Umlaza leo

umlaza leo esibhakabhakeni

Phakathi kwawo wonke amaqoqo ezinkanyezi esiwathola esibhakabhakeni angawezinkanyezi zezinkanyezi esinoLeo. I- umlaza leo Itholakala phakathi kwe-constellation Virgo ngakwesobunxele sakho neCancer ngakwesokudla sakho. Inezinkanyezi eziningana eziyinhloko futhi kunezihlambi eziningana ezihambisana nemeteor ezivame ukubonwa ebusika.

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana ne-constellation Leo kanye nezici zayo.

Izici eziyinhloko

izinkanyezi esibhakabhakeni

Kunezihlambi ezimbili zemeteor ezihambisana nale nkanyezi, iDelta-Leonids, eqala ukusebenza ngoFebhuwari 15 kuya kuMashi 10, kanye neLeonidas, eqala ngoNovemba 10 kuya ku-23. U-Leo uyinkanyezi enkulu yenkabazwe emele ibhubesi. Ezinyangeni ezizungeze uFebhuwari, ibonakala ephakeme esibhakabhakeni saphakathi kwamabili. Inkanyezi yayo egqame kakhulu, iRegulus, isondelene kakhulu ne-ecliptic, indlela ilanga elihamba ngayo esibhakabhakeni minyaka yonke. Njalo ngonyaka kusukela maphakathi no-Agasti kuya maphakathi noSepthemba, ilanga lidlula kuLeo.

Enyakatho yeRegulus, umhlwenga wengonyama umelwe yijika lezinkanyezi zesibili nezesithathu. Kude nendiza yeMilky Way, into yasezulwini ejulile kule ndawo yasezulwini yiNkanyezi Yesishiyagalolunye noma i-Galaxy Ebuthakathaka. Okugqame kunayo yonke yiLeo Triplet, okuyinhlanganisela esondele yemithala emithathu eboshwe ngokwamandla adonsela phansi: I-M65, M66 ne-NGC 3628.

Ezinganekwaneni zamaGrikhi, uLeo ubhekwa njengengonyama yaseNemean ebulawa nguHercules. Isikhumba sakhe sasivikelwe yizo zonke izikhali, kanti nemicibisholo kaHercules yahlubuka esilwaneni. Ngemuva kokuklinya lesi silo, uHercules wasebenzisa isikhumba sayo njengengubo.

Ungawuthola kanjani umlaza i-Leo

umlaza leo

Phakathi kwemilaza engu-13 yezinkanyezi, lena ngenye yamaqoqo ezinkanyezi abonakala kakhulu esibhakabhakeni sasebusuku. Iningi labantu lithola i-constellation Leo ngokuqala ngokufuna iphethini eyingqayizivele kudome lwesibhakabhaka: iphethini lombuzo obheke phansi. Le nkanyezi noma i-asterisk ibizwa ngokuthi isikela likaLeo. URegulus, inkanyezi ekhanya kakhulu kuLeo, umaka phansi kwephethini lombuzo obheke phansi.

Ngokombono wezwe elisenyakatho, ibhubesi lingumngane wesimo sezulu esikahle, ligxumela esibhakabhakeni ntambama ezungeze i-equinox yomdabu ngoMashi. Ukuphela kukaMashi, Ephreli noMeyi izinyanga ezimbalwa zokukhomba uLeo, ngoba kanye lapho kuhwalala, le nkanyezi iyabonakala futhi ihlale kuze kube sekuseni. Khumbula ukubheka isitayela sokumaka umbuzo emuva.

Inkanyezi engunxantathu engxenyeni esempumalanga yeLeo imele ikomkhulu langemuva nomsila wengonyama. Inkanyezi ekhanya kakhulu kunxantathu ibizwa ngeDenebola, evela ngesi-Arabhu futhi esho ukuthi "umsila wengonyama." Njengazo zonke izinkanyezi Izinkanyezi zikaLeo zibuyela endaweni efanayo esibhakabhakeni imizuzu emine ngaphambi kosuku ngalunye noma amahora amabili ngaphambi kwenyanga ngayinye.

Ekuqaleni kuka-Ephreli, i-constellation Leo iphakama cishe ngo-10 ntambama (11 pm isikhathi sasemini sendawo) futhi iqala ukucwila ngaphansi komkhawulo osentshonalanga cishe ngo-4 ekuseni (5 pm isikhathi sasemini sendawo). Cishe ngoMeyi 1, uLeo ufinyelela kuvuthondaba lobusuku ngabo-8 ebusuku. Isikhathi sendawo (9:00 pm, isikhathi sendawo sokonga emini). Ngokufanayo, ekuqaleni kukaMeyi, amaBhubesi anamandla aqala ukuhlala entshonalanga cishe ngehora lesibili ekuseni. Isikhathi sendawo (2 ekuseni ngesikhathi sasehlobo). NgoJuni, i-constellation Leo ingabonakala yehla ivela entshonalanga ntambama.

