he aha ke kahawai

hapa o ka muliwai

Aia i loko o ka honua nā ʻano kaiaola e hui pū ana i ka wai maʻemaʻe e hele mai ana mai nā kahawai me ka wai paʻakai mai ke kai. Ua kapa ʻia kēia mau kaiaola he estuaries. Akā naʻe, nui ka poʻe i ʻike ʻole he aha ke kahawai. He kaiaola hui ia nona ke kuleana no ka hui ʻana o nā pūʻulu wai mai nā muliwai a me ke kai. Hoʻopili ʻia kēia mau kino wai e nā wahi ʻāina i kapa ʻia i kahakai a hāmama i ke kai.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe i ke ʻano o kahi lumi laka, kona mau hiʻohiʻona a me kona koʻikoʻi.

he aha ke kahawai

he aha ke kahawai

He mau kaiaola a me nā puʻuhonua nā estuaries no nā ʻano mea kanu a me nā holoholona. Ke hilinaʻi nei kēia mau mea ola i kēia mau kaiaola e ola, hānai a hana hou. Hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā ʻano estuary e like me ka wahi o ke kahe wai. Hoʻopau kēia wai i nā moana, nā kai kūʻono, nā kowao, nā loko, nā māla waina a i ʻole nā ​​kahawai. Hoʻohui ʻia ka wai maʻemaʻe o ke kahawai me ka wai paʻakai o ke kai. ʻO kēia hakakā o ka wai o ka paʻakai like ʻole ka hopena i ka turbidity kiʻekiʻe.

I kēia mau lā, hoʻohana ʻia ka estuary ma ke ʻano he wahi i hoʻohana ʻia no ka leʻaleʻa, ka mākaʻikaʻi a me ka ʻepekema. ʻO kekahi o kāna mau hiʻohiʻona nui ʻo ia kekahi o nā kaiaola waiwai nui loa ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa. Ma ʻaneʻi i hana ʻia ai ka nui o nā mea ola mai nā meaʻai o ka ʻāina i lawe ʻia e nā muliwai, a ma kekahi ʻaoʻao, mai nā meaʻai i lawe ʻia e ke kai.

Ma ke ʻano he ʻōnaehana semi-pani ʻia, ʻo ia ka hoʻololi ʻana i nā mea mai kekahi mau kaiaola pili. ʻO ka maʻamau, he mau wahi pāpaʻu loa lākou, ʻo ia hoʻi, hiki i ka māmā ke komo maʻalahi i ka wai. Ma muli o kēia mau kūlana kaiapuni, ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka wikiwiki o ka photosynthesis i ka estuary. Hāʻawi kēia mau mea a pau i ka hana mua maikaʻi. Pono e hoʻomanaʻo ʻia he nui nā ʻano mea ʻai kanaka e noho ana ma nā estuaries, e like me nā crustaceans, molluscs a me kekahi mau iʻa.

ʻO kekahi o nā hiki o nā estuaries ke mālama i ka nui o ka wai a pale i ke kahe ʻana. Kōkua pū lākou i ka pale ʻana i ka pōʻino kahakai i ka wā ʻino. No laila, he mea koʻikoʻi nō hoʻi lākou i ka hoʻokele heluna kanaka. I kekahi mau hihia, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka wai o ke kahe ʻana o ka muliwai, e hoʻololi ana i ka sediment a me nā mea haumia. Mahalo i kēia au ikaika, maʻemaʻe ka wai.

Pehea lākou e hana ai

he aha ke kahawai a me nā ʻano

Hoʻohui ʻia nā estuaries me ka wai maʻemaʻe e lilo i ʻānā i ke kahe ʻana o ke kai mai ke kai i ke kai kiʻekiʻe. A laila, i ke kai haʻahaʻa, kahe ka wai hou i ke kai. ʻO kēia ka hopena i kahi puʻu nui ma ia wahi.

Hoʻokumu ʻia nā estuaries e ka hui ʻana o ka wai hou a me ka wai paʻakai i nā ʻano kaiaola like ʻole, kahi e hui pū ai nā mea kanu a me nā holoholona e pili ana i kēia mau wahi. ʻO nā estuaries nā wahi hoʻololi kahi e hui ai nā kino wai me nā mea ʻē aʻe ma kahi kokoke i ke kai. He mau wai mahana lākou me ko lākou kaiaola ponoʻī.

Hoʻokumu pinepine nā swamps, akā ma nā ʻāina ʻāina hiki ke loaʻa iā mākou nā mangroves, he mau wahi pohopoho. He ʻano kaiaola like ʻole ko lākou. Hiki iā mākou ke loaʻa i nā kahawai hohonu a ʻoi aʻe paha, me nā wahi mānoanoa a pōhaku paha.

He ʻokoʻa ka fauna, a hāʻawi kēia mau wahi i ka nui o nā mea olaola i ka honua i hiki ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia ka nui me nā ululāʻau a mauʻu paha. Hoʻokumu ʻia nā wahi noho holoholona hihiu koʻikoʻi ma kēia mau wahi, a Hana pū lākou ma ke ʻano he kānana wai.

