Intlekele yokuSingqongileyo yaseOhio

Uloliwe wempahla

Mhlawumbi ubungazi ngayo intlekele yokusingqongileyo e-Ohio kuba amagunya akuMntla Merika athatha iintsuku eziliqela ukunika ingxelo ngesi siganeko. ehambelana nosaziwayo Iibhaluni eyayibhabha kumhlaba waseUnited States neyayilawula amajelo eendaba.

Nangona kunjalo, ngokuhamba kweentsuku, ebona iziphumo zayo ezimbi, amaziko elizwe asasaze ingozi. Kwaye nangona kunjalo imiphumo yengozi embi isandula ukuqalisa. Ke ukuze wazi kakuhle, siza kukuchazela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga nentlekele yokusingqongileyo yaseOhio kunye nokuba yintoni enokubangela ngokukhawuleza ukuba kungcoliseko kunye nabantu.

Kwenzeke ntoni kwaye yenzeke phi

empuma Palestina

I-East Palestine, imbindi yentlekele yokusingqongileyo yaseOhio

Ngomhla wesithathu kaFebruwari uloliwe wempahla uye waphuma waze watsha kwisixeko sase empuma Palestina, eyelizwe le Ohio. Ngethamsanqa, akukho bantu babhubhileyo kwaye izizathu zengozi azikaziwa.

Kodwa, ngelishwa, asinakukuxelela okufanayo malunga nomonakalo olandelayo onokuwenza ebantwini kunye nokusingqongileyo. Ngokuba, ngokutsho ENorfolk eseMazantsi, umnini we-convoy ephumileyo, yayithwele into engekho ngaphantsi Iilitha ezingama-300 ze-vinyl chloride kwiinqwelo zayo ezingamashumi amahlanu.

Yinto yekhemikhali esetyenziswa, ngaphezu kwayo yonke into, ukwenza iiplastiki kwaye, ukuba ibonakaliswe kubushushu obuphezulu, iba inetyhefu kakhulu kwaye inokubulala. Ngokungathi oko akwanelanga, ivutha kakhulu. Enyanisweni, xa kwenzeka ingozi, ukudubula kwabhalwa kwaye a ilifu elikhulu elinetyhefu.

Benza ntoni abasemagunyeni e-US?

uloliwe wempahla

Uloliwe wempahla kwibhulorho eWashington

Into yokuba esi siganeko sacothayo ukuxela ayithethi ukuba ukubaluleka kwaso kuncitshisiwe. Amagunya ezempilo e EUnited States ngoko nangoko ubuqonda ubunzulu besiganeko kwaye uthathe amanyathelo afanelekileyo. Ngoko nangoko iidolophu ezikufuphi zakhutshwa kwindawo yokulahla, ikakhulu leyo ye empuma Palestina, abemi abamalunga namawaka amahlanu.

Noko ke, ngokutsho kwabasemagunyeni, abantu abamalunga namakhulu amahlanu abazange bavume ukuhamba. Kwaye oku nangona kwachazwa kubo ukuba into echithekileyo yayingazinzanga kwaye inokugqabhuka nangaliphi na ixesha. Kwimeko nayiphi na into, ukukhululwa okulawulwayo kwe-vinyl chloride kwaqaliswa. Kwaye, sele ngoMvulo, ngoFebruwari XNUMX, le nkqubo yagqitywa ngokuyitshisa ngendlela, ngokufanayo, phantsi kweliso. Emva koko, oku kwavelisa enye ilifu elikhulu elinetyhefu esabonakala nanamhlanje.

Kwiintsuku ezimbini kamva, abo banoxanduva lokusingqongileyo bajonga indawo ngezixhobo zabo. Bagqiba kwelokuba umoya kunye namanzi okusela ayengenayo ityhefu waza wavumela abemi baloo mmandla ukuba babuyele emakhayeni abo.

Imeko yangoku yeNtlekele yokuSingqongileyo yaseOhio

Oololiwe

Iqonga likaloliwe lomthwalo eDenver

Nangona sinixelele yonke into, kubonakala ngathi izinto azicacanga. I-vinyl chloride ibangela ukuminxa kunye netyhefu, kodwa nayo inakho Iziphumo zexesha elide. Enyanisweni, kunokubangela ukubonakala kwezifo ezifana nomhlaza.

Ukongezelela, amazwi sele ephakanyisiwe alumkisa ngengozi. Umzekelo, ulynn goldman, Umphathi weSikolo seMpilo yoLuntu kwiYunivesithi yaseWashington. Uthe xa i-vinyl chloride isusiwe, amasuntswana angabonakaliyo ashiywe emoyeni ukuba zinokuba yingozi ngakumbi kunemiphunga yokutsha kwazo. Ngenxa yesi sizathu, uphakamisa ukuba uvavanyo olupheleleyo lwale ndawo lwenziwe ukuze kubonwe kuphela iintsalela ezinokwenzeka zale gesi, kodwa kunye nezinye izinto eziyityhefu.

