Ubusuku beTropiki kunye nobusuku be-equatorial

umahluko phakathi kobusuku betropikhi kunye nobusuku be-ikhweyitha

Ngokutshintsha kwemozulu, amaqondo obushushu aphakathi ayanda kwiplanethi yonke kwaye ngexesha lasehlotyeni ukonyuka kwamaza obushushu kuyaphawulwa. Apha kulapho iingqiqo ze ubusuku betropikhi kunye nobusuku be-ikhweyitha. Ngamnye kubo uneempawu ezahlukeneyo kwaye uyahluka kwezinye iinkalo.

Ngesi sizathu, siza kunikezela eli nqaku ukuze sikuxelele ukuba bubuphi ubusuku betropikhi kunye nobusuku be-ikhweyitha kunye neempawu zabo.

Ubusuku beTropiki kunye nobusuku be-equatorial

ubusuku be-ikhweyitha

Makhe sibone ukuba yintoni na ubusuku obutropikhi.

Nangona inkcazo yeli gama isaxoxwa, i-AEMET Meteorological Glossary ibonisa ukuba ingcamango ibhekisa kubusuku apho iqondo lobushushu lingehli ngaphantsi kwe-20 ºC. Elinye igama elifanayo elisetyenziswa ngakumbi nangakumbi “bubusuku obushushu”, kulo mzekelo ubhekisa kubusuku obunobushushu obungaphantsi kwe-25ºC okanye ngaphezulu.

Ngokuqwalasela ilizwe lethu, iiCanary Islands zinelona nani liphezulu lobusuku betropikhi ngonyaka, kunye ne-92, emi ngaphandle kwezinye iziqithi, okunengqiqo ngenxa yobubanzi bayo. Kwezi, u-El Hierro ubalasele, nge-avareji ye-128 yobusuku betropikhi ngonyaka. Izixeko zaselwandle ezisemazantsi, njengeCádiz, iMelilla okanye iAlmería, zikwakhanya kubusuku obutsha kweTropiki, nge-89, 88 kunye nobusuku obungama-83 ngonyaka ngokulandelelanayo. KwiZiqithi zaseBalearic nazo zixhaphakile: e-Ibiza balala kakhulu unyaka -ientsuku ezingama-79- kunye nethermometer engaphezu kwama-20 degrees.

Ngokubanzi, izixeko zeMeditera zinobusuku obuncinci betropikhi ngonyaka: ngaphezulu kwe-50 kwiindawo zaseValencian, iMurcia kunye neAndalusia yonke (kubandakanywa nengaphakathi), ngelixa eCatalonia umyinge uphakathi kwe-40 kunye ne-50. IMadrid inobusuku obungama-30 obutropikhi, ilandelwa yiZaragoza, iCáceres, iToledo okanye iCiudad Real, edla ngokuhlala phakathi kwama-20 nama-30 ngonyaka.

Ubusuku beTropiki buya kwanda nge-30% ekupheleni kwenkulungwane

ubusuku betropikhi kunye nobusuku be-ikhweyitha

Ukuba unenkumbulo encinci, uyaqonda ukuba sifumana ubusuku obuninzi betropikhi ngenxa yobushushu behlabathi obunxulumene nokutshintsha kwemozulu. ISpain yenye yezona ndawo zisemngciphekweni eYurophu: iintlobo ngeentlobo zezinto eziphilayo zisengozini, imihlaba yethu ingaba yintlango kwaye iingxaki ezinjengamaza obushushu obugqithisileyo okanye imbalela zinokunyuka.

Ekwindla ka-2019 sele iqalile ukutshisa ngokungaqhelekanga kwaye, ngokutsho kweNkozo yeSizwe yeMeteorological yaseSpain malunga nokutshintsha kwemozulu, inani lobusuku betropikhi liya kwanda nge-30% ekupheleni kwenkulungwane, ngakumbi ngasekupheleni kwentwasahlobo nasekuqaleni kwekwindla. Kwaye ukususela kwiminyaka engama-75 eyadlulayo ukuza kuthi ga namhlanje, inani lobusuku obufudumeleyo liphindeke kane. Esona sizathu kukutshintsha kwemozulu, enxulumene nenye imvelaphi yomntu: umphumo wesiqithi sobushushu owenzeka kwizixeko ezikhulu, ukuthintela ukujikeleza komoya kunye nokuba nemimoya yasebusuku.

