The human being does not tire in the search for life on another planet in our solar system and in the universe. Mars is a planet that has been and will always be the objective of the search for a planet to live on. And it is to be expected when what we call the red planet was covered with rivers and oceans. Currently we have the robot called Mars perseverance which is in charge of extracting information about the planet thoroughly.
In this article we are going to tell you everything you need to know about Mars perseverance and its characteristics.
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Explore the planet Mars
More than 40 years of exploration have provided us with a more detailed look at the evolution of the Martian landscape some 3.500 billion years ago, but many of its mysteries are still unfathomable. From this data, we can see people's interest in the red planet. Three missions sent by three countries coincide on the red planet this month: China, the United Arab Emirates and the United States. Your space agency has designed a new type of scout plane called the Mars perserverance. He will be in charge of finding signs of past life on Martian soil.
The Rover was launched in July 2020 and aims to fly over the Earth's surface for at least one Mars year, which is roughly equivalent to 687 Earth days. It has a computer system with greater data processing capabilities.
Among all the instruments, two devices will play a particularly important role in the process of searching for signs of life in the past: the so-called SHERLOC will be in charge of detecting minerals and organic substances. PIXL's task is to map the chemical composition of rocks and sediments. These two tools will analyze these functions together with a greater level of detail than any Mars Rover to date.
The car will scour the surface of the red planet to search for rock samples from an impact crater with a diameter of 45 kilometers. The crater is located in Jezero, the northern hemisphere of Mars, it was formed about 4 billion years ago and is believed to contain a lake. The measurement and collection of samples will help to explore the mysteries of its geological structure and check if its sedimentary layer can contain fossil microorganisms. Mars perseverance works in conjunction with a small helicopter named Ingenuity, which it will help to verify if these vehicles can fly in the fine Martian atmosphere.
One of the songs that this robot incorporates is a large number of cameras that can obtain image quality on the surface of Mars. There are many more cameras than have been used in any other interplanetary mission. Specifically, we found 19 cameras that are located in the vehicle itself and another 4 in the parts of the descent and landing modules. In this way, it manages to take different forums on the landing and they are images that can be processed to increase their quality.
Cameras called Mastcam-Z are capable of zooming in on rock textures as far as a soccer field. On the other hand, it also has SuperCam cameras that they can use a laser that impacts on the remains of the rocks and regoliths. These are layers of orchard rocks and mineral fragments found on the surface of the red planet. The main objective of these chambers is to study the composition of the resulting vapor. A built-in radar uses waves to be able to explore underground geological features.
Landing of Mars perseverance
The landing of Mars perseverance can have several errors. And it is that an emission of more than 6 months is going to culminate, although the last 7 minutes are the crucial ones. Rooms corresponding to the final section of the trip and corresponds to its landing. The robot emitted a radio alert as it entered the thin atmosphere of Mars. The problem is the distance from the planet to the earth. And it is that when the signal reaches the laboratory located in Los Angeles, the fate of the robot is already cast.
The rover took less time to descend from the atmosphere of Mars to the surface of the planet. It is how long it takes for the signal to reach the ground and is estimated to be around 11 minutes. This time frame is about 7 minutes and It is known by engineers as the "7 minutes of terror". It is what makes the difference between the success or failure of the exploration mission on the planet Mars.
The Rover not only collected impressive images and rock samples from the Martian soil. In addition, it will incorporate a record that has never been recorded: the sound recorded on the surface of Mars.
Sound of the red planet
The Mars perseverance combines a pair of microphones that will deliver unique sound recordings, including landing moments and explorer robot research work.
However, because the surface density of the Martian atmosphere is only 1% higher than that of the Earth's atmosphere, and the composition is different from our atmosphere, it affects the emission and propagation of sound, so it sounds different from the sound on the red planet. One of the milestones in the history of the exploration of the universe is knowing the sound of this planet. It was quite a discovery when the Mars perseverance was able to show the sound of this planet.
The entire descent process is automated, and since communication with Earth takes more than 11 minutes, the robot had to fend for itself during the operation.
The ship the robot is on has a tapered tail and the bottom is sealed by a heat shield. The temperature on the outer surface of the shield can reach about 1300 degrees Celsius. This makes it able to withstand high temperatures of both the surface and the atmosphere of the red planet.
As you can see, the advancement in science is not providing great information about the planets of the solar system. I hope that with this information you can learn more about the Mars perserverance and its characteristics.