Nā holoholona Neogene

Nā holoholona Neogene

I ka Ke au Cenozoic aia kekahi mau manawa. ʻO ia Wā Neogene ʻo ia ka lua o kēia au a hoʻomaka ma kahi o 23 miliona mau makahiki i hala a ua pau ma kahi o 2.6 miliona mau makahiki i hala. I loko o kēia manawa, ua loli ka Honua i kahi loli a me nā loli i ka pae honua a me ka pae o ka meaola. ʻO ka Nā holoholona Neogene Ua loaʻa ia e kekahi o nā hanana nui loa i ka mōʻaukala o ka honua, e like me ke ʻano o nā hominid mua.

I kēia ʻatikala e haʻi aku mākou iā ʻoe i nā ʻano āpau a me ka ulu ʻana o ka holoholona Neogene.

Wā Neogene

Ua hala kēia wā Neogene ma kahi o 20 miliona mau makahiki a ua nui nā loli i ka pae honua a me ka pae o ka meaola. ʻIke ʻia ʻo ia ka manawa manawa i kū mai ai nā hominids mua i ʻike ʻia ʻo Australopithecus. ʻO kēia ʻano hominids pani lākou i nā kūpuna kahiko o ke kanaka.

I loko o ka wā Neogene ua hoʻololi nui ʻia ma ka pae honua e pili ana i ka hana kālaihonua. Ua hoʻomau ka mamao o nā ʻāina ʻo ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa mai nā wahi a mākou i kēia lā. ʻO kēia neʻe ʻana o nā ʻāina ʻo ia ka mea i hoʻololi i ka wai kai a kū aʻe kekahi mau pale kino, e like me ka isthmus o Panama. ʻO kēia neʻe ʻana i nā kālaihonua kahi hanana nui i hoʻohuli i ka emi ʻana o nā mahana ma ka Moana ʻAkelanika.

Hoʻopili kēia mau hoʻololi a pau i ka pae honua a me ka mahana i ka helehelena a me ka hoʻomohala ʻana o kekahi ʻano mea ola. I loko o kēia manawa ʻike ʻia kahi meaola holoholona nui. ʻO nā hui o nā holoholona i hoʻololi i ka hoʻololi nui loa he mau māmeka ʻāina lākou a kai hoʻi, nā manu a me nā mea kolo.

Hoʻolālā o ke ola i ka Neogene

I loko o kēia manawa ua hoʻonui ʻia nā ʻano ola like. Ma muli o ke aniau, ua loaʻa nā mahana terestrial ka mana nui i ka hoʻomohala ʻana a me ka hoʻokumu hou ʻana o nā mea ola. Ua loli nā flora a me nā holoholona i nā loli like ʻole, ʻo ka holoholona ka mea i ʻike i ka loli nui loa. Ua mau ka ulu o ka flora.

Kū ka flora Neogene i waho no ka stagnant ma muli o ke aniau. ʻOiai ʻoi aku ke anuanu o ke aniau i kēia wā, ua kaupalena ʻia ka hoʻomohala ʻana o nā ululāʻau nui a me nā ululāʻau. Eia hou, ʻo kēia kulu o nā mahana ka mea i nalowale o nā wahi nui o lākou. Ma muli o kēia mau ʻano kaiapuni, pono e ulu pono kekahi mau ʻano mea kanu i hiki ke hoʻomaʻa i kahi aniau haʻahaʻa.

ʻO nā mea kanu ke hiki ke ulu ma lalo o nā kūlana ʻoi aku ka hewa i pili i ka ʻohana lau nahele. Kuhi kekahi mau loea i ka wā Neogene e like me nā makahiki o nā mea kanu. ʻAʻole maikaʻi nā mea āpau no nā mea kanu. Ua hoʻokumu a hoʻomohala maikaʻi ʻia kekahi ʻano o ka angiosperms.

Nā holoholona Neogene

E ʻike ana mākou pehea ka hopena o ke aniau a me ka hoʻomohala ʻāina ʻana i ka holoholona Neogene. I loko o kēia wā, ʻokoʻa nā hui like ʻole o nā holoholona, ​​a ma waena o mākou e ʻike ai e like me ka nui o ka hoʻomohala ʻana e like me nā holoholona ʻimi, nā mea kolo, a me nā manu. Ua hoʻomohala nui ʻia nā kaiaolaola kai, ʻo ia hoʻi ka hui o cetaceans.

