ʻO wai ʻo Alfred Wegener?

ʻO Alfred Wegener a me ke kumumanaʻo o ka ʻauheʻe Continental

I ke kula kiʻekiʻe ua aʻo ʻoe ʻaʻole kū mālie nā ʻāinapuniʻole no ka mōʻaukala holoʻokoʻa o ka Honua. Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē, ke neʻe mau nei lākou. alfred wegener ʻo ia ka ʻepekema nāna i hōʻike ʻāpana ʻaʻano Continental drift ma Ianuali 6, 1921. He noi ia e hoʻohuli i ka mōʻaukala o ka ʻepekema mai ka wā i hoʻololi ai i ka manaʻo o ka ikaika terrestrial. Mai ka hoʻokō ʻana o kēia kumumanaʻo o ka neʻe ʻana o nā ʻāina nui, ua hoʻololi loa ʻia ka hoʻonohonoho ʻana o ka Honua a me nā kai.

E ʻike hohonu i ka moʻolelo pilikino o ke kanaka nāna i hoʻokumu i kēia kumumanaʻo koʻikoʻi a nāna i hoʻokumu i nā hoʻopaʻapaʻa he nui. E heluhelu e ʻike hou aʻe 🙂

ʻO Alfred Wegener a me kāna hana

ʻO ke kumumanaʻo o ka ʻauheʻe Continental

He koa ʻo Wegener i loko o ka pūʻali koa Kelemania, he polofesa meteorology, a he huakaʻi hele mua. ʻOiai ʻo ke kumumanaʻo āna i hōʻike ai e pili ana i ka kālaihonua, ua ʻike ka meteorologist pehea e maopopo pono ai i nā kūlana o nā papa o loko o ka Honua a e hoʻokumu ʻia i nā hōʻike ʻepekema. Ua hiki iā ia ke ho'ākāka mau i ka hoʻoneʻe ʻana o nā ʻāina nui, ke hilinaʻi nei i nā hōʻike kālaihonua wiwo ʻole.

ʻAʻole wale nā ​​hōʻike kālaihonua, akā meaola, paleontological, meteorological a me geophysical. Pono ʻo Wegener e hoʻokō i nā noiʻi hohonu e pili ana i ka pelomagnetism terestrial. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia kēia mau noiʻi ma ke kahua no ke kumumanaʻo o ka tectonics papa. He ʻoiaʻiʻo ua hiki iā Alfred Wegener ke hoʻomohala i ke kumumanaʻo e hiki ai i nā konohiki ke neʻe. Eia naʻe, ʻaʻohe ona wehewehe maopopo e pili ana i ka ikaika e hiki ai ke neʻe iā ia.

No laila, ma hope o nā haʻawina ʻokoʻa i kākoʻo ʻia e ke kumumanaʻo o ʻauheʻe Continental, papa moana a me ka paleomagnetism terestrial, ua puka aʻe nā tectonics papa. ʻAʻole like me ka mea i ʻike ʻia i kēia lā, ua noʻonoʻo ʻo Alfred Wegener e pili ana i ka neʻe ʻana o nā ʻāina a me ka ʻole o ka tectonics papa. He mea weliweli kēia manaʻo ʻoiai, inā pēlā, e hoʻopuka ia i nā hopena pōʻino i ka lāhui kanaka. Eia hou, ua pili i ka wiwo ʻole e noʻonoʻo i kahi ikaika kolosal i kuleana no ka hoʻoneʻe ʻana i nā ʻāina āpau. Ua like kēia me kēia ke kumu o ka hoʻohui hou ʻana o ka Honua a me nā kai i ka holo o ka manawa kālaihonua.

ʻOiai ʻaʻole hiki iā ia ke ʻike i ke kumu o ka neʻe ʻana o nā ʻāina nui, he pono nui kāna i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana i nā hōʻike āpau i kona manawa e hoʻokumu i kēia neʻe.

Mōʻaukala a me nā hoʻomaka

Nā aʻo mua a Alfred

I ka wā i hoʻomaka ai ʻo Wegener i ka honua o ka ʻepekema, pīhoihoi ʻo ia e mākaʻikaʻi iā Greenland. He hoihoi nui kāna iā ia no kahi ʻepekema o kēia au hou: ka Meteorology. Ma hope, ke ana ʻana i nā lauana lewa no ka nui o ka ʻino a ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi o ka makani a me ka pololei ʻole. Eia nō naʻe, makemake ʻo Wegener e ʻimi i kēia ʻepekema hou. I ka hoʻomākaukau ʻana no kāna huakaʻi i Antarctica, ua hoʻolauna ʻia ʻo ia i nā papahana huakaʻi hele lōʻihi. Ua ʻike ʻo ia i ka haku ʻana i ka hoʻohana ʻana o nā kites a me nā pāluna no ka nānā meteorological.

Ua hoʻomaikaʻi ʻo ia i kona hiki a me kāna hana i ka honua o nā aeronautics, a hiki i ke kiko o ka honua i ka makahiki 1906, me kona kaikaina ʻo Kurt. ʻO ka moʻolelo āna i hoʻonoho ai e lele no 52 mau hola me ka ʻole o ka hoʻoki ʻana. Ua uku ʻia kēia mau hoʻomākaukau āpau ke koho ʻia ʻo ia ma ke ʻano he meteorologist no kahi huakaʻi Denemaka i hele aku no ka ʻākau hikina o Greenland. Ua hala ka huakaʻi ma kahi o 2 mau makahiki.

