Isiqhingi esikhulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni

isiqhingi esikhulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni

Into evamile kakhulu ukucabangela isiqhingi ukucabanga ukuthi banosayizi omncane. Nokho, akunjalo. Emhlabeni kuneziqhingi ezinkulu ezihlala abantu abaningi njengeJapan. Abantu abaningi bayazibuza ukuthi yini isiqhingi esikhulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni.

Ngalesi sizathu, sizonikezela lesi sihloko ukukutshela ukuthi yisiphi isiqhingi esikhulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni, izici zaso nendlela yokuphila.

Isiqhingi esikhulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni

indawo eluhlaza

Kunezinhlobo eziyinkulungwane nolunye zeziqhingi. Osayizi abahlukene, izimo, izitshalo, izilwane, isimo sezulu kanye nezwe. Futhi, nakuba iziqhingi eziningi zakhiwe ngokwemvelo, ezinye, njengeFlevopolder neRené-Levasseur Island, zenziwe ngabantu, okungukuthi zakhiwe abantu.

Kukhona iziqhingi emifuleni nasemachibini, kodwa iziqhingi ezinkulu zisolwandle. Kukhona ngisho nezazi ezithile zokuma kwezwe ezibheka i-Australia njengesiqhingi nakuba sicishe siphindwe kane kuneGreenland. Ngaphezu kwalokho, cishe akunakwenzeka ukwazi inani eliqondile leziqhingi ezihlala emhlabeni wethu. Kuyaqondakala ukuthi ulwandle alukahlolisiswa ngokugcwele. Namuhla, yiziqhingi ezingama-30 kuphela ezaziwayo ukuthi zikhona ezinendawo esukela ku-2.000 kuya ku-2.499 square kilometers.

Iziqhingi ezinhlanu ze-Baffin Island, Madagascar Island, Borneo Island, New Guinea Island, kanye neGreenland okungenani zingamakhilomitha-skwele angu-500.000, ngakho iTop1 yethu isilapha.

IGreenland iyisiqhingi esikhulu kunazo zonke futhi ukuphela kwesiqhingi emhlabeni esinendawo engamakhilomitha-skwele angaphezu kwesigidi. Indawo yayo ingamakhilomitha-skwele ayizigidi ezingu-2,13, cishe ingxenye yesine yobukhulu be-Australia esikhulume ngayo ngenhla.

Eyaziwa ngezinguzunga zayo ezinkulu zeqhwa kanye nodedangendlale we-tundra, izingxenye ezintathu kwezine zesiqhingi zimbozwe ukuphela kweqhwa elihlala njalo elikhona (ngethemba ukuthi lizoba lapho iminyaka eminingi), kanye ne-Antarctica. Inhloko-dolobha yayo nedolobha elikhulu kunawo wonke, iNuuk, iyikhaya cishe ingxenye eyodwa kwezintathu yabantu bakulesi siqhingi.

Futhi kufanele kuqashelwe ukuthi lelizwe liyindawo enabantu abambalwa kakhulu emhlabeni, futhi iningi labantu baseGreenland ngama-Inuit noma ama-Eskimo. Noma kunjalo, namuhla lesi siqhingi siyindawo ethandwa izivakashi. Ngokwepolitiki iyisifunda esizimele saseDenmark, nakuba igcina inkululeko enkulu yezepolitiki kanye nokuzibusa okuqinile. Kubantu abangu-56.000 16.000 abahlala eGreenland, abangu-XNUMX bahlala enhloko-dolobha, iNuuk, okuyiyona ndawo. Itholakala kumakhilomitha angama-240 ukusuka enkabeni ye-Arctic futhi inhloko-dolobha esenyakatho kakhulu emhlabeni.

Ikakhulukazi, i-New Guinea (isiqhingi sesibili ngobukhulu) iyisiqhingi esiphezulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni ngamamitha angu-5.030 ngaphezu kolwandle futhi iyikhaya lesiqongo esiphakeme kunazo zonke e-Oceania. Njengoba ingxenye esentshonalanga yeNew Guinea, iSumatra, iSulawesi, neJava, i-Indonesia iyizwe eliyisiqhingi esikhulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni.

Ezinye iziqhingi ezinkulu emhlabeni

isiqhingi esikhulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni

I-Nueva Guinea

Emakhilomitha-skwele angama-785.753, iNew Guinea iyisiqhingi sesibili ngobukhulu emhlabeni. Ngokwezombangazwe, lesi siqhingi sihlukaniswe izingxenye ezimbili, ingxenye eyodwa yizwe elizimele iPapua New Guinea kanti enye ibizwa ngeWestern New Guinea, eyingxenye yensimu yase-Indonesia.

