Inkanyamba yomlilo

Umlilo ujikeleza

Ngokuqinisekileyo xa usiva malunga inkanyamba yomlilo uyayamanisa nohlobo lwento eyenziweyo. Nangona kunjalo ezi zizitshingitshane ezinamandla ezinokuthi zenzeke ngokwendalo. Zidla ngokwenzeka xa kusenzeka umlilo omkhulu wehlathi. Umzekelo, imizekelo eliqela yezi zinto zinikiwe kwimililo yase-Australia.

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela zonke iimpawu, imvelaphi kunye neziphumo zesaqhwithi somlilo.

Yintoni inkanyamba yomlilo

Inkanyamba yomlilo

Xa umlilo omkhulu wehlathi usenzeka, ulawulo lomoya olomeleleyo luyafuneka ukuze kubekho inkanyamba. Kwimililo eyenzeka e-Australia, kwabonwa ezona zinto zoyikisayo zemililo. Imalunga nokwenziwa kwe- iinkanyamba ezininzi ezivuthayo ngexesha lomlilo. Ezi zinto zixhaphakileyo azibonwa kumathafa ase-Australia kodwa ziyingozi kakhulu kwiimeko apho imililo ifunyenwe khona.

Iinkanyamba zomlilo zikwabizwa ngokuba zii-firenados kwaye abananto yakwenza neenkanyamba eziqhelekileyo. Ukwakheka kwayo kungenxa yokuba xa kukho indibaniselwano phakathi kobushushu obugqithisileyo ngenxa yamaqondo obushushu aphezulu enza ukuba umhlaba ugcine ubushushu obuninzi. Ukongeza, ukwanda kwamaqondo obushushu aphantsi komhlaba emlilweni kubangela ukuba kudityaniswe nongqameko lomoya opholileyo ovuthuza kuwo. Njengokuba umoya ofudumeleyo ungaphantsi kokuxineneyo uhlala unyuka kwaye le gradient yeqondo lobushushu, ebangela umahluko, ibangela ukuba ikholamu yomoya iveliswe ekhula ngokukhawuleza kwaye iqale ukujikeleza.

Ukuba ikholamu yomoya oshushu idibana nendawo apho umlilo uqhubeka khona ikholamu yomoya iya kutsala umlilo ibangele inkanyamba yomlilo. Njengoko izuza isantya esikhulu, inkanyamba iqala ukutshabalalisa onke amalahle kunye nezinto ezinokutsha. Le nqaba yomlilo yenziweyo inokubakho komonakalo omkhulu njengoko itshabalalisa yonke indlela yayo.

Iimpawu eziphambili

Ukuqulunqwa kwenkanyamba evuthayo

Njengoko sibonile, kuthatha iqondo lobushushu ukusuka emhlabeni ukuya emoyeni ukuze kubekho inkanyamba yomlilo. Ngokuyintloko siyabona ukuba iqondo lobushushu emhlabeni liphezulu kakhulu kunelo lokubanda komoya kubanda. Oku kubangela ukuba umoya oxineneyo unyuke ngamandla. Ezi nkanyamba zingafikelela kumaqondo obushushu angaphakathi ukuya kuthi ga kwi-1.500 degrees. Kungenxa yoko le nto benokubanakho ukuphanzisa okunje.

Olunye uphawu ezinazo ezi nkanyamba sisantya abanokuhamba ngaso. Kuxhomekeke kulawulo lomoya kunye Ukuqina komlilo kungavelisa imimoya efikelela kuma-250 km / h. Esi santya sixhomekeke nakumahluko wobushushu okhoyo phakathi komhlaba nomoya ngobude. Umkhulu umahluko kwezi zinto zigqithisileyo, isantya esikhulu apho inkanyamba zihamba kunye nomoya uphuma.

