Kani ahi

apo ahi pacific

Ma kēia honua, ʻoi aku ka pōʻino o kekahi mau wahi ma mua o nā wahi ʻē aʻe, no laila ʻoi aku ka maikaʻi o nā inoa o kēia mau wahi a manaʻo paha ʻoe e pili ana kēia mau inoa i nā mea ʻoi aku ka pōʻino. Ma kēia hihia, e kamaʻilio mākou e pili ana Kani ahi mai ka Pakipika. ʻO kēia inoa e pili ana i kahi e hoʻopuni ana i kēia moana, kahi e ulu pinepine ai nā ōlaʻi a me nā hana lua pele.

Ma kēia ʻatikala e haʻi mākou iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau e pono ai ʻoe e ʻike e pili ana i ka Ring of Fire, kahi e kū ai a me kāna mau ʻano.

He aha ke apo o ke ahi

lua pele ʻeleu

Ma kēia ʻano kāmaʻa lio ma mua o ka pōʻai puni, ua hoʻopaʻa ʻia ka nui o nā olai a me nā hana lua pele. ʻOi aku ka pōʻino o kēia wahi ma muli o ka pōʻino. Hoʻomaka kēia apo mai Aotearoa a hiki i ke kahakai komohana o ʻAmelika Hema, me ka lōʻihi o 40.000 mau kilomita. Hele pū ʻo ia i ke kahakai holoʻokoʻa o Asia Hikina a me Alaska, e hele ana ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻākau hikina o ʻAmelika ʻĀkau a me Central America.

E like me ka mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma ka plate tectonics, hōʻailona kēia kāʻei i ka ʻaoʻao kahi e noho pū ai ka Pākīpika me nā papa tectonic liʻiliʻi ʻē aʻe i hana i ka mea i kapa ʻia ka crust. Ma ke ʻano he ōlaʻi pinepine a me ka hana lua pele, ua helu ʻia ʻo ia he wahi pōʻino.

Kahi-hoʻomaʻamaʻa

lua pele aia ma ka honua

Hoʻokumu ʻia ke apo o ke ahi Pākīpika e ka neʻe ʻana o nā papa tectonic. ʻAʻole paʻa nā papa, akā e neʻe mau ana. Ma muli o ke komo ʻana o ka convection i loko o ka ʻaʻahu. ʻO ka ʻokoʻa o ka mānoanoa o ka mea e neʻe ai lākou a neʻe i nā papa tectonic. Ma kēia ala, loaʻa ka neʻe ʻana o kekahi mau kenimika i kēlā me kēia makahiki. ʻAʻole mākou i ʻike ma ke ʻano kanaka, akā inā mākou e loiloi i ka manawa geologic, ʻike ʻia ia.

I loko o nā miliona mau makahiki, ua hoʻomaka ka neʻe ʻana o kēia mau papa i ka hoʻokumu ʻia ʻana o ke apo ahi o ka Pākīpika. ʻAʻole i hui pū ʻia nā papa Tectonic me kekahi, akā aia nā hakahaka ma waena o lākou. ʻO ka maʻamau ma kahi o 80 mau kilomita ka mānoanoa a neʻe ma ka convection ma ka ʻaʻahu i ʻōlelo ʻia ma luna.

I ka neʻe ʻana o kēia mau papa, hoʻokaʻawale a hui pū kekahi me kekahi. Ma muli o ka mānoanoa o kēlā me kēia, hiki i kekahi ke poho ma luna o kekahi. No ka laʻana, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā papa moana ma mua o nā papa ʻāina. No kēia kumu, i ka wā e hui ai nā papa ʻelua, luʻu lākou i mua o ka pā ʻē aʻe. ʻO kēia neʻe ʻana a me ka hui ʻana o nā papa i hoʻohua i nā hana honua ikaika ma nā kihi o nā papa. No laila, ua manaʻo ʻia kēia mau wahi i ka hana nui.

