IHYPERCAN: Isiphepho esinamandla kunazo zonke esingaba khona!

isiphepho esivela emkhathini

IHypercan, lelo yigama ososayensi abaliqambe igama lokuthi kungaba yini isiphepho esikhulu kunazo zonke esingaba khona eMhlabeni, kugaywa isigaba 5 esikhombisa ubukhulu bokuhlukaniswa kwesiphepho ngokwesikali sikaSaffir-Simpson. Akukaze kwenzeke, kepha ubukhona bayo abunakunqatshwa, yize kulokhu, kufanele sibe phambi kwezimo eziqondile impela. Umbono ukhombisa ukuthi uma izimo ezinjalo bezikhona, iHypercan ingakhiqizwa, futhi cha, asikulungele.

IHypercan iSiphepho seMega esine Imimoya engu-800km / h, isivinini esiseduze kakhulu nejubane lomsindo ka-1235km / h. Ukuthola umbono, sizoba nomoya ofanayo okhishwa yibhomu le-athomu, eduze nendawo yalo yokuqhumisa. Le mimoya ibizoqhubeka ngokucekela phansi yonke into esendleleni yayo, ngezinga lentukuthelo engakaze ibonwe ngaphambili. Kungabonakala njengokude kakhulu ukuthi ungacabanga ngakho. Impela kunjalo, kepha kunezimo eziningi ezingenzeka ezingaba khona.

Imibandela yokuthi iHypercan yenzeke

isiphepho edolobheni

Lesi siphepho esikhulu ingazalwa ngokuhlanganiswa kokushisa komhlaba ezilwandle zika-48ºC. Kuzodingeka ukuthi kushise kakhulu emhlabeni wethu ukuze izilwandle nolwandle kubhalise lawo mazinga okushisa. Kepha kuphela ngentaba-mlilo enkulu eqhuma ngaphansi kolwandle, okwenza amanzi ashise, kungaba ngesinye sezizathu ezingadala la mazinga okushisa afanele ukwakheka kwawo.

Enye indlela kungaba ukufudumala ngokuwa kwe-meteorite enkulu emanzini, lokho kungenye futhi indlela engenza ukuthi izinga lokushisa likhuphuke. Yize lokho kungenzeka kukude kakhulu. Lokhu okurekhodwe nge-supervolcano eyaqhuma emanzini angaphansi kwamanzi eminyakeni engaba yizigidi ezingama-250 edlule. Izinhlobo eziningi ezazikhona ngaleso sikhathi zaqothulwa.

Ukufudumala kancane kancane nokuqhubekayo kwamanzi ngenxa yokushintsha kwesimo sezulu. Yize amazinga okushisa aqoshiwe angama-35ºC emanzini eyi-13ºC kusuka ku-48ºC azodingeka, ukufudumala okuqhubekayo kwawo kungaba omunye umphumela. Amanzi afudumele ngokwengeziwe, maningi amathuba okuba neziphepho nodlame oluningi.

Izingozi ezingaba khona zeHypercan

iso lesiphepho

Ngeke nje beze ohlangothini olulodwa, iHypercan yinto engaba nemiphumela ehlukile ekulinganisweni kwayo. Ngaphandle kokusobala, izoguqula izimo eziningi zezulu. Okulandelayo ngokungangabazeki kuzoba okufanele kakhulu.

Imimoya

Njengoba sishilo, esinye sazo imimoya yeziphepho enkulu ezoba khona. Umoya omude we-800km / h uzoba esikalini seFujita-Pearson, izinga le-F9. Ngokwesilinganiso sayo, njengamanje kunezikali:

  • Izinga F0 (imimoya ka-60/117 km / h): Imnene. Amagatsha ezihlahla ayaphuka, udoti endizayo.
  • F1 (117/181 km / h): Maphakathi Bangakwazi ukuphula amathayili, ukushaya amakhethini, ukuhambisa izimoto, ukuguqula ama-trailer, ukucwila kwemikhumbi, ukuphula izihlahla.
  • F2 (181/250 km / h): Kuyabazeka. Uphahla lwezinye izindlu luphakanyisiwe, ama-trailer, amabhasi, nezinye izakhiwo ezibuthakathaka zingabhidlizwa. Kulolu hlobo lomoya, izimoto zezitimela zingaphambuka.
  • F3 (251/320 km / h): Ithuna. Izihlahla ezisiphuliwe, izindonga nophahla lwezakhiwo eziqinile nakho kungasiphulwa.
  • F4 (321/420 km / h): Iyakhathaza. Izitimela, amaloli angaphezu kwamathani angama-40, angaphonswa emoyeni.
  • F5 (421/510 km / h): Konakalisayo kakhulu. Ngomoya ofana namandla abhubhisa ngawo ibhomu le-athomu. Izakhiwo zonke zidabukile emhlabathini bese ziqhunyiswa.
  • F6 (511/612 km / h): Ukulimala kucishe kungacabangi. Kwabhalwa isiphepho e-Oklahoma ngo-1999 ngezikhathi zezinkanyamba ezinesilinganiso esingu-512km / h esiqoshwe phansi.

Akudingeki ukuthi, I-F9 izoshiya indawo yokuchithwa okungaka, ebesingeke sikwazi ukuyichaza noma siyibone.

Usayizi kanye nohlelo lomkhathi

Imisebe yelanga

Yize ibizoba nendawo encane yesiphepho engu-25km ^ 2, imisinga yayo yomoya ingafinyelela phezulu kakhulu emoyeni kuneziphepho ezijwayelekile. Uhlelo lwasemkhathini beluzoba ngosayizi we-United States. Iso lesiphepho belingaba ngu-300km ububanzi.

Amanzi ashisayo lapho kuvela khona iHypercan, kucatshangelwa lokho ukushintsha kwamazinga okushisa emanzini kuyinqubo ehamba kancane futhi kunwetshiwe okukhulu, kungahle kube nomthelela kuma-hypercanes amaningi.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, amafu we-hypercan angafinyelela ku-30km ukuphakama. Lokhu kungadala ukuphazamiseka koqweqwe lwe-ozone, ngoba ama-molecule wamanzi angahlangana nayo futhi adale ukusabela lapho izobola iye kuma-molecule e-O2, idale ukuhlunga okuncane kokukhanya kwe-ultraviolet.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.