Uthuli lwasogwadule lwaseGobi lunquma ikhwalithi yomoya waseChina

ISmog edolobheni laseBeijing, eChina

Idolobha laseBeijing (China)

Ezikhathini zakamuva kunamazwe amaningana amadolobha awo aphefumula umoya ongcolile. IBarcelona noma iMadrid ngezinye nje zazo, kepha icala laseChina liyethusa kakhulu: ngokusho kweWorld Health Organisation (WMO), unyaka nonyaka abantu abayizigidi eziyi-1,6 babulawa yizimbangela ezihlobene nokungcola.

Kuyathakazelisa ukuthi, ikhwalithi yomoya kule ngxenye yomhlaba inqunywa ngothuli oluvela ogwadule lwaseGobi, njengoba kuvezwe yithimba labaphenyi abavela ePacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL, ngesifinyezo sayo esiNgisini) naseScripps Institution of Oceanography e-University of California eSan Diego.

Kwakhe ukutadisha, esishicilelwe ephephabhukwini elithi »Imvelo», ososayensi bahlanganisa imininingwane yomlando namamodeli wekhompyutha. Ngokuhlaziya imiphumela bakwazi ukukuthola lokho ukwehliswa kothuli lwemvelo olusuka ehlane iGobi enkabeni nasenyakatho yeChina kubanga ukwanda kwentuthu empumalanga yeChina.

Kubonakala sengathi, izinhlayiya zothuli zasogwadule zisiza ekuphambukiseni ukukhanya kwelanga. Uma kunezinhlayiya ezimbalwa, inhlabathi ifudumele kunokujwayelekile futhi amanzi ayabanda, kunciphisa umehluko ebangeni lokushisa ebusika phakathi komhlaba nolwandle. Lokhu kwenza ukuthi umoya uvunguze ngamandla amancane, ngakho-ke umoya "umile".

Ugwadule lwaseGobi

Yize lokhu kungukwehliswa kwamakhilomitha ayi-0,16 kuphela ngehora, lolu shintsho kunomthelela omkhulu esimweni sezulu kanye nekhwalithi yomoya empumalanga yeChina. EBeijing sekuphele iminyaka emithathu belwa impi yokulwa nokungcola.

Lesi yisifundo esithakazelisa kakhulu, hhayi izwe lasempumalanga kuphela, kodwa futhi nabo bonke labo abathinteka ukungcoliswa kwe-anthropogenic, ngoba kukhombisa ukuthi konke kuxhunyiwe, ngandlela thile.

I-smog yinkinga ebucayi kakhulu okumele bonke ohulumeni bayithathe ngokungathi sína ukuze izakhamizi ziqhubeke nokuphefumula umoya ohlanzekile.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.