Itholakala onqenqemeni olusentshonalanga yoLwandlekazi iPacific, enyakatho ye-Australia, ngakho kukholakala ukuthi iNew Guinea yayingeyaleli zwekazi ngezikhathi ezikude. Okumangalisayo ngalesi siqhingi ukuthi sihlala ezinhlobonhlobo zezinto eziphilayo, singathola kusuka ku-5% kuya ku-10% wengqikithi yezinhlobo zezilwane emhlabeni.

Borneo

Incane kancane kuneNew Guinea iBorneo, isiqhingi sesithathu ngobukhulu emhlabeni esingamakhilomitha-skwele angama-748.168 futhi okuwukuphela kwesiqhingi esiseNingizimu-mpumalanga ye-Asia. Njengasendabeni edlule, lapha siphinde sithole izinhlobonhlobo zezinto eziphilayo ezicebile nenani elikhulu lezinhlobo zezilwane, abaningi babo babesengoziniNjengengwe egubuzelwe ngamafu. Usongo lwaleli pharadesi elincane lubangelwa ukugawulwa kwamahlathi okunzima okuye kwaba nakho kusukela ngawo-1970, njengoba izakhamuzi zalapha zingenayo indawo evundile yokulima okungokwesiko futhi kuye kwadingeka ziphendukele ekugawuleni nasekudayiseni izinkuni zazo.

Izizwe ezintathu ezihlukene zihlala ndawonye esiqhingini saseBorneo; I-Indonesia eningizimu, iMalaysia enyakatho kanye neBrunei, i-sultanate encane okuthi, naphezu kokuhlanganisa amakhilomitha-skwele angaphansi kuka-6.000, iyisifundazwe esicebe kakhulu esiqhingini.

Madagascar

Mhlawumbe isiqhingi esidume kakhulu, sibonga ngokwengxenye kumamuvi opopayi, IMadagascar iyisiqhingi sesine ngobukhulu emhlabeni esinamakhilomitha-skwele angama-587.713. Itholakala olwandle lwasePacific, ngasogwini lwaseMozambique, ihlukaniswe nezwekazi lase-Afrika yi-Mozambique Channel.

Bangaphezu kwezigidi ezingu-22 abantu abahlala kuyo, iningi labo kungabantu abakhuluma isiMalagasy (ulimi lwabo) kanye nesiFulentshi, ikoloni lezwe kwaze kwaba yilapho lithola inkululeko ngo-1960, abalondoloza ubuhlobo obuseduze nalo kuze kube namuhla.

Baffin

Ukuze sithole okokugcina kwezi-5 iziqhingi ezihamba phambili emhlabeni, kufanele sibuyele lapho saqala khona, iGreenland. I-Baffin Island, ingxenye yeCanada, iphakathi kwalelo zwe neGreenland, futhi inezakhamuzi eziyi-11.000 ekwandiseni kwayo amakhilomitha-skwele angama-507.451.

Lesi siqhingi sisetshenziswe njengendawo yokudoba imikhomo selokhu satholwa abantu baseYurophu ngo-1576, futhi namuhla imisebenzi eyinhloko yezomnotho kulesi siqhingi ezokuvakasha, izimayini nokudoba, ezokuvakasha ezidonswa ukubuka okuhle kweNorthern Lights. .

Kungani i-Australia ingesona isiqhingi esikhulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni

australia kumephu

I-Australia akusona isiqhingi esikhulu kunazo zonke, hhayi ngoba sisincane, kodwa ngenxa yokuthi ngokwendawo akusona isiqhingi, kodwa iyizwekazi. Yebo, ezingeni lomhlaba ingathathwa njengesiqhingi njengoba iyindawo yasemhlabeni ezungezwe amanzi, yingakho abaningi beyibheka njengesiqhingi. Kodwa-ke, uma iwela epuletini layo le-tectonic ithathwa njengezwekazi. Noma kunjalo, uma sikuthatha njengesiqhingi, Ngeke kube likhulu kunawo wonke emhlabeni, ngoba i-Antarctica ingelinye, izwekazi eliyisiqhingi esikhulu.

Njengoba ubona, ngokuphambene nalokho ovame ukukucabanga, kuneziqhingi ezinobukhulu obuyikhaya lamadolobha kanye nenani labantu abaningi. Ngithemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi mayelana nesiqhingi esikhulu kunazo zonke emhlabeni kanye nezici zaso.


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.