Ezi nkanyamba zomlilo zibangele umonakalo omkhulu kwimililo e-Australia. Nangona imililo kunye nemililo ziyinxalenye yomjikelo wendalo wamahlathi, utshintsho lwemozulu luyakhawulezisa ezi nkqubo. Umzekelo, ihlobo elide, amaqondo obushushu aphezulu kunye nobushushu obukhulu obenzekayo, efikelela kumaxabiso ama-50 degrees kwiindawo ezininzi. Njengoko besesitshilo ngaphambili, ubungakanani beqondo lobushushu elilelona liphakathi komhlaba kunye nomoya obandayo kwindawo ephezulu, kokukhona kunokwenzeka ukuba ezi ziganeko ziqatha zenziwe. Kwaye inyani kukuba xa imililo ingaphaya apho kunye nobushushu obuphezulu, ezi nkanyamba zomlilo zinokuveliswa rhoqo kunye nokuqina.

Iinkanyamba zomlilo ezirekhodiweyo

Uninzi lwazo zonke iinkanyamba ezinkulu ezenzeke kwiplanethi ziye zavela kwimililo yequbuliso. Kwezi ziganeko sinokufumana ukunyuka nokujika kwemisinga yomoya ofudumeleyo. Ezi nkanyamba zihlala zineendawo eziphakamileyo phakathi kwe-10 kunye ne-50 yeemitha ukuphakama kunye neemitha ezimbalwa ububanzi. Enye yeempawu ezaziwa yile nkanyamba lixesha elifutshane. Ihlala kuphela imizuzu embalwa. Nangona kunjalo, nangona ixesha labo lifinyeziwe, isantya abakha ngaso kunye nalapho bahamba khona sibangela umonakalo omkhulu.

Ezinye zezona nkanyamba zivuthayo kuyo yonke imbali zenzeka ngeMfazwe yesibini (II) yeHlabathi. Zenzeka kwizixeko zaseJamani ezinje ngeHamburg ngexesha le-Operation Gomorrah, apho kwasweleka khona abantu abangama-43. Kwakhona ngexesha le-Dresden Bombardment, eyabangela umlilo omkhulu kwisixeko esincinci kwaye yavelisa isaqhwithi somlilo yabulala phakathi kwama-25 nama-40 abantu, ukongeza ekutshabalaliseni isiqingatha sesixeko.

Iqhwithi lomlilo kunye notshintsho lwemozulu

Kufuneka ithathelwe ingqalelo ukuba utshintsho lwemozulu lunokuguqula iimeko zokusingqongileyo kwinqanaba lehlabathi. Izinto eziguquguqukayo zemozulu zineebhalansi zazo ezisekwe kwixabiso lemitha yelanga esihlala siyifumana. Imitha yelanga ibangela uninzi lwazo zonke iimeko zemozulu kwihlabathi liphela. Kuxhomekeke kubungakanani bemitha yelanga efikelela kuthi, kukho ulawulo lomoya olunye okanye olunye.

Kule nto songeza ukugcinwa kobushushu ngeegesi zegreenhouse. Ukwanda kwezi gesi emoyeni kubangela ukwanda kwamaqondo obushushu ehlabathi. Eyona nto iphambili kwezi gesi kukugcina ubushushu. Ngokufumana ubushushu obungaphezulu ngokuqhubekayo kuchaphazela zonke izinto eziguquguqukayo zemozulu kunye nokusebenza kwazo.

Yile ndlela iziganeko zemozulu ezibi kakhulu ezenzeka ngamandla amakhulu. Iziganeko esizidwelisayo njengembalela, izikhukula, iimvula ezinkulu, amaza obushushu, njl. Ngale meko, izehlo ezinobungozi ezinje ngenkanyamba zomlilo ziba rhoqo. Umgangatho ophakamileyo womlilo, kokukhona kunokwenzeka ukuba enye yezi zinto ziyakwenzeka.

Njengoko ubona, ezi ziganeko zigqithisileyo zinokubangela umonakalo omkhulu kwaye ziyaphuculwa ziziphumo zotshintsho lwemozulu. Ndiyathemba ukuba ngale ngcaciso ungafunda ngakumbi malunga nenkanyamba yomlilo.


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