Lake Maracaibo

loko maracaibo

El Lake Maracaibo ʻO ia ka ʻelele nui loa o ka ʻāina ʻo Zulia, aia ma ke komohana o Venezuela, ka loko nui loa ma Latin America a ʻo kekahi o nā loko nui loa o ka honua. He mau hiʻohiʻona kupaianaha a koʻikoʻi kona, no laila pono ke ʻike e pili ana iā ia.

No kēia kumu, e hoʻolaʻa mākou i kēia ʻatikala e haʻi iā ʻoe e pili ana i nā ʻano, geology, flora and fauna o Lake Maracaibo.

Nā kuhikuhi nui

lepo loko

Hāʻawi ʻia ʻo Lake Maracaibo i kahi ʻano o nā hiʻohiʻona e hoʻokaʻawale iā ia mai nā loko ʻē aʻe o ka honua, a ma kēia ʻano paha kona ʻano nui loa ʻo ia wale nō ka loko i pili pono i ke kai. ʻOi aku ka nui ma kona ʻākau, hiki mai ke kai moana i nā wai paʻakai, ʻoiai e loaʻa iā ia nā kahe wai maʻemaʻe.

No ke kipa ʻana i nā hiʻohiʻona o ka Lake Maracaibo, hiki iā mākou ke kuhikuhi i kēia mau mea:

  • Aia ia ma ʻekolu mau mokuʻāina o ka ʻāina ʻo Venezuelan: ʻO Zulia, Trujillo a me Merida.
  • Manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia he kowa wai paʻakai semi-paʻa nui.
  • He 13.820 kilomika kilomika kona, he 46 mika ka hohonu, he 3 mika ke kiekie a he 728 kilomita ke kahakai.
  • I ka wā ua, he 110 mau kilomita ka lōʻihi o ka loko, a he 160 mau mika ka lōʻihi.
  • ʻO ia ka loko nui loa ma Latin America a ma kahi o 36 mau makahiki.
  • Hālāwai ʻo ia me ke Kaiwa o Venezuela ma kahi ʻāpana haiki ma kahi o 55 mau kilomita.
  • Hānai ʻia ia e kekahi mau muliwai, ʻo ka Catatumbo ka nui o ia mea, e piʻi ana ma Kolombia, akā aia nō hoʻi nā kahawai: Chama, Escalante, Santa Ana, Apon, Motatan, Palmar, etc.
  • Loaʻa iā ia nā waihona aila nui i loko o kāna mau kīʻaha a ua ʻeli ʻoi aku ma mua o 15.000 luawai mai ka makahiki 1914.
  • Aia kekahi hiʻohiʻona nani i loko o kēia loko, i kapa ʻia ʻo Catatumbo Lightning, ma kahi o 1.176.000 mau uila e hiki mai ana i loko o ka makahiki a he waiwai nui i ka hoʻopiha ʻana i nā papa ozone lewa a pau o ka Honua (i kapa ʻia ʻo Coquivacoa e ka poʻe ʻōiwi).

Klima o ka loko o Maracaibo

haumia o ka loko maracaibo

ʻO ke aniau ma kahi e pili ana i ka Lake Maracaibo he tropical humid, no ka mea, ʻo ka nui o ka wai e piʻi ai ka mahana, no laila ua mahana ka loko, a me ke kūlanakauhale nui.

He pōkole ke kauwela, wela loa a me ke ao, akā lōʻihi ka hoʻoilo, ʻoiai ua mālama ʻia ka wela me nā ao ʻeleʻele. ʻO ka maʻamau, ʻokoʻa iki ka mahana ma waena o ka makahiki ma waena o 28°C a me 40°C.

ʻO kekahi mea e pili ana i ke aniau, ʻo ia ka mea e kū ana ma ka hema o Lake Maracaibo, ua haʻi mua mākou i ka uila Catatumbo, e hōʻike ana iā ia iho he ʻano uila e hāʻule mau ana, e like me kahi hōʻike nui e hoʻomālamalama i ka lewa o ke kūlanakauhale.

Hoʻokumu ʻia ke kumu o kēia ʻoiaʻiʻo ma ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o ka ulu ʻana o ke ao i ka vertically a e hoʻopuka i nā ʻano hoʻokuʻu i ʻike ʻia ma waena o 1 a me 4 km kiʻekiʻe. ʻO kēia ma muli o ka haʻahaʻa kiʻekiʻe ma ka ʻili o ka Lake Maracaibo, i hui pū ʻia me nā ʻano makani a me ke kiʻekiʻe o ka loko loko e pili ana i nā mauna a puni, e pili ana i ka Sierra de Perijá a me Sierra de Perijá Cordillera de Merida.

