ʻO nā lua pele nui loa ma ka honua

nā lua pele nui loa ma ka honua

ʻO ka maʻamau, aia ma kahi o 20 mau lua pele ikaika e hū ana i kēlā me kēia lā i kēlā me kēia manawa a puni ka honua. ʻO ia hoʻi, ʻaʻole ia he hanana kupaianaha ke koho balota hou e like me kā mākou. E like me nā ʻino, ʻoi aku ma mua o 1000 mau uila e hāʻule i ka hopena o ka lā. ʻO ka nā lua pele nui loa ma ka honua ʻo ia ka poʻe i ʻoi aku ka nui o ka pele a me ka nui.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e nānā mākou i ka haʻi ʻana iā ʻoe i nā ʻano o nā lua pele nui loa o ka honua.

ʻO nā lua pele nui loa ma ka honua

pele i hoʻokuʻu ʻia

Wahi a ka Smithsonian Global Volcanology Program, Aia ma kahi o 1356 mau lua pele ikaika ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa, 'o ia ho'i, 'o ia ka lua pele e hū ana i kēia manawa, e hō'ike ana i nā hō'ailona o ka hana (e like me ke olai a i 'ole ka ho'oku'u kinoea nui) a i 'ole ka lua pele pele, 'o ia ho'i, i nā makahiki he 10.000 i hala.

Aia nā ʻano lua pele like ʻole, ʻoi aku a liʻiliʻi paha nā pele pahū, nona ka mana luku ma muli o nā kumu he nui. Aia nā lua pele ma ka honua, he nui nā lua pele, ka wai, a he ʻano like ʻole ka haku mele honua, akā he aha ka lua pele nui loa ma ka honua?

ʻO ka lua pele ʻo Nevados Ojos del Salado

Aia ma ka palena o Chile a me Argentina, ʻo Nevados Ojos del Salado ka lua pele kiʻekiʻe loa ma ka honua, akā piʻi wale ʻo 2.000 mau mika ma luna o kona kumu. Piʻi ia i 6.879 mau mika ma ka Andes.

ʻO kāna hana hope i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ma Nowemapa 14, 1993, i ka wā i ʻike ʻia ai kahi kolamu hina hina o ka mahu wai a me ke kinoea solphataric no ʻekolu hola. Ma ka lā 16 o Nowemapa, ua ʻike ka poʻe nānā mai ka Livestock Agricultural Service a me ka Maricunga Regional Police Station, 30 mau kilomita mai ka lua pele, ua ʻike ʻia nā pou like ʻole akā ʻoi aku ka ikaika.

Ka lua pele o Mauna Loa

lua pele

ʻO ka piko o ka lua pele pale ʻo Mauna Loa he 2.700 mika ma lalo o ka Ojos del Salado ma Nevada., aka, ua aneane 10 manawa oi aku mamua o ka Andes no ka mea e pii ana ma kahi o 9 mau kilomika maluna o ke kai. Ma kēia ʻano, manaʻo ʻia e ka lehulehu ʻo ia ka lua pele nui loa ma ka honua. Ua ʻoki ʻia kona piko e ka lua o Mokuaweo, ʻo ia ka lua kahiko a nui loa 6 x 8 km lua.

ʻAʻole ia he lua pele i manaʻo ʻia he nui akā he kiʻekiʻe nō hoʻi. ʻOiai aia kekahi mau lua pele ʻē aʻe e pili ana i kēia pūnaewele o nā lua pele e kū nei a puni ka pae ʻāina ʻo Hawaiʻi, ʻo ia kekahi o nā lua pele nui loa. Aia ma luna o ka ʻilikai he 4170 mika kona kiʻekiʻe. ʻO kēia mau ana me ka ʻili a me ka laulā ka huina nui o kahi 80.000 cubic kilomika. No kēia kumu, ʻo ia ka lua pele nui loa ma ka Honua ma ke ʻano o ka laula a me ka nui.

