Ama-Avalanches

izinhlobo zamaqhwa eqhwa

Impela wake wezwa noma wabona okuthile avalanche de nieve noma amadwala. Kumafilimu amaningi noma kumadokhumentari ungabona ukuthi ama-avalchi angadala kanjani ukubhujiswa okuningi kanye nokufa okuthile ngenxa yokungcwatshwa nokucinwa umoya. Kule ndatshana sizokwazi ngokujulile ukuthi ama-avalanches akha kanjani nokuthi iba namiphi imiphumela. Ingabe ikhona indlela yokunqanda noma yokuvimbela lezi zinto?

Uma ufuna ukwazi kabanzi ngayo, kufanele uqhubeke nokufunda le ndatshana ngoba sizokutshela konke ngokuningiliziwe.

Incazelo nezimpawu

ama-avalchi amancane

Ngaphambi kokwazi ukuthi ingaba namiphi imiphumela noma ukuthi ingamiswa kanjani, kubalulekile ukuthi wazi ukuthi yini i-avalanche. Okuvame kakhulu ukuthi yi-avalanche yeqhwa. Ingabe mayelana inqwaba yeqhwa okuthi, ngenxa yokuqongelela kwalo, ligcine liwile ezintabeni. Ithambeka kanye nokuqongelela kweqhwa okwenza iqhwa ligudle isisindo salo. Masingakhohlwa ukuthi amandla adonsela phansi aqhubeka nokwenza umsebenzi wawo futhi adonsela phansi lonke lelo qhwa liye phezulu kakhulu.

Izici eziyinhloko zama-avalchi ukugeleza okusheshayo nejubane ezihamba ngalo. Kungaba amaqhwa eqhwa, amadwala, umhlaba, iqhwa, njll. Uma sikhuluma ngodaka lwamatshe kuyisethi yamatshe emthambekeni okuthi, ngoba isimo sezulu ngokomzimba noma ngamakhemikhali, kugcina kuqhekeka futhi kunqamule ngenxa yomphumela wamandla adonsela phansi.

Kubantu abaningi kungomunye wemicimbi yemvelo ehlaba umxhwele kakhulu ukubona, kepha ngasikhathi sinye iyingozi kakhulu. Abashushuluzi abaningi bayakwazi ukwehla ekwehleni ngejubane elikhulu nangobuciko. Noma kunjalo, ijubane lapho iwa leqhwa liwela khona lishesha kakhulu.

Uma isisindo seqhwa singazinzile futhi sakhiwe emthambekeni, lapho siwa, isivinini saso siyanda njengoba sehla siphezulu. Umsindo owenzayo mkhulu futhi unanela kwezinye izintaba. Lapho igcina icwila phansi lapho ithambeka lehle khona, ibangela ifu elikhulu lezinhlayiya zeqhwa ezibangelwa umthelela. Lezi zinhlayiya zeqhwa zigcina zisakazeke emoyeni zincibilike.

Izimbangela ze-avalanches

ukudilika okukhulu

Amaqhwa eqhwa angaba nesisindo esingamathani ayisigidi. Cabanga ukuthi ushibilika ngokushelela ujabulela ukubukwa futhi i-adrenaline eyehla ngesivinini esikhulu ibanga bese uthola ukuthi uxoshwa amathani ayisigidi eqhwa. Umphumela uba muncu. Iningi labashushuluzi abashaywa i-avalanche yeqhwa bafa bangcwatshwe kulo.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, awugcini nje ngokufa ngoba ungcwatshwe, kepha kufanele ucabangele ukuthi amathani ayisigidi aqandisiwe futhi uhlushwa yi-hypothermia. Kepha yini ebangela ukuthi kwenzeke i-avalanche? Ukuze umcimbi omkhulu kangaka ubekhona, kudingeka inani elikhulu leqhwa. Isithwathwa esifakwe emthambekeni siyimbangela ephelele yokuwa komhlaba.