E kālailai ana mākou i kēlā me kēia hui i nā hui o nā holoholona i hoʻomohala nui aʻe i ka wā o ka Neogene holoholona.

ave

Ma loko o ka hui manu i hoʻomohala nui ʻia kēlā pili lākou i ka hui o passerines. ʻO kekahi o nā manu o ka wā Neogene kekahi i ʻike ʻia he mau manu weliweli. Ua noho kēia pūʻulu holoholona nui ma ka ʻāina ʻAmelika. I kēia lā nā manu o ka hui o passerines ka hui like ʻole a ākea. Mālama ʻia ia me kahi pae kiʻekiʻe o ke ola i ka manawa.

Ma waena o ko lākou ʻano nui he holoholona mākou i ʻike ʻia e ka loaʻa ʻana o nā wāwae e kū ai i ka lālā lāʻau. Hoʻohui ʻia, hiki iā ia ke hīmeni. Mālama kēia mau hiki i ka hoʻokumu ʻana i nā hana moʻo paʻakikī. ʻO ka hui o passerines ka mea i ʻike ʻia ʻo ka hui o nā songbirds. I loko o ka wā Neogene ua hoʻomaka ka hui o nā manu e loaʻa ka ikaika a me ka nui. Mai ka neʻe mau ʻana o nā ʻāina i ke kūlana o kēia manawa, ua ʻano ʻē kēia mau holoholona.

ʻO ka mea nui ma ʻAmelika Hema kahi i loaʻa ai ka nui o nā moʻolelo mōʻalihaku. Hōʻike kēia mau moʻolelo i ka noho ʻana o nā manu nui. Nui ka nui o kēia mau manu akā ʻaʻole hiki ke lele. Eia nō naʻe, lilo lākou i poʻe hōkai nui o kēia manawa. Ua ʻike ʻia kēia hui manu e ka inoa o nā manu weliweli.

Nā holoholona Neogene: māmele

ʻōiwi o ka neogene ulu

ʻO nā māmala kahi hui o nā holoholona i hana i nā loli nui. ʻO kekahi o nā hui i ulu nui i ka nā holoholona na ka ʻohana Bovidae a me Cervidae. I kēia mau hui ʻelua o nā holoholona ʻike mākou i nā kao, nā hipa, nā antelope, nā dia a me nā dia. Ua hoʻonui kēia mau holoholona i kā lākou wahi o ka hoʻokaʻawale ʻana.

Pēlā nō, aia kekahi mau māmela nui ʻē aʻe e like me nā ʻelepani, nā mammoths a me nā rhino i ʻike i ka hoʻomohala nui. ʻAʻole hiki i kekahi o kēia mau ʻano e like me nā mammoth ke ola a hiki i kēia lā ma muli o kekahi mau hoʻololi i hiki mai ma hope.

Pono e noʻonoʻo ʻia i ka Neogene holoholona kū mai kekahi mau primata, kikoʻī nā mōʻī. He wahi nohona ko kēlā me kēia hui primates a ua hoʻololi ʻia i kā lākou kaʻina hana evolution. Ua loaʻa ka hapa nui o nā primates ma ka ʻāina ʻApelika a me ʻAmelika.

I loko o ka Neogene fauna ʻike pū mākou i ka hoʻomohala ʻana o nā māmela nui ʻē aʻe e like me felines a me nā canine. Ua ʻano like ʻole kekahi ʻano o nā bea a me nā hyenas a puni kēia manawa. Ma loko o ka hui o nā māmala, kekahi o nā hanana nui i hana ʻia i loko o ka hanana evolution o ke kanaka. A ʻo ia nō ua kupu mai ka hominid mua a hoʻomohala.

Ua bapetizo ʻia ka hominid mua e ka inoa ʻo Australopithecus. Hoʻohālikelike ʻia ia e ka liʻiliʻi liʻiliʻi a me ka neʻe ʻana o ka bipedal.

Nā Reptiles

ʻO ka mea hope loa, ua hoʻomohala ʻia nā mea kolo i ka holoholona Neogene. Ma waena o lākou ʻike mākou nā rana, toads a me nā moʻo hiki ke hoʻonui i ko lākou mau mana. ʻO kēia ma muli o ka nui o nā meaʻai i loaʻa. Hoʻokumu ʻia kā lākou meaʻai i nā mea kolo, i nui loa.

Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ka Neogene fauna.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.