Nā lua pele ma Iceland

lua pele ma iceland

ʻO Iceland, ka ʻāina hau a me ke ahi, he paradaiso maoli. ʻO ka mana anuanu o nā glaciers a me ke ea arctic e hakakā nei me ka wela pahū o ka honua. ʻO ka hopena he honua o nā ʻokoʻa kupaianaha i ka nani hiki ʻole ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia o ka ʻāina ākea. Me ka ʻole o nā lua pele Icelandic, hiki ʻole kēia mau mea āpau. Ka mana o lua pele ma iceland Hiki iā ia ke wehewehe i ke ʻano o kēia ʻāina i ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi ma mua o nā lua pele ʻē aʻe, e hana ana i nā māla pele i uhi ʻia i ka namu, nā pāpū ākea o ke one ʻeleʻele, a me nā piko mauna a me nā lua nui.

No laila, e hoʻolaʻa mākou i kēia ʻatikala e haʻi iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau e pono ai ʻoe e ʻike e pili ana i nā lua pele ma Iceland a me ko lākou ʻano a me ko lākou koʻikoʻi.

Nā lua pele ma Iceland

lua pele i ka hau

Ua hana pū nā pūʻali pele ma lalo o ka ʻili i kekahi o nā mea kupanaha kaulana loa o ka ʻāina, e like me nā pūnāwai wela maoli a me nā geysers pahū. Eia kekahi, ʻike ʻia nā hopena o nā pele i hala ma nā pali i hana ʻia e nā ana pele a me nā kia basalt hexagonal.

He mau tausani ka poʻe i holo i Iceland e ʻike i kona mau lua pele a me nā hana mana a lākou i hana ai a hoʻomau i ka hana. I ka wā o ka pele pele, pono kākou e ʻiʻini i ka manawa e e ʻike i kekahi o nā mea kupanaha loa a kupaianaha ma ka honua. Ke noʻonoʻo nei he mea nui ia i ke ʻano o Iceland a me ke ʻano o ka ʻoihana a me ke ʻano o ka ʻāina, ua hōʻuluʻulu mākou i kēia alakaʻi mana i nā lua pele o Iceland, a ke manaʻo nei mākou hiki iā ia ke pane i nā nīnau āpau āu e nīnau ai iā ʻoe iho. ka mana o keia mau lua pele.

Ehia ka nui?

nā lua pele ma ka ʻāina ʻāina

Ma Iceland, aia ma kahi o 130 mau lua pele hana a me nā lua pele moe. Aia ma kahi o 30 mau lua pele ikaika ma lalo o ka mokupuni, koe wale no ma West Fjords, a puni ka aina.

ʻO ke kumu i loaʻa ʻole ai ka hana lua pele i West Fjords, ʻo ia ka ʻāpana kahiko loa o ka ʻāina nui o Iceland. Ua hoʻokumu ʻia ʻo ia ma kahi o 16 miliona mau makahiki i hala a ua nalo aku mai ka Mid-Atlantic Range. No laila, ʻo West Fjords wale nō ka wahi o ka ʻāina e koi ai i ka uila e hoʻomehana i ka wai ma mua o ka wai geothermal.

ʻO ka hana lua pele ma Iceland ma muli o ke kūlana o ka ʻāina ma ka puʻu waena o ʻAkelanika e hoʻokaʻawale ana i nā papa tectonic ʻAmelika ʻĀkau a me Eurasian. ʻO Iceland kekahi o nā wahi liʻiliʻi o ka honua kahi e ʻike ʻia ai kēia kualapa ma luna o ka ʻilikai. He ʻokoʻa kēia mau papa tectonic, ʻo ia hoʻi, ua kaʻawale lākou mai kekahi i kekahi. I ka hana ʻana pēlā, ʻike ʻia ka pelemaka i loko o ka ʻaʻahu e hoʻopiha i kahi ākea e hana ʻia ana a ʻike ʻia ma ke ʻano he pele pele. Aia kēia hanana ma nā mauna a hiki ke ʻike ʻia ma nā mokupuni lua pele ʻē aʻe, e like me Azores a i ʻole Santa Elena.

Holo ka Mid-Atlantic Range ma waena o Iceland a pau, ʻo ka hapa nui o ka mokupuni aia ma ka ʻāina ʻAmelika. Nui nā wahi ma kēia ʻāina kahi e ʻike ʻia ai nā kualono hapa, me ka Reykjanes Peninsula a me ka ʻāina Mývatn, akā ʻo Thingvellir ka mea maikaʻi loa. Ma laila, hiki iā ʻoe ke hele ma nā awāwa ma waena o nā papa a ʻike maopopo i nā paia o nā ʻāina ʻelua ma kēlā ʻaoʻao kēia ʻaoʻao o ka paka aupuni. Ma muli o ka ʻokoʻa ma waena o nā papa, hoʻonui kēia awāwa ma kahi o 2,5 cm i kēlā me kēia makahiki.

Ka pinepine o ka pele

ʻĀina a me kona mau pele

ʻAʻole hiki ke ʻike ʻia ka pele pele ma Iceland, akā hiki mau lākou. ʻAʻole he ʻumi makahiki mai ka hoʻomaka ʻana o ka makahiki XNUMX me ka pahū ʻole. ʻoiai ʻo ka hikiwawe a ʻoi aʻe paha ka hiki ʻana mai o ia mau mea he mea maʻamau.

