Difference between Sunstroke and Heat Stroke, how to defend ourselves from them

tomar el sol

Days like today in which we wake up with many autonomous communities with alerts for high temperatures, it is just when our body is most vulnerable to heat. There are many tips and advice to mitigate the effects that it has. Hydrate ourselves, not expose ourselves in the central hours to exercise or work, etc.

The truth is that heat, although directly, does not always do it in the same way, it is not one-sided. For this reason, we are going to see what difference there is between heat stroke and heat stroke. Both of them are acute and dangerous disorders in which the body's heat regulation system does not work.

Heat stroke

Heatstroke occurs when the body is at a high temperature for a long time. What happens in this case is that the body is unable to lose heat properly, and is unable to restore its normal temperature. Heat exhaustion is a mild disorder and can be accompanied by heat cramps. For example, sudden, painful muscle spasms in the arms or legs and occasionally in the abdomen.

Person having heat

To be able to speak of heat stroke, the person's body temperature must be at 40ºC or more due to environmental heat and weak or in the worst cases, non-existent thermoregulation. It is important not to confuse it with a fever, because at this point it is not the body that is raising its temperature to fight an infection. You simply cannot download it.

The insolation

Heatstroke or sun stroke, which is easily confused with heat stroke, It comes from prolonged exposure to the sun. It can be preceded by heat stroke, which is caused by the excessive loss of fluids and mineral salts through sweat. This causes a strong weakness in the body. This is when heat stroke turns into heat stroke, when the body is no longer able to maintain a normal temperature.

Causes of heat stroke or heat stroke

drink water beach

Prolonged exposure to high temperature environments. In this case, we are talking about the common heat stroke, which is not induced by physical effort. The continuous high temperatures together with humid environments, favor its occurrence. It also usually occurs in long periods of time, from two or three days.

Due to efforts and physical activity in high temperatures. In a warm environment, where physical activities or work are practiced, it is when we have this type of disorder due to forcing too much on the body. In addition, if people are not used to high temperatures, the more likely they are to suffer from its effects.

Many other causes must also be taken into account. A non-breathable clothing that prevents the evaporation of sweat so that the body cools down. He consumption of alcoholic beverages that affect a thermal dysregulation of the body preventing it from working properly. AND by dehydration, not having sufficiently hydrated due to the loss of fluids through sweat. For everyone in general, but especially for athletes, the point of hydration is of vital importance. When losing fluids at a very rapid rate, it is important to drink before you feel thirsty, and that is until the body absorbs fluids, there is a time frame to consider.

Factors riesgo

cycling bike

Although it is something that can happen at any age, children, babies and the elderly are the most vulnerable. Under 4 years old or over 65 years old they usually take longer to adjust to the temperature.

Athletes who play sports during the peak hoursntas, like running or cycling. In these cases, to prevent it from happening, as we have commented, hydration is very important.

In prolonged periods of time at high temperatures, lack air conditioning. Sudden exposures to the sun like when we go to the beach.

Chronic diseases, such as pulmonary, cardiac or obesity, having lifestyles or having been the victim of a previous heat stroke, the numbers of suffering one increase.

And to finish, it is important to highlight some drugsIt is important to see the leaflet or ask the pharmacist. There are some that cause constriction of blood vessels. Those that regulate blood pressure by blocking adrenaline. Diuretics that release sodium and water into the body. And some that reduce psychiatric symptoms, such as antidepressants or antipsychotics.

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