ʻĀina ʻo Bering

ʻĀina ʻo Bering

El ʻĀina ʻo Bering ʻO ia kahi ʻāpana o ke kai e hoʻonui ana ma waena o ka welau hikina o ko ʻAsia ʻāina a me ke komohana ʻākau o ka moku ʻAmelika. Ma ka ʻāpana o ka moku ʻĀkia, komo pū nā ʻāina e like me Siberia a me Lūkia, ʻoiai ma ka ʻaoʻao komohana ʻākau o ʻAmelika e loaʻa iā mākou ʻo Alaska. Ua lilo kēia kaha ma ke kahawai e kamaʻilio ai ma waena o ke Kai Bering ma ka ʻākau a me ke kai Chukotka ma ka hema. He mea nui ia no ka hoʻolālā a me kekahi mau ʻike e ʻike ai.

No laila, e hoʻolaʻa mākou i kēia ʻatikala e haʻi iā ʻoe i nā mea āpau āu e ʻike ai e pili ana i ka Bering Strait a me kāna mau ʻano.

Nā kuhikuhi nui

hana ʻino ʻo Bering

He 82 kilomita ka laulā ʻo Bering Strait a haku ʻia i ka wai anuanu. Ma kahi kokoke i ka hapa kiʻekiʻe o ka hemisphere ʻĀkau he haʻahaʻa ko mākou mau mahana. ʻO kēia ka haʻahaʻa o kona ana wela ma loko o ka makahiki. He hohonu hohonu kona o 30-50 mau mika. Ua bapetizo ʻia me kēia inoa no ka hoʻohanohano ʻana i ka mea mākaʻikaʻi Denemaka ʻo Vitus Bering.

Ma loko o kēia kiki e loaʻa ai iā mākou nā moku ʻelua i ʻike ʻia ʻo ka Diomedes Islands. Māhele ʻia i vi Diomedes Minor a me Diomedes Nui. ʻO ka mea mua ma ka ʻĀpana ʻAmelika ʻĀkau a ʻo ka lua ma ka moku Lūkia. Holo nā mokupuni ʻelua i ka laina loli lā kūwaho e hoʻokaʻawale iā Strait ʻelua. Ma loko o ka mōʻaukala, ua noi ʻia nā hoʻolālā like ʻole no ke kūkulu ʻana i kahi alahaka i hiki ke hoʻohui i nā wēlau ʻelua o ke Kahua ʻo Bering. Penei, hiki iā ʻoe ke ʻae i ke kaʻa e kālepa ma waena o ʻAsia a me ʻAmelika. Ua haʻalele ʻia kēia papahana ma muli o ke kūleʻa ʻana o ke kaula telegraph transatlantic.

Ma hope iho, ua hōʻoia hou ʻia ma 2011 ma ke ʻano he papahana alaloa ma waena o United States, Russia a me Kina. i hiki ke hoʻokomo i kahi alawai 200km lōʻihi ma lalo o ka wai. I kēia lā kēia wahi āpau o ka Bering Strait kahi wahi pūʻali koa i pani ʻia. Hiki iā ʻoe ke kipa me nā passport pono mai ke aupuni Lūkini. ʻO ka maʻamau he mau kaohi koʻikoʻi loa ma luna o ka ʻāina āpau. ʻO nā kauhale Lūkini kokoke wale nō nā kūlanakauhale ʻo Anadyr a me Providéniya.

ʻO ke kumumanaʻo ʻo Bering Strait

nā manaʻo e pili ana i ka hoʻonui ʻana o ke kanaka

Nui a hewahewa nā manaʻo e pili ana i ka Bering Strait. A ʻo ia ka mea he nui o ka poʻe loea i hōʻoia i hiki i kēia kiki ke hāʻawi i ka noho ʻana i ʻAmelika. Nui nā manaʻo e pili ana i ka neʻe ʻana o ke kanaka mai ʻAsia a ʻAmelika i ka wā kahiko. ʻO ka hapa nui o kēia mau kumumanaʻo i hiki ke pane a ʻo ia ka Selina Bering. ʻO ka pae haʻahaʻa o nā moana i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka wā hau a i ʻole ka wā hau e hōʻike i kahi ākea o ka ʻāina e pili ana i nā ʻāina ʻelua. Penei, Ua neʻe paha kekahi kūpuna kanaka.