Loaʻa nā palena o ka pā iā mākou:

  • palena hoʻohui. Aia i loko o kēia mau palena nā wahi e hui ai nā papa tectonic me kekahi. Hiki i kēia ke hoʻokuʻi i ka pā kaumaha me ka pā māmā. Ma kēia ʻano hana ʻia ka mea i kapa ʻia ʻo subduction zone. Hoʻopili kekahi papa ma luna o kekahi. Ma kēia mau wahi i hana ʻia ai kēia, nui nā lua pele, no ka mea, ʻo kēia hoʻohaʻahaʻa ʻana e piʻi ai ka pelemaka ma ka ʻili o ka honua. ʻIke loa, ʻaʻole hiki kēia i ka manawa koke. He hana kēia i mau piliona makahiki. ʻO kēia ke ʻano o ka hana ʻana o ka lua pele.
  • Nā palena ʻokoʻa. ʻO lākou ke kū'ē pololei o ka convergent. Ma waena o kēia mau papa, aia nā papa i kahi kaʻawale. I kēlā me kēia makahiki hoʻokaʻawale liʻiliʻi lākou, e hana ana i kahi ili kai hou.
  • Palena hoʻololi. I loko o kēia mau kaohi, ʻaʻole i hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā papa, ʻaʻole i hoʻopili ʻia, hoʻoheheʻe wale lākou i ka parallel a i ʻole ka pae.
  • Nā kiko wela. He mau ʻāina lākou i ʻoi aku ka kiʻekiʻe o ka mahana o ka ʻaʻahu ma lalo pono o ka pā ma mua o nā wahi ʻē aʻe. Ma lalo o kēia mau kūlana, hiki ke piʻi ka pelemaka wela i ka ʻili a hoʻohua i nā lua pele ʻoi aku ka ikaika.

Manaʻo ʻia nā palena o ka pā i nā wahi e hoʻopaʻa ʻia ai ka hana honua a me ka lua pele. No laila, he mea maʻamau ka nui o nā lua pele a me nā ōlaʻi i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i loko o ke apo ahi o ka Pakipika. ʻO ka pilikia ke hiki mai ke ōlaʻi i loko o ke kai a hoʻoulu i ke kai eʻe a me ke kai eʻe. Ma lalo o kēia mau kūlana, e piʻi aʻe ka pōʻino a hiki i ka hiki ke alakaʻi i nā pōʻino e like me nā mea ma Fukushima i 2011.

Ka hana pele o ke apo ahi

apo ahi

Ua ʻike paha ʻoe ʻaʻole kaulike ka puʻunaue ʻana o nā lua pele ma ka honua. ʻO ka mea kū'ē. He ʻāpana lākou o kahi ʻāpana nui o ka hana geological. Inā ʻaʻohe hana pēlā, ʻaʻole e ola ka lua pele. ʻO ke olai ma muli o ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana a me ka hoʻokuʻu ʻana o ka ikehu ma waena o nā papa. ʻOi aku ka maʻamau o kēia mau ʻōlaʻi ma ko kākou mau ʻāina Ring of Fire.

A ʻo kēia anei ʻO ka Ring of Fire ka mea nāna e hoʻopaʻa i ka 75% o nā lua pele ikaika o ka honua holoʻokoʻa. ʻO 90% o nā ōlaʻi pū kekahi. Nui nā mokupuni a me nā pae ʻāina i hui pū ʻia, a me nā lua pele like ʻole, me nā pele ikaika. He mea maʻamau nō hoʻi nā pio pele. He mau kaula pele ia ma luna o nā papa hoʻohaʻahaʻa.

ʻO kēia ʻoiaʻiʻo ka mea e pīhoihoi ai ka poʻe a puni ka honua i kēia wahi ahi. ʻO kēia no ka mea he nui ka mana o kā lākou mau hana a hiki ke hana i nā pōʻino kūlohelohe maoli.

Nā ʻāina e hele ai

Aia kēia kaulahao tectonic ākea ʻehā mau ʻāina nui: ʻAmelika ʻĀkau, ʻAmelika Waena, ʻAmelika Hema, ʻAsia, a me Oceania.

  • ʻAmelika Hema: Holo ia ma ke kapa komohana o Mekiko, Amerika Huipuia, a me Kanada, e hoomau ana i Alaska, a hui pu me Asia ma ka Pakipika Akau.
  • ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa: ʻO nā panalāʻau o Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala a me Belize.
  • Amerika Hema: Ma keia teritore, ua uhi ia ma kahi o Chile a me na wahi o Argentina, Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador a me Kolombia.
  • ʻO Asia: uhi ia i ke kapakai hikina o Rusia a hoomau aku ma na aina o Asia e like me Iapana, Philippines, Taiwan, Indonesia, Singapore a me Malaysia.
  • Oceania: ʻO nā mokupuni ʻo Solomona, Tuvalu, Samoa a me New Zealand nā ʻāina ma Oceania kahi e noho ai ke apo ahi.

Manaʻo wau e hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou e pili ana i ka Pacific Ring of Fire me kēia ʻike, kāna hana a me kona ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.