhele a ua hoʻopaʻa inoa ʻia ʻo IC 4703.
  • Aia ia ma kahi o 7.000 mau makahiki māmā ma ka ʻāina hana hōkū.
  • ʻIke ʻia ka nila o ke kinoea mai ka ʻaoʻao hikina akau o ka nebula, he 9,5 mau makahiki māmā ka mamao a me ke anawaena o kahi o 90 biliona kilomita.
  • He 8.100 mau hōkū kēia nebula, ʻoi aku ka nui ma ka ʻāpana hikina hikina o nā Pillars of Creation.
  • He ʻāpana ia o ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo Pillars of Creation, ʻoiai ua hānau ʻia nā hōkū hou mai kona hale kiaʻi kinoea i kēlā me kēia manawa.
  • Ua manaʻo ʻia he 460 mau hōkū ʻano hiʻona ʻālohilohi loa 1 miliona mau manawa ʻoi aku ka mālamalama ma mua o ka Lā.
  • E like me ka hānau ʻana o nā hōkū mai kona hale kiaʻi nui, ʻike pū ka Eagle Nebula i nā miliona o nā hōkū e make a lilo i mau hōkū hou.

ʻO ka Eagle Nebula, i kiʻi ʻia paha e nā telescopes a puni ka honua, i kiʻi mua ʻia e ka Hubble Space Telescope i ka makahiki 1995 me ka hanohano o ka Eagle Nebula-5 o kēia nebula, e hōʻike ana i ka hānau ʻana o nā hōkū hou mai kēia mau pou, i loko o nā hui kinoea i kapa ʻia ʻo EGG.

Mai ia manawa mai, ua hoʻohana ʻia ia i mea hōʻikeʻike i ka nani o ko mākou lewa. Ua kiʻi ʻia kekahi kiʻi o ka nebula e ka Herschel Space Telescope a ESA. Hōʻike piha kēia i nā pou o ka hana ʻana, ke kinoea a me ka lepo i hana i kēia nebula.

ʻO kēia nebula, ʻike pū ʻia mai kahi hiʻohiʻona X-ray me ka ESA's XMM-Newton Space Telescope, hoʻolauna iā mākou i nā hōkū ʻōpio wela a me kā lākou kuleana i ke kālai ʻana i ko lākou mau pou.

ʻO nā telescope ʻē aʻe e aʻo ana i ka nebula ʻo ka European Southern Observatory's VTL ma Paranal, Chile, me nā heluhelu infrared, a me ka 2,2-mika-diameter Max Planck Gesellschaft telescope ma ka ʻāina ʻo La Silla o Chile. Hāʻawi kēia mau telescopes iā mākou i nā kiʻi nani loa a hōʻike mai iā mākou i nā mea e hana nei ma kēia ʻāpana o ka lewa.

Pehea e nānā ai i ka Nebula Eagle

nebula ʻaeto

No ka nānā ʻana iā Messier 16, pono ʻoe e loaʻa kahi telescope maikaʻi, loaʻa nā kūlana maikaʻi loa, no kēia mea pono ka lani ma kona wahi pōʻeleʻele, mamao loa mai ka pollution māmā, a loaʻa kahi kikoʻī o ka nebula. ʻAʻole kēia manaʻo ʻaʻole ʻoe e hina i kekahi manawa ke nānā aku i ka nebula.

ʻO kekahi o nā ala maʻalahi loa e loaʻa ai ka M16, ʻo ia ka ʻimi ʻana i ka hui o ka ʻEto a neʻe i kona huelo, Aia mahea ka hoku o Akuila? Ke hiki aku ʻoe i kēlā wahi, neʻe pololei ʻoe i ka constellation Scuti. I kēia pintov, pono ʻoe e neʻe i ka hema a hiki i ka hōkū Gamma Scuti.

Ma hope o ka loaʻa ʻana o ka hōkū Gamma Scuti, nānā ʻoe iā ia. Ma laila ʻoe e ʻike ai i ka pūʻulu hōkū i kapa ʻia ʻo Messier 16, me nā binocular prism ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi a me nā kūlana o kou lani e hiki ai iā ʻoe ke nānā i kona ao, akā me kahi telescope aperture nui hiki iā ʻoe ke nānā i ka Eagle Nebula ma kona maikaʻi loa.

ʻO kekahi moʻolelo

ʻO Jean-Philippe Loys de Chéseaux ka mea kilo hōkū Swiss kekahi o nā mea mua i kūkākūkā i ke ʻano o Olbers. Ua hana ʻo ia i kekahi mau makahiki ma mua o ka hānau ʻana ʻo Heinrich Olbers iā ia iho, akā Ua alakaʻi ka paradox i ka inoa o ka mea hope.

ʻO ia hoʻi ka mea mua i nānā i ka Eagle Nebula, āna i hana ai i ka makahiki 1745. ʻOiai ʻaʻole ʻike maoli ʻo Chéseaux i ka nebula, hiki iā ia ke ʻike i ka pūʻulu hōkū ma kona kikowaena: NGC 6611 (e like me ka mea i ʻike ʻia i kēia manawa). ʻO kēia ka mea mua i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i ka Eagle Nebula.

Akā he mau makahiki wale nō ma hope mai (1774), ua hoʻokomo ʻo Charles Messier i ka pūʻulu i loko o kāna papa inoa a hoʻokaʻawale iā ia ʻo M16. ʻO ka Messier Catalog kahi papa inoa o 110 nebulae a me nā pūʻulu hōkū i hoʻohana nui ʻia e ka poʻe ʻimi hoku i kēia mau lā. ʻO ia paha ka papa inoa kaulana loa o nā kino lani ma ka honua.

He mau makahiki ma hope mai, me ka hoʻomohala ʻana o nā telescopes, ua hiki i nā astronomers ke ʻike i nā ʻāpana o ka nebula e hoʻopuni ana iā NGC 6611 (ka hui hōkū). Ua hoʻomaka ka poʻe e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka nebula, akā ʻaʻole hiki iā lākou ke ʻike i ka ʻaeto. Ua kapa lākou iā ia ʻo Queen of the Stars.

Akā ʻo ka hōʻea ʻana mai o nā kiʻi ʻoniʻoni he wahi huli hou, no ka mea, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā kikoʻī ma mua o ka hiki ke loaʻa i nā ʻike astronomical. Ua ʻike ʻia he mau ʻāpana ʻeleʻele ko ka nebula, nā pulu nui o ke kinoea, a he ʻano like me ka ʻaeto. No laila ua hoʻomaka kēia nebula e loaʻa kahi inoa hou: ʻo ka Eagle Nebula.

Manaʻo wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana i ka Eagle Nebula a me kona ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.