Imvamisa zakha emithambekeni nge i-engeli yokuthambekela phakathi kwama-degree angama-25 kuye kwangama-60 emthambekeni. Kulesi simo lapho, lapho iqhwa ligcinwa khona, lingagudluza ngamandla adonsela phansi. Kepha esinye futhi isithako siyadingeka ekwakhekeni kwe-avalanche futhi lokho ukuthi kube nesiphepho seqhwa esikwazi ukugcina cishe amasentimitha angama-30 eqhwa kungqimba olungaphezulu ngesikhathi esifushane. Isithwathwa kufanele sigcinwe okungenani amahora angama-24 ukuze, ngokuxinana, ikwazi ukuhlehla njengoba sikala ngokuya ngokuya.

Izibopho eziphakathi kwezendlalelo zeqhwa kufanele zibe buthakathaka ukuze zikwazi ukungazinzi. Kuvamile ukuthi, lapho iqhwa liminyene, kunengqimba engazinzile ngokwengeziwe. Ukushintsha okungazelelwe kwesimo sezulu kule ndawo kuyimbangela yama-avalanches. Kungaba futhi ukuwa kwesihlahla, ukuzamazama komhlaba okuncane noma imisindo ephezulu kakhulu efana nesikhulumi esinobulungiswa noma esikhulu.

Izinhlobo nemiphumela yama-avalchi

iqhwa lempuphu yeqhwa

Lapho amathani ayisigidi eqhwa ewela phansi ekugcineni ayaqina. Ngokuya ngezinhlobo ze-avalanche ezilawulwa ngamandla nezinye izici, kuye kwahlukaniswa ngezigaba ukwenza ukuqashelwa kwazo nokutadisha kube lula. Sizihlukanisa zibe:

  • I-Plate avalanches. Lawa akhiwa ngenxa yezingqimba ezibuthakathaka zeqhwa ezitholakala engxenyeni engezansi yezintaba futhi, lapho kuqhekeka, indawo enkulu yeqhwa ishibilika emthambekeni.
  • Izikhukhula zeqhwa ezimanzi. Lezi yilezo lapho iqhwa lihamba khona ngesivinini esiphansi, kepha iqhwa liminyene kakhulu.
  • Ama-avalandi eqhwa le-powder. Lolu hlobo yilona olwakha ifu elikhulu lothuli lweqhwa olushibilika ngejubane elihamba amabanga amade.

Kunemithelela emibi eminingi ebangelwa ukudilika kweqhwa lapho kwenzeka endaweni. Okokuqala nokubaluleke kakhulu ukungcwaba izindawo ezinkulu zomhlaba lapho kungakhiwa khona abantu, izilwane, izitshalo, izakhiwo, njll. Icekela phansi ingxenye enkulu yemvelo etholakala kuyo futhi, okumangazayo ukuthi, ingadala kuvunguza umoya onamandla lapho kuhlanganiswa umoya.

Imiphumela ebonakalayo ukubhebhetheka kwezimoto, ukuwa kwezihlahla nokucekelwa phansi kwezakhiwo. Yimicimbi eyingozi impela okufanele igwenywe ngazo zonke izindlela.

Curiosities

ukuwa kwe-avalanche

Ingozi yama-avalchi iyakhula lapho abashushuluzi beqhwa begcwele ngokugcwele futhi behlangabezana nenye yalezi zenzakalo. Lokhu kunzima kakhulu ukuvimbela nokubikezela, ngakho-ke uma umangele futhi iqhwa ligeleza ngokushesha, usuqedile. Kodwa-ke, nazi ezinye izifiso ezihlobene nale ndaba:

  • Njalo ngonyaka kufa abantu abangaphezu kuka-150 ngenxa yeqhwa.
  • Kungenzeka ukutakula labo abathintekile uma ususa ngaphakathi ku isikhathi semizuzu eyi-15 esinamathuba empumelelo angama-93%.
  • Kwakunamasosha amaningi abulawa izikhukhula zeqhwa kunangegesi yoshevu eMpini Yezwe I.
  • Isikhathi sonyaka lapho zivame kakhulu sisebusika nasentwasahlobo.

Ngiyethemba lolu lwazi lusiza ukuthi ufunde kabanzi ngale ndaba.

 


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.