Kaulana ʻo ia no ka lua pele ʻano pale nona nā hiʻohiʻona kūʻokoʻa. He mau kahe kiʻekiʻe e puka mai ana mai nā pele pele kahiko. He lua pele ia i manaʻo ʻia kekahi o nā lua pele ʻoi loa ma ka Honua. Mai kona hoʻokumu ʻana, ʻaneʻane mau ka lua pele, ʻoiai ʻaʻole ikaika loa. ʻO ka mea maʻamau, ua hana ʻia ia i nā mea lōʻihi a loaʻa ke kumu o ia hana a me kona kokoke i nā heluna kanaka. ʻO ia hoʻi, ua hoʻokomo ʻia i loko o ka papahana Volcanoes of the Decade, kahi e hoʻomau ai i ka noiʻi. Mahalo i kēia mau noiʻi, nui ka ʻike e pili ana iā ia.

ʻO Etna

ʻO ka mauna ʻo Etna, aia ma Catania, ke kūlanakauhale nui ʻelua ma Sicily, Italia, ʻo ia ka lua pele kiʻekiʻe loa ma ʻEulopa. ʻO kona kiʻekiʻe ma kahi o 3.357 mika, a e like me ka Italian National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV), ʻO nā pele pele i nā makahiki i hala iho nei ua hoʻokiʻekiʻe i ko lākou kiʻekiʻe he 33 mika i ka manawa pōkole.

Ma hope o 20 mau lā hoʻomaha, ua hū hou ka mauna ʻo Etna i ka Pōʻalua, Kepakemapa 21. Hoʻokele ʻia ka lua pele e ka Smithsonian's Global Volcanology Program, kekahi o nā lua pele kaulana loa o ka honua, i ʻike ʻia no ka hana mau ʻana o ka lua pele, nā lua pele he nui, a me ka nui o ka pele e hoʻopuka mau ai.

Ma kahi kiʻekiʻe ma mua o 3.300 mika, ʻO ia ka lua pele kiʻekiʻe a ākea loa ma ka ʻāina ʻEulopa, ka mauna kiʻekiʻe loa ma ke kai Mediterranean a me ka mauna kiekie loa ma Italia ma ka hema o na Alpes. E nana ana i ke Kai Ionian ma ka hikina, ka muliwai Simito ma ke komohana a me ka hema, a me ka muliwai Alcantara ma ka akau.

Uhi ka lua pele i kahi o 1.600 mau kilomika square, he 35 mau kilomita mai ke kūkulu ʻākau a hiki i ka hema, he 200 mau kilomita ka nui, a he 500 mau kilomita square ka nui.

Mai ka ʻilikai a hiki i ka piko o ka mauna, he mea kupanaha nā hiʻohiʻona a me ka hoʻololi ʻana o ka noho ʻana, me kāna mau mea kupanaha maoli. Hoʻokaʻawale kēia wahi i nā mea hele wāwae, nā mea paʻi kiʻi, nā mea kūlohelohe, nā lua pele, ke kūʻokoʻa ʻuhane, a me nā mea aloha i ka honua a me ka paradaiso. Hōʻike ʻo Eastern Sicily i nā ʻano ʻāina ākea, akā mai kahi hiʻohiʻona honua, hāʻawi pū ia i nā ʻano like ʻole.

ʻO nā lua pele nui loa ma ka honua: supervolcanoes

nā lua pele nui loa ma ka honua

ʻO ka lua pele nui he ʻano lua pele nona ke keʻena pelemaka he kaukani ka nui ma mua o ka lua pele maʻamau a no laila hiki ke hoʻohua i ka pele nui a me ka luku loa ma ka Honua.

ʻAʻole like me nā lua pele kahiko, ʻaʻole lākou he mauna, akā he mau pelemaka ma lalo o ka honua, me kahi lua pele nui wale nō i ʻike ʻia ma ka ʻili.

Aia ma kahi o kanalima lua pele ma ka mōʻaukala o ko kākou honua, e pili ana i nā wahi ʻāina nui. Pela ka mauna Tuba, i hū ma Sumatra 74.000 makahiki aku nei. e luaʻi ana i 2.800 cubic kilomika pele. Akā naʻe, ʻaʻole kēia ka hope loa, ʻoiai ʻo ka mea hou loa i hana ʻia ma New Zealand ma kahi o 26,000 mau makahiki i hala.

Malia paha kekahi o ka lua pele Yellowstone, ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa, nona ka lua pele i hoʻokumu ʻia i 640.000 mau makahiki i hala. nā kolamu lehu a hiki i 30.000 mika ke kiʻekiʻe e uhi ana i ke Kaiwa o Mekiko me ka lepo.

Manaʻolana wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana i nā lua pele nui loa o ka honua a me ko lākou mau ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.