ʻO kahi hiʻohiʻona hoihoi e pili ana i ka ua ma Lake Maracaibo ʻo ia ka loaʻa ʻana o ka ua ma ka ʻaoʻao hema ma mua o ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau o ke kīʻaha. No kona ʻaoʻao, neʻe ka makani kalepa ma luna o ka wai ma kahi ʻaoʻao hikina-hema komohana.

Heluhelu o ka loko o Maracaibo

E hoʻomaka ana me ka geology o Lake Maracaibo, ʻike mākou he ʻāpana ia o kahi awāwa i hana ʻia i ka wā Jurassic, ʻoi aku hoʻi i ka wā Mesozoic i ka wā i noho ai ka Honua ma mua o 145 miliona mau makahiki i hala. ʻO ka loko, ʻo ia ke ʻano o kahi ʻāwaha tectonic elongated a i ʻole lua lua. mai ka kaawale ana o Pangea, ka inoa i hāʻawi ʻia i ka Honua i ka wā he ʻāina nui ka Honua a ua māhele ʻia e ka neʻe ʻana o nā papa tectonic

Ma hope o kēia, hele ka loko i nā pae like ʻole o ka hoʻokumu ʻana o nā ʻano nui like ʻole, lilo i ʻāpana o ke kai a i ʻole ka maloʻo. Akā aia ma ke ʻano o nā loko wai maʻemaʻe i uka mai ka Pliocene, 2,59 miliona mau makahiki i hala. Hōʻike ʻia ke kahawai ʻo Lake Maracaibo e ʻekolu mau hewa honua: ʻOka-Ancón, Bocono a me Santa Marta, kahi i manaʻo ʻia he pilikia seismic.

E like me kona ʻike honua, Ua hānau ʻia ka loko i ka Miocene ma kahi o ʻelima miliona mau makahiki i hala, me nā hiʻohiʻona o nā mammals i hoʻomohala ʻia, a i ka wā o ka honua e hiki mai ana ua lilo ia i ke kaumaha o kēia manawa, i ʻike ʻia ʻo Lake Po of the Horses. Ua wehewehe ʻia e nā kahawai a pau e kahe ana i loko. ʻO kēia keʻano o ka hanaʻana o ka delta hema o ka loko, ka hui o nā muliwai e like me Escalante, Santa Ana a me Catatumbo.

ʻO ka hiʻohiʻona i kapa ʻia ʻo Lake Maracaibo Depression he lua tectonic e iho mālie i ka piʻi ʻana o ka Sierra de Perijá a me nā Andes.

Ua hana ʻia kekahi mau noiʻi ma lalo o ka lepo kahi i kū ai ke kaumaha, no ka mea, ua manaʻo ʻia kēia he ʻano mea e kū nei ma nā wahi liʻiliʻi loa o ka honua, ma kekahi ʻaoʻao e pohō ai a ma kekahi ʻaoʻao ke kumu waiwai nui loa ma Venezuela. ma waho aʻe o ka hui ʻana i ke Kai Caribbean.

Flora a me nā holoholona

iʻa loko

Manaʻo ʻia ua lawa ka oxygen i ka wai o Lake Maracaibo, ʻo ia ke kumu i waiwai ai i nā algae a no laila i ka iʻa. Hāʻawi ia i kahi ʻano olaola nui o nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona.

ʻO ka ʻauhau o ka loko: nā alligators, herons, shrimp, iguanas, blue crabs, catfish, pelicans, groupers, bocachicos, red mullets, yellow croakers, some curassows and even dolphins. Aia kekahi mau ʻano endemic o ka loko loko, e like me Lamontichthys maracaibero, he iʻa i loko o ka ʻohana Loricariidae e koi ana i ka wai me ka nui o ka oxygen e ola ai.

Ma waena o nā ʻano mea ulu o ka loko, he nui nā mea kanu niu, ʻoiai aia nā ʻano lāʻau ʻē aʻe ma ka ʻāina nui, e like me ka apamate, ka cují yaque, ka vera a me kekahi mau ʻano ʻano ʻē aʻe, e like me ka neem. pili i ka pahuhopu e ho'ēmi i nā wela kiʻekiʻe a pau i loko o ka makahiki no ka mea he mea liʻiliʻi ka wai a me ka mālama, ʻoiai e hāʻawi ana i ka malu.

Manaʻo wau me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana i ka Lake Maracaibo a me kona ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.