ʻO ia kekahi o nā kumumanaʻo e pili ana i ka hoʻonui ʻana o ke kanaka mai ka ʻāina ʻAsia a i ka moku ʻAmelika. ʻO ke alahaka kūlohelohe e kapa ʻia ʻo ka Bridge Bridge Beringia. Inā he ʻoiaʻiʻo kēia kumumanaʻo, hiki paha i kēia kahakaha ke hoʻokau i ka noho kolone ʻana o ka ʻāina holoʻokoʻa o ʻAmelika a, ma mua o nā mea āpau, i kahi evolution e pili ana i kona mau hoahānau ʻEulopa a me ʻAsia. I ka piʻi hou ʻana o ka mahana o ka honua, nalowale kēia ala a hehee wale i ka lewa. Ua hoʻonui hou ke kai i kona pae a ua komo i loko o kahi kumu maoli ma waena o nā ʻāina. Ma kēia ala, hoʻokaʻawale ʻia nā poʻe noho ʻAmelika a he kumumanaʻo ia e kūkākūkā mau ʻia nei i kēia lā e nā poʻe loea o ke kula.

Pēlā e ulu kūʻokoʻa ai ka poʻe ʻAmelika i ko ʻEulopa a me ko ʻAsia.

ʻO nā mea olaola o ka moana ʻo Bering

uniona ma waena o nā moku

E like me kā mākou i ʻōlelo ai ma mua, aia kēia wahi i ke kai ʻo Bering. He kai ia i loaʻa i nā ʻano holoholona he nui a me nā mea kanu. Ua manaʻo ʻia ma ke kaiaolaola kai me ka nui nui. Loaʻa nā wahi arctic āpau a puni kēia kika i ke ola o nā mea ola. ʻO kēia no ka mea hiki ke loaʻa kāna wai i ka lehulehu o kai mammal, mollusks, crustacean, iʻa a me nā holoholona ʻē aʻe o kahi nui microscopic.

Aia he 160 a ʻoi paha o nā limu lana e loaʻa ana ko lākou kaiaolaola i ke kai ʻo Bering. ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻike mākou i ka limu ʻeleʻele nunui i hiki ke hana i nā ululāʻau lush i kekahi mau wahi wai. Aia ma kahi o 420 mau iʻa i kōkua i ka hoʻolaha ʻana o ka lawaiʻa a me ka ʻoihana me ia. Eia nō naʻe, aia kekahi mau hopena a hoʻoweliweli e hoʻopili nei i ke kai ʻo Bering.

Hoʻopilikia nui ʻia ka Moana ʻo Bering e ka hopena o ke kanaka, a ʻo ia pū kekahi e pilikia ai ma ka moana. He wahi ʻino ia i nā pilikia o ka nohona a me nā hopena maikaʻi ʻole o ka hoʻomehana honua. No laila e ala aʻe ke kumumanaʻo o ke kaha ʻo Bering i ʻōlelo ʻia ma luna. ʻOiai he wahi kokoke i ke Kai Arctic ʻoi aku ka maʻalahi ma muli o ka hopena o ka piʻi ʻana o ka pae wai i ka hopena o ka hoʻoheheʻe ʻana o nā pāpale hau polar.

Ka hoʻohaumia

Hāʻeha pū kekahi ʻo Bering Strait i kahi kaʻina haumia ma muli o nā ʻano hana like ʻole o ke kanaka. Hoʻopilikia ka lawaiʻa ʻana mai ka hoʻohana ʻana a me nā pilikia nui i hoʻoili ʻia i nā ʻano he nui. ʻO kahi laʻana, he kūlana koʻikoʻi ka wahi komohana loa o ka lawaiʻa lawaiʻa ʻana a me ka lawaiʻa kū kānāwai ʻole.

Ua hoʻohaumia ʻia kekahi mau ʻāpana o kēia kai me ka nui o nā ʻōpala a me nā mea ʻona o ka nui microscopic. ʻO ka pilikia o kēia mau mea ʻoi aku ka paʻakikī o ka hoʻopau ʻana. ʻO nā biphenyls polychlorinated, nā pollutants keu mau, nā laha o ka mercury, kēpau, selenium, a me cadmium i loaʻa i ke kino o nā holoholona kai. ʻIke pū kekahi mākou i kekahi mau hopena i hoʻopuka ʻia e ka holo kai hoʻopilikia lākou i ke ola kai a me kahi makaʻu nui i ka ninini ʻia o ka aila.

E like me kāu e ʻike ai, paʻa kēia kuhi i nā curiosities a me nā kumumanaʻo e hiki ai ke hōʻoia i ka hiki i ke kanaka ke hoʻonui i ka mahalo i kona alo. Lana koʻu manaʻo me kēia ʻike hiki iā ʻoe ke aʻo hou aʻe e pili ana i ka Bering Strait a me kāna mau ʻano.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.