ʻO ka ʻoihana hoʻokele waiwai o nā ʻāpana kahakai he kikowaena ma nā estuaries ma muli o ka nui o ka nui o nā iʻa, nā iʻa, a i ʻole nā ​​​​algae. He mau wahi kaulana ia no ka mākaʻikaʻi, he mea maʻamau ka nānā manu ma kēia mau wahi, a he mau wahi i hoʻolaʻa ʻia no ka ʻike ʻepekema a me ka hoʻonaʻauao.

ʻano estuary

Aia nā ʻano estuaries ma muli o kekahi mau hiʻohiʻona nui. Hoʻoholo ʻia kēlā me kēia ʻano estuary e ka pilina ma waena o ka nui o ka wai i loko o ka muliwai i ka wā o ke kai a me ka nui o ka wai o ke kai ponoʻī. Mai ʻaneʻi hiki iā mākou ke ʻike i kekahi mau ʻano estuaries:

  • ʻEstuary Wedges paʻakai: Hoʻokumu ia i ka nui o ka wai ma ka muliwai ma mua o ke kai. Ma kēia ʻano, loaʻa iā mākou kahi hui ʻana me kahi ʻāpana hoʻololi lahilahi ma waena o ka wai o ka muliwai ma luna a me ka wili kai ma lalo.
  • ʻO nā estuaries kiʻekiʻe loa: I kēia mau ʻano estuaries, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka wai maʻemaʻe e komo mai ana ma mua o ka wai kai, akā ʻaʻole i like ka nui. Hoʻokumu kēia mau ʻano i ka hui ʻana o ka wai ma waena o nā ʻano wai like ʻole e lilo i papa paʻakai ʻoi aku ka paʻakai i ka lawe ʻana mai o nā nalu i ka wai kai i luna. I ka hui ʻana o nā wai ʻelua, hana lākou i nā papa.
  • Estuary māmā: Estuary kahi i emi ai ka nui o ka wai o ka muliwai ma mua o ka wai kai. Ke hoʻohālikelike ʻia i nā mea ʻelua, ua loli nui ka paʻakai o ka wai ma ʻaneʻi. Ma nā papa luna, e loli ana ka paʻakai, e like me ka papa haʻahaʻa. No ka wikiwiki loa o ke au.
  • Wawai huikau pololei: I loko o kēia ʻano lumi paʻa, ʻaʻole nui ka nui o ka wai hou e pili ana i ka nui o ke kai. Eia ka mana nui o na au locker me ka paakai like. No ka mea, ʻaʻohe hoʻololi wai, ʻaʻohe loli o ka paʻakai. ʻAʻole nō hoʻi nā papa kū i ke kolamu wai.
  • kuahu huli: E pili ana i ke ano o ka muliwai i hoolako ole ia e ka muliwai. No ka mea aia lākou ma nā wahi me ka nui o ka evaporation kiʻekiʻe. ʻO ka evaporation ka mea i ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka paʻakai. Eia kekahi, ma muli o ka nalo ʻana o ka wai, e pohō ana ma muli o ka piʻi ʻana o ka paʻakai no ka mea ʻoi aku ka paʻakai.
  • ʻO nā estuaries manawaleʻa: hiki iā lākou ke ʻano hoʻokahi a i ʻole kekahi, ma muli o ka ua nui i kēlā manawa. Aia ma ʻaneʻi, ma muli o ka nui o ka ua i kēlā me kēia manawa, aia nā koho like ʻole. Inā kiʻekiʻe lākou, ʻoi aku ka nui o ka wai o ke kahawai.

Nā mea ulu a me nā holoholona i mua o ka muliwai

holoholona hihiu

Aia ka mua o ka wai me nā ʻano mea ulu a me nā holoholona. ʻO ka hapa nui o nā ʻano mea kanu he wai. Kū ka ʻohe, ka ʻohe a me ka baguio. Hiki ke loa'a nā kaiaola me nā mangrove ma nā kahawai he nui. ʻO kēia nā ʻano lāʻau i kūpaʻa loa i nā kūlana wai paʻakai. Hoʻololi ʻia lākou i ka lepo pulu a aia ma kahi o 70 mau ʻano mangroves. Kūleʻa nā mangrove keʻokeʻo, ʻeleʻele, ʻulaʻula a hina.

ʻO kahi ʻāpana o nā mea kanu e pili ana me nā mangroves he mauʻu kai. Hiki iā ʻoe ke loaʻa nā wahi o nā pāpū algae a me ka nui o nā phytoplankton. No ka fauna, nui nā ʻano holoholona like ʻole. ʻO ka mea kaulana loa o lākou ka zooplankton, no ka mea, komo maikaʻi ka lā i ka wai.. ʻAi kēia zooplankton i nā iʻa estuarine, ʻoi aku ka herring, sardines a me nā anchovies. Nui nō hoʻi nā molluscs, crustaceans, mammals, manu a me kekahi mau mea kolo.

Hiki ke puka mai ka estuaries ma kēlā me kēia aniau, ʻo ia hoʻi ka wela, ka mahana a i ʻole ke anu, ma muli o ka latitu kahi e kū ai. Eia naʻe, ma muli o kona ʻano kahakai, ua hoʻololi ʻia kona ʻano e ka nui o ka moana. No laila, ʻoiai ma nā wahi anu, ʻaʻole ʻoi loa ka piʻi ʻana o ka piʻi ʻana e like me ko loko.

Manaʻo wau e hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ke ʻano o ka estuary a me kona ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.