UMlambo iSegura

icandelo lendalo loMlambo iSegura

Namhlanje siza kuthetha ngomnye wemilambo ebaluleke kakhulu eSpain. Imalunga nayo umlambo Segura. Ime kumazantsi mpuma eSpain kwaye yenye yezona ndawo zibalulekileyo kwimithombo ye-hydrographic eYurophu. Ulwandiso lwayo lulonke ziikhilomitha ezingama-325 kwaye isitya salo sigubungela ummandla we-14.936 yeekhilomitha. Okokugqibela, emva kokuhamba amaphondo ama-4, umlomo wawo ukuLwandle lweMeditera.

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke into oyifunayo malunga noMlambo iSegura kunye neempawu zayo.

Iimpawu eziphambili

umlambo okhuselekileyo

Nangona sesinye sezona zincinci zincinci kulo lonke elaseSpain, ireferensi ithathwa ngenxa yobude bayo. Ngomnye wemilambo esetyenziselwa ukunceda abahlali bendawo ewela kuyo. Kwaye yindlela ekubhekiswa kuyo kubakhenkethi ngaphandle kokuthanda kwabo ngenxa yezikhukula. I-morphology yomhlaba ithetha ukuba xa imvula ininzi ine ixesha elifutshane, indlela yomlambo inokubangela izikhukula.

Esi sitya sonke sineentlobo ezahlukeneyo zolawulo lokondla imilambo. Kwelinye icala, sine-tributary entloko kunye nomnye kuninzi lwandiso. Ngombulelo kwinto yokuba indawo apho iphuma khona iphezulu kakhulu, kuvunyelwe ukufumana i-meltwater eSierra de Segura ngexesha lasentwasahlobo. Amanzi aphuma kulo mbinana sele onele ukondla umlambo.

Eminye indlela yeyolawulo lweMeditera. Oko kukuthi, ibonakaliswa ikakhulu ngokuba ne umkhukula omkhulu phakathi kokwindla nobusika kunye nokwehla kwentwasahlobo nehlobo. Inyaniso yoku kwehla ebhedini yomlambo ngamaxesha ashushu kakhulu enyakeni iba ngunobangela wenkxalabo kubemi abaxhomekeke kuwo.

Olunye lweempawu emile kuzo uMlambo iSegura ngamanzi acocekileyo ecrystal. Ngaphezulu kwayo yonke loo nto, ifunyanwa kwindawo ephezulu yesiqendu senxalenye yayo ephakathi. Kwezi ndawo Bangamanzi e-crystalline ngokupheleleyo kuba awangcoliswanga yiyo nayiphi na iarhente yangaphandle. Kancinci kancinci bafumana ithoni eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka kwaye ndiyenza umbala oluhlaza okomhlaba. Oku kubangelwa zizinto ezahlukeneyo ezinje ngokutshintsha komhlaba kunye nongcoliseko.

Umjelo ufikelela kububanzi obuphezulu kwicandelo eliphakathi. Kulapho ke isetyenziswa kakhulu kwiindawo ezikufutshane. Enye yeendawo ezisebenzisa kakhulu umlambo iSegura yiMurcia. Nangona kunjalo, ikwayindawo apho kukho umngcipheko omkhulu wembalela. Ubunzulu obumndilili bujikeleze iimitha ezingama-70 xa kungelilixa lonyaka elomileyo

Imozulu yoMlambo iSegura

imbalela eqatha

Kuwo wonke ummandla obaleka kuwo umlambo iSegura, kunye nolawulo lwayo oluqhelekileyo, kuxhomekeke kucando. Umzekelo, siyayibona loo nto kwintloko, ukuba ku Ukuphakama kweemitha ezili-1.413 ngaphezulu komphakamo wolwandle kubanda kakhulu amaqondo obushushu apholileyo. Nangona kunjalo, la maqondo obushushu ngokomndilili afikelela kuma-28 degrees ngelixesha kushushu. Ngexesha elibandayo lokuphumla konyaka ihlala ifikelela kwi-avareji ye-13 degrees.