I ka wā a Wegener i Greenland, ua hana ʻo ia i nā ʻano ʻepekema like ʻole e pili ana i ka meteorology, geology, a me glaciology. No laila, hiki ke hana kūpono ʻia e hoʻokumu i nā hōʻike e hōʻole ai i ka ʻauana Continental. I loko o ka huakaʻi he pilikia a he fatalities kona, akā ʻaʻole ia i pale iā ia mai ka loaʻa ʻana o kahi kūlana maikaʻi loa. Ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia he mākaukau mākaukau, a me kahi huakaʻi hele polar.

I kona hoʻi ʻana i Kelemania, ua hōʻiliʻili ʻo ia i nā puke nui o ka meteorological a me ka climatological observations. No ka makahiki 1912 ua hana hou ʻo ia i kahi huakaʻi hou, i kēia manawa no Greenland. Hana pū ʻia ʻO ka mea mākaʻikaʻi Denemaka ʻo JP Koch. Ua holoholo nui ʻo ia i ka wāwae ma ka pāpale hau. Me kēia huakaʻi ua pau kāna mau aʻo ʻana i ka climatology a me ka glaciology.

Ma hope o ka ʻauheʻe Continental

ʻO Wegener Expeditions

ʻ islelo iki ʻia e pili ana i ka mea a Alfred Wegener i hana ai ma hope o ka exposition drift Continental. I ka makahiki 1927, ua hoʻoholo ʻo ia e hana i kahi huakaʻi hou i Greenland me ke kākoʻo o ka German Research Association. Ma hope o ka ʻike a me ka hanohano i loaʻa i ke kumumanaʻo o ka ʻauheʻe Continental, ʻo ia ka mea kūpono loa e alakaʻi i ka huakaʻi.

ʻO ka pahuhopu nui ka le kūkulu i kahi kahua anu ʻae ʻia e loaʻa nā ana o ke aniau i kahi ʻano ʻōnaehana. I kēia ala, hiki ke kiʻi hou aku i ka ʻike e pili ana i nā ʻino a me nā hopena ma nā lele transatlantic. Ua hoʻonohonoho ʻia kekahi mau pahuhopu ʻē aʻe i ke kahua o ka meteorology a me ka glaciology e loaʻa ai ka ʻike i ke kumu o ka neʻe ʻana o nā ʻāina.

ʻO ka huakaʻi nui a hiki i ka manawa i lawe ʻia i ka makahiki 1029. Me kēia hoʻokolokolo ʻana, ua loaʻa kahi ʻike kūpono kūpono no ka manawa a lākou e noho nei. A ua aʻo ʻia ua ʻoi aku ka mānoanoa o ka hau i ka 1800 mika o ka hohonu.

ʻO kāna huakaʻi hope loa

ʻO Alfred Wegener ma ka huakaʻi

ʻO ka huakaʻi ʻehā a me ka hope i lawe ʻia ma 1930 me nā pilikia nui mai kinohi. ʻAʻole hiki mai nā lako mai nā pono o uka i ka manawa kūpono. Ua hele ikaika mai ʻo Winter a he kumu kūpono ia no Alfred Wegener e hoʻāʻo e hoʻolako i kumu no ka puʻuhonua. Ua hoʻopilikia ʻia kēia wahi e ka makani ikaika a me ka hau, a ua haʻalele ka poʻe i hoʻolimalima ʻia ʻo Greenlanders. Hōʻike kēia ʻino i kahi weliweli i ke ola.

ʻO ka poʻe i koe ma luna o Wegener e ʻehaʻeha i ka mahina o Kepakemapa. Me ka loaʻa ʻole o ka lako, hōʻea lākou i ke kahua paʻa i ʻOkakopa me kekahi o ko lākou mau hoa hele a kokoke i ka hau. ʻAʻole hiki iā ia ke hoʻomau i ka huakaʻi. ʻO kahi kūlana weliweli kahi ʻaʻohe meaʻai a wahie hoʻi (aia wale nō no ʻelua mau kānaka mai ka ʻelima mau mea).

ʻOiai ʻaʻole nil nā mea, pono e hele i nā mea i hoʻolako ʻia. ʻO Wegener a me kāna hoapili ʻo Rasmus Villumsen ka poʻe i hoʻi i kai. Hoʻolauleʻa ʻo Alfred kona kanalima piha makahiki ma Nowemapa 1, 1930 a puka i ke kakahiaka aʻe no ka ʻai. Ma loko o kēlā ʻimi ʻana i nā lako ua aʻo ʻia aia he ʻūlū ikaika o ka makani a nā mahana o -50 ° C. Ma hope o kēlā, ʻaʻole lākou i ʻike hou ʻia ke ola. Ua loaʻa ke kino o Wegener ma lalo o ka hau i ka Mei 8, 1931, i wahī ʻia i loko o kāna ʻeke hiamoe. ʻAʻole i loaʻa ke kino o ka hoa a me kāna diary, i kahi o kāna mau manaʻo hope loa.

Aia nō kona kino ma laila, e iho lohi ana i kahi glacier nui, kahi e lana ai e like me ka hau.


ʻO kahi manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   Hugo ia

    Maikaʻi a piha loa nā mea āpau, nā kiʻi, nā ʻōlelo ...