Kiruna, isixeko sezibane zaseMntla

IAurora borealis

Izibane zaseMantla yinto efunwa ngumntu wonke kuba inika umdla. IKiruna Sisixeko sasentsomini esimi kwindawo ekufutshane neArctic Circle. Ifumaneka eSweden kwaye sisixeko esityelelwe kakhulu minyaka le ukubona lo mboniso. Ukanti iyatshona. I-Kiruna ineengxaki ezinzulu kuba ilikomkhulu lomgodi omkhulu we-Iron emhlabeni kwaye kufuneka isuswe ngokupheleleyo ngaphambi kokuba inyamalale.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyazi malunga neKiruna kunye nezibane zaseMntla.

Kiruna, isixeko sezibane zaseMntla

ikiruna

Imeko esele ihlalutyiwe iminyaka emininzi ibonakala ihlawula kungekudala. Isixeko sonke safuduswa kwisakhiwo esisemthethweni sasiwa kwindlu encinane. Konke oku, ngenxa yokuba iyatshona, iyaqhekeka kwaye kukho ingozi enkulu, umgodi uya kuwufunxa ngokupheleleyo umzi.

Inyaniso yokuba ibekwe kwi-iron ore, kukho ngaphezu kwe-2 yeekhilomitha zeetonela, ukuguqula isixeko esingezantsi sibe yimephu egcwele imingxuma, imiqadi kunye neetonela. Umhlaba nawo wasabela. Into ebonwa kumphezulu ziintanda, izindlu ziqala ukuqhekeka kwaye awukwazi ukuqhubeka nokusebenza emgodini njengangaphambili.

Ukwenza oku, Nge-1 kaSeptemba 2020, isixeko saseKiruna sasimi malunga neekhilomitha ezi-5 ukusuka kwindawo ekuyo ngoku, Yayifudula iyindawo yokulahla inkunkuma yesixeko, kodwa ngoku sele iyindawo yokulahla inkunkuma apho iholo yedolophu ikhona.

Utsalo lwezotyelelo

UKiruna kufuneka ahambe

I-Kiruna ikwayindlela yokuya kwi-Abisko National Park. I-Abisko National Park yeyona ndawo iphezulu ekusingwa kuyo izibane zaseMantla emhlabeni. Uyakwazi ukubona izibane zaseMntla phantse bonke ubusuku obucacileyo bonyaka.

IKiruna sesona sixeko sisemantla eSweden, esikwiphondo laseNorrbotten. Igama elithi Kiruna livela kulwimi lwesiSami Gyran, elithetha "intaka yeendudumo", intaka emhlophe ezalelwa kummandla osemantla, ibonakala kwingubo yesixeko kwaye inophawu lwentsimbi olubonisa ishishini lezemigodi.

Namhlanje, I-Kiruna ngumasipala wesibini ngobukhulu emhlabeni, kunye nommandla we-20.000 yeekhilomitha zeekhilomitha.. Isixeko simi phakathi kweentaba zeKiirunavaara kunye neLuossavaara; ecaleni kweLake Luossajärvi (iLake Luossajärvi), yindawo entle yokubukela ukutshona kwelanga kwaye uthathe iifoto zeenkwenkwezi.

Esi sisixeko esikhulu kwaye uyabona ukuba abakhenkethi abahambi ngendlela eya kweyona hotele inkulu yomkhenkce emhlabeni. Ngaphandle kwemitsalane yayo, njengenye yezona cawa zindala zaseSweden (kwaye ngokutsho kwabaseSweden ngokwabo, ezona cawa zintle), bambalwa abantu abanokwenza uhambo lwemizuzu eli-15 phakathi kwehotele kunye nesixeko.

I-Kiruna iphantse yaxhomekeke ngokupheleleyo kwimigodi yemigodi evulekileyo ukuze iphile. I-elevator yentsimbi igcina ubomi kunye noqoqosho lwesi sixeko, kwaye inika ukubonakala kwayo kwangoku. Kwiminyaka elishumi eyadlulayo, Inkampani yemigodi igqibe kwelokuba kufuneka yandise amazibuko avulekileyo emigodi, kwaye kubo, isixeko kufuneka sifudukele. I-Geology imisela ezi ngxaki, kwaye umphezulu apho izindlu, izikolo kunye nezitrato zakhiwe khona namhlanje ziya kuginywa yimingxuma yexesha elizayo, ukuvumela ukuba kutsalwe intsimbi engaphezulu.