Njengoko ukuphakama kuncipha kude kufike elunxwemeni, amaqondo obushushu ayenyuka. Kwindawo ehamba kuyo kukho i-avareji yonyaka yeedigri ezili-18. Ezona nyanga zibandayo ziphakathi kukaDisemba noJanuwari, ngelixa ezona nyanga zishushu ngoJulayi nango-Agasti. Ngokubhekisele kwimvula, indlela enemvula inkulu kummandla weentaba. Njengoko sifikelela kwiindawo eziphakamileyo sinexabiso eliphezulu lemvula. Kwintloko nakwindawo ephakathi sinexabiso le-1.000 mm ngonyaka. Kwelinye icala, xa sifika kwindawo yomlomo, sibona ukuba kwi-avareji sine-300 mm kuphela ngonyaka.

Kwimimandla eselunxwemeni kufutshane nomlomo wayo sinendawo eyomileyo. Ukhenketho luxhomekeke kwimozulu. Inxalenye yomlambo iSegura onemisebenzi yabakhenkethi eneemfuno ezinkulu zigxile kwinxalenye ephezulu nephakathi kuba zinomtsalane kwinqanaba lendalo. Inyaniso yokuba amanzi aye acaca gca atsala inani elikhulu labakhenkethi abahamba kwindlela yokunyuka intaba. Ukongeza, zezona ndawo zinokuhamba okuphezulu. Kwiindawo eziphakamileyo ukunyuka intaba kunye nokuhamba ngebhayisikile kuyenziwa. Umthombo ufumaneka eSierras de Cazorla, eSegura y Las Villas Natural Park. Le ndawo ifunwa phantse ngawo onke amaxesha onyaka.

Kwiindawo apho kukho ukuhamba okuphezulu unokwenza i-kayak kunye ne-raft kwi-rapids. Ukuba yindawo yomlambo kunye nokucoceka okukhulu emanzini, unokuhlamba kuyo kwaye kukho isithethe sokusela kumthombo oyimvelaphi uqobo. Zonke iidolophu ezikumda womlambo zinomtsalane kubakhenkethi abafuna ukuphonononga umdla wendawo yasemaphandleni.

Iintyatyambo kunye nezilwanyana zomlambo iSegura

ungcoliseko lomlambo olukhuselekileyo

Kuba yayingumlambo ohamba kwindawo ekhuselweyo yendalo, likhaya kuninzi lokwahlukahluka ngokwezityalo nezilwanyana. Nangona incitshisiwe ngenxa yabantu kunye neempembelelo zokusingqongileyo, uninzi lwabantu lweentlobo zezityalo lusekhona. Kufuneka kuthathelwe ingqalelo ukuba imisebenzi yabantu efana nezolimo inokubangela iimpembelelo ezithile kwizityalo zendalo.

Iintyatyambo zahlulwe ngokwexesha ezifunyanwa ngalo. Enkosi ngemozulu ezahlukeneyo esizifumana kuwo wonke umlambo, sineentlobo ezininzi zeentyatyambo. Bayafumanana amahlathi emipayini, iidaffodils, igermany, esebenzayo kunye nokude ekhuselweyo ngenxa yobunqabileyo bayo. Esinye sezityalo ezitsala umdla omkhulu sisityalo esidla inyama esibizwa ngokuba yiPinguicula Vallisneriifolia.

Ngaphambi kokuba sifike kwindawo yaseMurcia sifumana amahlathi azele yimingcunube, iipoplar kunye nemithi ye-elm. Kukwakho uhlaza oluphakathi noluphantsi olwenziwe ngeebhedi zeengcongolo, iibhedi zeengcongolo neebhedi zeengcongolo. Ngokubhekisele kwizilwanyana, kukho ikakhulu iintsapho ezahlulwe phakathi kwezilwanyana, iintaka kunye nezirhubuluzi ezisemngciphekweni wokuphela. Phakathi kweentaka ezisemngciphekweni wokutshabalala sifumana iKingfisher. Ngokubhekisele kwintlanzi, kukho ubukho obukhulu be-trout eqhelekileyo kunye ne-rainbow trout. Nangona kunjalo, eyokugqibela ibanciphisile abantu bangaphambili.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga noMlambo iSegura kunye neempawu zayo.


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