Kwirekhodi, ukunyuka kumgca kwaye rhoqo, nganye kuzo igubungela ubuninzi bonyaka: ngo-1950 zenzeke phakathi kwe-30 kaJuni kunye ne-12 Septemba (iintsuku ezingama-74), ngelixa namhlanje ikhefu lihamba ukusuka kwi-6 ukuya kwi-2 Septemba. (Iintsuku ezili-6). ). Ngokutsho kweengcali ze-Aemet, ukwandiswa kuvelisa ngakumbi entwasahlobo kunasekwindla. Ngaphaya koko, ukusuka ngo-127 ukuya kuthi ga ekupheleni kwenkulungwane, siye sadibana neenyanga ezi-1967 ezishushu kakhulu, ngelixa siye safumana iziganeko ezisi-4 kule minyaka ilishumi idlulileyo.

Ngobusuku obungcono bokulala kubusuku betropiki, unokuthatha ishawa eshushu okanye ebandayo ngaphambi kokuba ulale, sebenzisa ilaphu lomqhaphu, ubeke iinyawo zakho emanzini abandayo kuqala, kwaye ubeke ibhotile yamanzi abandayo ebhedini ngeyona nto ipholileyo yosuku. Xa ilixesha lokukhupha umoya, khetha isidlo sangokuhlwa esilula, esibandayo endaweni yesidlo esinzima. Ungalibali ukuba uhlale umanzi.

ubusuku be-ikhweyitha

ubusuku obuTropiki

Ubusuku be-ikhweyitha okanye obushushu bubusuku apho ubushushu bungehli ngaphantsi kwe-25ºC. Ke ngoko, luhlobo lobusuku betropiki, oko kukuthi, ubusuku obunamaqondo obushushu angaphezu kwama-20ºC. Nangona kunjalo, njengoko ukungabikho ngaphantsi kwe-25ºC kubalulekile ngokwendalo kwaye kunomngcipheko ophezulu ohambelanayo, igama elithile le-Equatorial Night liyasetyenziswa.

Ubusuku be-equatorial abuqhelekanga kwiimozulu ezithile eSpain. Nangona kunjalo, baye bazuza udumo kwiminyaka yakutshanje ngenxa yemveliso yabo eqhelekileyo. Njengoko bekutshiwo, ubusuku betropikhi (kunye nobusuku be-equatorial) bandile eSpain kumashumi eminyaka akutshanje.

Kutheni ubusuku be-ikhweyitha busenzeka?

Ubusuku be-ikhweyitha bubakho xa ubushushu bungehli ngaphantsi kwe-25ºC ubusuku bonke. Ke, okoko ithemometha iku-25ºC okanye ngaphezulu, sithi ubusuku be-ikhweyitha. Ubusuku bunokurekhodwa xa ithemometha ibonisa ubuncinane i-25ºC, kodwa amaqondo obushushu angaphantsi kwelo rekhodi imini yonke. Xa kunjalo unobusuku be-ikhweyitha, kodwa hayi ubuncinci be-ikhweyitha.

Kusekho ingxoxo malunga nale migaqo, kodwa ngokomgaqo iyafana eSpain. Njengobusuku be-ikhweyitha, ubusuku obushushu bubusuku apho ubushushu bungehli ngaphantsi kwe-25ºC. Ukuba amaqondo obushushu ebusuku awehli ngaphantsi kwe-30ºC, igama elithi "Hellish Nights" lisetyenziselwa ukubhekisa kule meko. Ayiqhelekanga kakhulu eSpain, kodwa kwiminyaka yakutshanje ezi ntlobo zobusuku zenzeka kuyo yonke indawo.

ESpain, obu busuku bunokwenzeka rhoqo kunxweme okanye ngaphakathi. Ziphantse zihlale zivela ehlotyeni kwaye zihlala zinxulunyaniswa neziganeko ezishushu kakhulu okanye amaza obushushu. Kwimimandla efana neAndalusia, Extremadura, Castilla-La Mancha, Madrid, Murcia, Valencian Communities, Catalonia, Aragon kunye neZiqithi zaseBalearic, ayiqhelekanga ukuba enye yezi busuku ibonakale rhoqo ehlotyeni.

Zikwafumaneka nakwiiCanary Islands, ngokuqhelekileyo ekungeneni komoya waseSahara nakwimimandla ephakathi, apho banokude badlule kuma-30ºC. Ngokweengcaphephe, elona qondo lobushushu lokulala liphakathi kwe-18ºC kunye ne-21ºC. Ukuphumla kunzima xa i-mercury iqala ukunyuka. Le meko iba mandundu ukuba ubushushu bungaphezu kwama-25ºC.

Ngoko xa silala ebusuku kwi-ikhweyitha, sisenokuba silala kumaqondo obushushu aphezulu kakhulu (ngaphandle kwe-air conditioning, izakhiwo zale mihla zidla ngokuba shushu kakhulu emini), mhlawumbi nangaphezu kwe-30C. Ukuba kunjalo, asisoze sehle ngaphantsi kwe-25ºC ebusuku kwaye umgangatho wokulala uphantsi.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nobusuku betropikhi kunye nobusuku be-ikhweyitha.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.