Namhlanje lusuku lomhlaba omanzi kwaye lubhiyozelwa yimbalela

Imigxobhozo yaseSpain

Namhlanje lusuku lomhlaba omanzi. Nangona kunjalo, imigxobhozo ejikeleze iplanethi namhlanje ibhiyozela usuku lwayo oluchatshazelwe yimbalela ebeka engozini engaphezulu kwesiqingatha sayo, kungekuphela ngenxa yokunqongophala kwamanzi, kodwa nangenxa yezisongelo zayo ezininzi.

Ngaba uyafuna ukwazi imeko yangoku yemigxobhozo ngolu suku lwanamhlanje?

Imbalela kwimigxobhozo

imbalela kwimigxobhozo

Umahluko wemibhobho yemigxobhozo yeyona nto iphambili eSpain, kuba imvula ayizinzanga ncam. Singafumana iinyanga ezomileyo kunye nezinye kunetha ngakumbi. Imigxobhozo Baziqhelanisa nobushushu neemeko zemvula abazinikwa yimozulu.

Oku kwenzeka phantsi kweemeko eziqhelekileyo, kodwa emva kweenyanga zokugqibela zembalela enkulu kwilizwe, imeko yemigxobhozo emininzi yaseSpain inegalelo ekuwohlokeni kwaye iimpawu zazo ezizodwa ziyachaphazeleka kwaye zisengozini.

Imigxobhozo esemhlabeni kunye ne-endorheic ifana ichweba laseFuente de Piedra (Malaga), iAlbufera yaseValencia okanye ichibi i-El Hondo (Alicante), okanye kwiinkqubo ezinkulu zamachibi, ezinje ngeTablas de Daimiel (Ciudad Real) zisengozini kakhulu kwiimeko apho kunqongopheleyo imvula.

Njengokuba imbalela egqithileyo iqhubeka kwaye namaqondo obushushu enyuka, kukho uloyiko lokuba imigxobhozo iyoma kwaye iSpain iya kuqala ukujika ibe yintlango. Ukuthintela oku, uRhulumente kufuneka ahambelane neemfuno ezimiselwe kuMgaqo-sikhokelo waManzi, ocacisa ngokucacileyo nangokucacileyo ukuba kufuneka aphathwe njani la manzi abalulekileyo.

URoberto González, intloko yeNkqubo yaManzi yentlangano, uchaze ukuba ucwangciso olwenziwe eSpain lokusetyenziswa kwamanzi ayithathi imbalela njengolwakhiwoEndaweni yoko, xa kukho ixesha elomileyo, "amanyathelo akhethekileyo" ayenziwa.

Ngesi sizathu, imbalela yangoku ichaphazela le nkqubo yezinto eziphilayo kunye noxinzelelo ngakumbi, esele ichaphazelekile kukusetyenziswa gwenxa kwemithombo yamanzi amdaka, ungcoliseko lomphezulu kunye namanzi angaphantsi komhlaba okanye ulawulo oluphantsi lokuhamba kwamanzi.

Usuku lwegloomy lokubhiyozela

imini yemigxobhozo yehlabathi

Ukususela ngo-1977, zonke nge-2 kaFebruwari, kubhiyozelwa uSuku lweeNdawo eziManzi ehlabathini Ukukhumbula ukutyikitywa kweRamsar (i-Iran) kwiNgqungquthela yeWetlands, kulo nyaka kugxilwe kwindalo emanzi yasezidolophini.

Kwimigxobhozo emininzi ukuze isebenze ngendlela eqhelekileyo neyendalo, kwanele ukuvumela amanzi ukuba ahambe aze abuyele kwisitishi sendalo. Izixhobo zomhlaba kufuneka ziyeke ukuxhaphaza ukuze imigxobhozo iphinde ibenako ukusebenza kokuhamba kwezinto eziphilayo nokubuyela kwimeko yayo kwakhona.

Impembelelo kwimigxobhozo

eyona migxobhozo ilungileyo

Iinkqubo zendalo ezinje ngee-peatlands, imigxobhozo, imigxobhozo, amachibi, iilwandle, amaza asezantsi, iindawo eziselunxwemeni lolwandle, imihlambo, iingqaqa zekorale, imithombo, amadlelo erayisi, amadama okanye iiflethi zetyuwa nazo ziyimigxobhozo, zityebile kwizinto eziphilayo, zibalulekile njengabalawuli bemozulu kunye unikezelo lwamanzi amatsha, ayimfuneko ekusindisweni komntu.

Nangona kunjalo, iyaqhubeka ingcoliswa, ixhatshazwa kakhulu, kwaye ichaphazeleka zizenzo zabantu. Ama-60% emigxobhozo eSpain ayanyamalala kwaye lawo aseleyo akwimeko embi. Ngesi sizathu, koyikiswa ukuba iSpain inokujika ibe yintlango ngokuhamba kwexesha, ukuba imeko iyaqhubeka ngoluhlobo.

Kuzo zonke ezi zizathu, kubalulekile ukuba oorhulumente babandakanye amanyathelo okukhusela ukuhamba kwendalo kunye nolawulo olukhulu lokutsalwa kwamanzi kwizicwangciso zembalela ukunciphisa iziphumo kunye nokuphepha ukusetyenziswa gwenxa.

Ukusasaza okukhulu ulwazi malunga nokubaluleka kwemigxobhozo, kule mpelaveki, uninzi lwemigxobhozo luza kwenza imisebenzi yabo bonke abaphulaphuli yokwazisa uluntu malunga nesidingo sokuyigcina. Imigxobhozo eza kuba nemisebenzi yoSuku lweMigxobhozo IDoana, iTablas de Daimiel, iEbro Delta, iVillafáfila lagoons okanye iAlfufera yaseValencia


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.