Isixeko siyashukuma

Kwiminyaka elishumi eyadlulayo, umsebenzi-mgodini wagqiba kwelokuba kufuneka andise amazibuko avulekileyo emigodi, yaye kubo kwafuneka ukuba isixeko sifuduke. I-Geology imisela ezi ngxaki, kwaye umphezulu apho izindlu, izikolo kunye nezitrato zakhiwe khona namhlanje ziya kuginywa yimingxuma yexesha elizayo, ukuvumela ukuba kutsalwe intsimbi engaphezulu.

Ke abaseSweden baqala ukwenza ishishini kwaye baqala ukwakha isixeko sesatellite malunga neekhilomitha ezi-5 empuma yeKiruna. Apho, kwiminyaka eyi-15, Abemi beso sixeko abangama-30.000 XNUMX bafuduka yaye namhlanje bahlala ikakhulu kwimimandla esentshona nomntla-ntshona.. Ngokomzekelo, abo bahlala kwincam yomgodi namhlanje.

Okwangoku, eli nyathelo liza kuvumela isixeko ukuba sifumane iziseko ezingundoqo ezithile ezithe iidolophu zakudala ezinemigodi zibangele isixeko. abafuni kuphulukana namaziko enkcubeko, amadama okuqubha, iithiyetha, njl. Oku kuya kuba lithuba lokuba abantu baseKiruna baphucule umgangatho wobomi babo, nangona iindleko zokulahlekelwa yinxalenye yentsimi yabo.

Uyilo lwedolophu luhambelana kakhulu nobume bemozulu yendawo, kunye nezitalato ezicutheneyo, ezijolise ekunqumleni umkhenkce nomoya wasentla, kunye nokwazisa okuzinzileyo, ukubeka phambili izithuthi zikawonkewonke kunye neendawo zabahambi ngeenyawo ngaphezu kwezithuthi. Mhlawumbi iKiruna entsha iya kuba nomtsalane ngakumbi kubahambi.

Izibane zaseMantla eKiruna

Izibane zasemaNtla

Kiruna ibekwe 145 iikhilomitha kumntla Arctic Circle, kwaye Ilanga lasezinzulwini zobusuku linokubonwa phakathi kwe-30 kaMeyi kunye ne-15 kaJulayi. Ubusuku obumhlophe babufutshane kangangeeveki ezimbalwa, ukusuka nge-13 kaDisemba ukuya kuJanuwari 5. Ukongeza kwiZibane zaseMntla, ezi ziganeko zinomtsalane kakhulu kubakhenkethi abaninzi beenkwenkwezi abandwendwela indawo enomkhenkce yeePaki zeSizwe zaseKiruna kunye ne-Abisko minyaka le, bakhangwa bubusuku bomlingo baseLapland.

I-Abisko National Park ifanelekile ukuleqa izibane zaseMntla, ukufunda ngezilwanyana zasendle, ukwalusa umsebenzi wenyamakazi, okanye ukuhamba ukusuka eSweden ukuya kwindawo enomdla yeentaba zeArctic ukuya kwiifjords zaseNorway. Zonke ezi meko zenza Ukhenketho lweenkwenkwezi eKiruna lunyuke ngaphezu kwe-300% kwiminyaka yamuva.

Ukubunjwa kwezibane ezingasentla kuhambelana nomsebenzi welanga, ukubunjwa kunye neempawu zomoya womhlaba. Izibane ezisenyakatho zinokubonwa kwindawo ejikelezayo ngaphezu kweepali zomhlaba. Bavela eLangeni. Kukho ukuqhushumba kwebhombu yamasuntswana e-subatomic avela kwiLanga ayenziwe kwisaqhwithi selanga. La masuntswana asusela emfusa ukuya kobomvu. Umoya welanga utshintsha amasuntswana kwaye xa bedibana nomhlaba wemagneti yomhlaba bayaphambuka kwaye kuphela yinxalenye yawo ebonwa ezipalini.

Kukho izifundo eziphanda ngezibane ezisemantla xa kusenzeka umoya welanga. Oku kwenzeka kuba, nangona izivunguvungu zelanga ziyaziwa ukuba zinazo ixesha eliyiminyaka eli-11, akunakwenzeka ukuqikelela xa i-aurora borealis iya kwenzeka.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga neKiruna kunye nezibane zaseMntla.


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