Izinkanyezi eziyinhloko ze-constellation Leo

Ake sibone ukuthi yiziphi izinkanyezi eziyinhloko ze-constellation Leo:

  • UDenebola: inkanyezi yokulandelana emhlophe ekhanyayo emhlophe, eyaziwa nangokuthi iBeta Leonis, cishe iminyaka engama-36 ekhanyayo evela eMhlabeni. Uma kuqhathaniswa noMhlaba, ubukhulu bawo nobubanzi bawo bukhulu kuphela ngama-75% kunelanga lethu.
  • I-Zosma: Eyaziwa nangokuthi iDelta Leonis, njengoDenebola Zosma kuyinkanyezi emhlophe yokulandelana eyinhloko etholakala eminyakeni engaba ngu-58 yokukhanya ukusuka eMhlabeni, inkanyezi inobukhulu nobubanzi obuzungeze kabili elanga.
  • Iqoqo: Ebizwa nangokuthi Theta Leonis, kanye noDenebola noZosma Chort, kwakha isinqe sikaLeo esimise unxantathu okhazimulayo. Njengamanye amaChorts amabili izinkanyezi ezimhlophe ezilandelanayo, zineminyaka eyi-165 ekhanyayo kude ne-trio, ngakho-ke umphumela awulungile.
  • Lawula: Eyaziwa nangokuthi u-Alpha Leonis, iRegulus akuyona nje inkanyezi ekhanya kakhulu enkanyezini, kodwa futhi ingenye yezinkanyezi ezikhanya kakhulu esibhakabhakeni sasebusuku. I-Regulus iyisistimu yezinkanyezi ezine etholakala eminyakeni engaba ngu-80 ekhanyayo ukusuka eMhlabeni, uhlelo luqukethe i-Regulus A ekhanyayo nezinkanyezi ezintathu ezimnyama. IRegulus A iyinkanyezi enkulu yokulandelana eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka enkulu ecishe ibe nezikhathi ezi-4 ubukhulu nobubanzi belanga.
  • U-AlgiebaEyaziwa nangokuthi yiGamma Leonis, iyisistimu yezinkanyezi ezimbili cishe iminyaka eyi-130 yokukhanya kude noMhlaba. Uhlelo luqukethe izinkanyezi ezimbili ezinkulu kanambambili ezihamba cishe amamayela ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane eziyi-16 kumbuthano (amakhilomitha ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-26).
  • I-Adhafera: Yaziwa nangokuthi iZeta Leonis, i-Adhafera iyinkanyezi enkulu emhlophe ephuzi cishe iminyaka engama-270 yokukhanya isuka eMhlabeni, icishe ibe ngaphezu kokuphindwe kasithupha kunelanga kunobunzima obuphindwe kathathu.

Izinganekwane

Izinganekwane zezinkanyezi

Njengezinkanyezi ezahlukahlukene, uLeo ubuye asuselwa ekuzingeleni kwamaqhawe asezinganekwaneni zamaGrikhi noHercules, indodana kaZeus. Ngemuva kokuhlanyiswa ngunina ongamzali, iqhawe elingcwele labulala izingane zalo eziyisithupha ngolaka olungaboni. Lapho elulama ekuhlanyeni kwesikhashana, uHercules wazama ukuhlawulela amacala akhe ukuvala izenzo zakhe. Ekugcineni, uHercules ekugcineni wasala ephethe iNkosi u-Eurystheus, owamnikeza uchungechunge lwemisebenzi.

Isinyathelo sokuqala kule misebenzi ukubulala ibhubesi ebelisabisa idolobha laseNemea. Ibhubesi alaziwa nguHercules, unengubo yegolide yoboya, imicibisholo nezinkemba azikwazi ukungena. Lapho evakashela emphandwini wengonyama okokuqala, uHercules wakuthola lokho umcibisholo wakhe wawumane nje ugadlise isilo. Ekuhambeleni kwakhe kwesibili, leli qhawe lavala elinye lamasango amabili okungena esifundweni futhi langena lihlome ngeklabhu enkulu, lashaya ibhubesi ngentonga yalo futhi lamklinya.

Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana ne-constellation ka-Leo nezici zayo.

 


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.