Ngokuba, ngokutsho I-Arhente yoKhuseleko lweNdalo yase-United Statesuloliwe otshonile zikwaphethe nezinye izinto ezitshayo. Phakathi kwabo, butyl acrylate, esetyenziselwa ukwenza iipeyinti neeplastiki. Ukuba kufanelekile, kunokubangela ukuphefumla, ukucaphuka kwamehlo kunye nolusu. Kwakhona, i-convoy yathwala ethylene glycol monobutyl, ekwasetyenziswa njengesinyibilikisi kwiipeyinti kwaye ihlelwa njengetyhefu kakhulu.

Kwelinye icala, uninzi lwabahlali balo mmandla sele baye bamangalela Norfolk Southern, ojongene nololiwe, ukuze afune ukuba ahlawule umonakalo. Kwaye kwakhona ukuhlawula iimviwo zonyango zabemi bendawo kwi-radius yeekhilomitha ezingamashumi amathathu malunga nengozi.

Intlekele yokusingqongileyo yaseOhio ijonge phambili

Ohio umlambo

UMlambo iOhio njengoko udlula eCincinnati

Nangona intlekele yokusingqongileyo e-Ohio sele ibangela iziphumo ezibi, njengoko besinixelele, isenokungapheli apho. Kuba kurhaneleka ukuba ukuchitheka kukaloliwe ziye zavuza kuMlambo iOhio. Njengayo yonke into e-United States, i imilambo namachibi zinkulu.

I-Ohio inobude be Iikhilomitha ezili-1579 efikelela kwi-2108 ukuba enye yemithombo yayo, i-Allegheny River, yongezwa. Ngoko ke, yenye yezona zilishumi ezinkulu kwilizwe kunye neebhafu isitya se-490 601 yeekhilomitha zeekhilomitha, iphantse ibe nkulu njenge España (505 yeekhilomitha square).

Ukukhumbula ukuba ukuchitheka okunetyhefu kuya kulandela indlela yomlambo kwaye, ngenxa yoko, akuyi kungcolisa ukuya phezulu, baya kufikelela. amazwe ahlukeneyo esizwe. Ngokukodwa, ukongeza eOhio, abanye bathanda Indiana, Illinois, West Virginia, okanye Kentucky. Ukubona konke oku, unokuthelekelela imiphumo ungcoliseko lomlambo olunokuba nayo kubemi babo.

Ngokwezibalo ezisemthethweni, inika amanzi kwishumi ekhulwini labemi baseUnited States, malunga abantu abazizigidi ezingamashumi amathathu. Unjalo ubukhulu besiganeko ukuba ezinye imidiya ziye zabiza ngokuthi "i-American Chernobyl."

Kuyinyani ukuba i intlekele enkulu kakhulu yokusingqongileyo, kodwa xa uyithelekisa nentlekele yeso ziko lamandla enyukliya esasaza iradioactivity kuyo yonke iYurophu kubonakala, ukutsho nje kancinci, kugqithisile. Into engakhange icothe ukuvela ziithiyori zeyelenqe.

ithiyori iyelenqe

Uloliwe eCalifornia

Uloliwe wempahla eCalifornia

Njengoko kuqhele ukwenzeka kwezi meko, iyelenqe lalo lonke uhlobo alithathanga xesha lide ukuvela. Abangaqhelekanga batyhola i-White House ingqalelo ingqalelo kwiibhaluni hlola Chinese ukungaxeli isiganeko se empuma Palestina, kodwa kukho zonke iintlobo.

Kuyo nayiphi na imeko, into eqinisekileyo kukuba ukuthula kwe Ulawulo lweBiden malunga nengozi inegalelo ku ngakumbi ezi thiyori. Ngokungathi oku akwanelanga, ngokutsho kweminye imithombo, intatheli Evan Lambert, phakathi Iindaba zeSizwe, wabanjwa ngexesha lenkomfa yeendaba apho UMike DeWine, iRhuluneli yaseOhio, yanikela ingxelo ngesi siganeko. Kuyabonakala ukuba ebefota indawo eyingqongileyo.

Ukuqukumbela, intlekele yokusingqongileyo e-Ohio iye yaba nemiphumo emibi. Kodwa mhlawumbi ezona zibuhlungu ziza ngokuhamba kwexesha. Oko kubonakala kungqinwa kukuba ukuchitheka okuyityhefu bade bafika e-Ohio river, enika amanzi kubantu abazizigidi ezingamashumi amathathu.


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