ʻO ka pele hope loa i ʻike ʻia ma Iceland i hana ʻia ma Holuhraun i ka Highlands ma 2014. Ua kākau pū ʻo Grímsfjall i kahi pele pōkole ma 2011, ʻoiai ʻo ka lua pele kaulana ʻo Eyjafjallajökull i hoʻopilikia nui i nā pilikia koʻikoʻi i ka makahiki 2010. ʻO ke kumu i hoʻohana ʻia ai ka huaʻōlelo 'ike' ia ma muli o ka manaʻo kānalua ua nui nā lua pele subglacial ma nā wahi like ʻole o ka ʻāina i haki ʻole i ka ʻili hau, me Katla i 2017 a me Hamelin i 2011.

Ma kēia manawa, liʻiliʻi loa ka hoʻoweliweli i ke ola kanaka i ka wā o ka pele pele ma Iceland. He maikaʻi loa nā kikowaena seismic i hoʻopuehu ʻia ma ka ʻāina i ka wānana ʻana iā lākou. Inā hōʻike nā lua pele nui e like me Katla a i ʻole Askja i nā hōʻailona o ka halulu, e kaupalena ʻia ke komo ʻana i ia wahi a e nānā pono ʻia ka wahi.

Mahalo i ka noʻonoʻo maikaʻi o ka poʻe noho mua, ʻoi aku ka mamao o ka lua pele ikaika mai ka nucleus noho ʻia. No ka laʻana, he kakaikahi nā kūlanakauhale ma ka ʻaoʻao hema o Iceland, no ka mea, aia nā lua pele e like me Katla a me Eyjafjallajökull ma ka ʻākau. No ka mea aia kēia mau piko ma lalo o ka glacier, ʻO kāna pele e hoʻoulu i nā wai kahe nui, hiki ke hoʻopau i nā mea āpau ma ke ala i ke kai.

ʻO ia ka mea e like ai ka hapa nui o ka Hema me he wao nahele one ʻeleʻele. ʻOiaʻiʻo, he pāpū ia i hana ʻia me nā waihona glacial.

ʻO ka pōʻino o nā lua pele ma Iceland

Ma muli o ko lākou hiki ʻole ke manaʻo ʻia, ʻo kēia mau kahe wai glacial, i kapa ʻia ʻo jökulhlaups, a i ʻole Spanish ma Icelandic, e mau ana kekahi o nā mea weliweli loa o ka hana lua pele Icelandic. E like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma luna, ʻaʻole ʻike mau ʻia nā pele ma lalo o ka hau, no laila hiki ke hiki mai kēia mau kahe ʻana me ka ʻole o ka ʻōlelo ʻana.

ʻOiaʻiʻo, ke holomua mau nei ka ʻepekema, a i kēia manawa, I ka wā e kānalua ʻia ana ka hiki ʻana mai o ka huahekili, hiki iā ʻoe ke haʻalele a nānā i kahi wahi. No laila, no nā kumu maopopo, pāpā ʻia ke kaʻa ʻana ma nā alanui i pāpā ʻia, ʻoiai i ke kauwela a i ʻole ke ʻike ʻia ʻaʻohe pilikia.

ʻOiai ʻo ka hapa nui o nā lua pele he mamao loa mai nā kikowaena paʻapū, hiki mau nā ulia pōpilikia. I kēia mau hihia, akā naʻe, ua hōʻike ʻia nā hana ulia pōpilikia o Iceland i ka maikaʻi loa, e like me ka mea i ʻike ʻia ma ka 1973 pele ma Heimaey ma nā mokupuni ʻo Vestman.

ʻO Hemai wale nō ka mokupuni i noho ʻia ma ka mokupuni ʻo Vestman, he pae ʻāina pele. I ka hū ʻana o ka lua pele, 5.200 poʻe i noho ma laila. I nā hola mua o Ianuali 22, ua hoʻomaka ka wehe ʻana o kahi māwae ma ka ʻaoʻao o ke kūlanakauhale a naheʻe ma ke kikowaena o ke kūlanakauhale, me ka luku ʻana i nā alanui a hoʻopau i nā haneli o nā hale pele.

ʻOiai ua hana ʻia i ka pō a me ka make o ka hoʻoilo. ua hoʻokō ʻia ka haʻalele ʻana o ka mokupuni me ka wikiwiki a me ka maikaʻi. I ka pae ʻana o nā kamaʻāina me ka maluhia, ua hana pū nā hui hoʻopakele me nā pūʻali koa US i hoʻonoho ʻia ma ka ʻāina e hōʻemi i ka pōʻino.

Ma ke kaomi mau ʻana i ka wai kai i loko o ka pele, ʻaʻole i hiki iā lākou ke hoʻihoʻi hou i ka wai mai nā hale he nui, akā ua pale pū nō hoʻi lākou mai ke pani ʻana i ke awa, e hoʻopau mau ana i ka hoʻokele waiwai o ka mokupuni.

Manaʻo wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana i nā lua pele ma Iceland a me ko lākou mau ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.