I-Anthropocentrism

Iimpawu ze-anthropocentrism

Namhlanje siza kuthetha ngohlobo lwemfundiso engqina indawo ephambili yomntu kwindalo iphela. Imalunga nayo ingcaciso Kulengcinga yangoku sifumanisa ukuba umntu unoxanduva kwaye uphakathi kwazo zonke izinto. Ukuba sihlalutya ukubaluleka ukusuka kwindawo yokujonga i-anthropocentrism sibona ukuba kuphela yiminqweno yabantu kuphela ekufuneka beqwalaselwe ngokuziphatha. Luhlobo olwahlukileyo lokukhetha kwi-theocentrism eyayilawula kumaXesha Aphakathi.

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyifumana malunga ne-anthropocentrism kunye neempawu zayo.

Iimpawu eziphambili

ingcaciso

I-Theocentrism yayiyimfundiso yangaphambili apho uThixo wayejongwa njengeziko lendalo yonke kwaye waqondisa yonke into, kubandakanya imisebenzi yabantu. Kuba obu buthathaka bobuthixo babuphulukana nokubaluleka kwimbali ngokuhamba kwexesha, lonke uxanduva lanikwa umntu. Ngale ndlela, yiminqweno yabantu kuphela efumana ingqalelo yokuziphatha kwaye ingaphezulu kwayo yonke imicimbi ebalulekileyo. Ukuhamba ukusuka kwi-theocentrism ukuya kwi-anthropocentrism kwakuthetha ukuba lonke uxanduva ababenalo oothixo kunye nokubaluleka kwabo kuya kuba ngumntu. Oku kubangele utshintsho olukhulu kokubini nakwimimandla yobugcisa.

Siyazi ukuba kwavela ekuqaleni kwexesha langoku ngokuchanekileyo phakathi kosasazo phakathi kwamaxesha aphakathi kunye nexesha langoku. Ngoko phantse yonke impucuko sele iguqukile kokubini kwinqanaba lokuziphatha, lokuziphatha, lezomthetho kunye nefilosofi. Oku kubenza babe neenkxalabo ezithile zokwazi ukuba ngubani onoxanduva kwindalo iphela. Ukuba sisanikezela ngolwazi lweentanda-bulumko ezithile kwimpucuko yakudala sifumana uphando lwezenzululwazi oluzama ukufumana ukuba yintoni imvelaphi yomntu. Olu phando lukhokelele kuluntu lwelo xesha ukuba libuze i-theocentrism. Ngamanye amagama, xa kukhangelwa imvelaphi yomntu, inzala yalahleka kwaye inyani yokuba oothixo babeziko lendalo iphela kwabuzwa.

I-Anthropocentrism kunye nokutshintsha kwengqondo

Isiseko somntu kwindalo iphela

Iziphumo zotshintsho kwimfundiso yayiyindlela entsha yokucinga. Apha kufakwe isikimu sengqondo esasinomntu ophambili kuye njengoyena mntu uphakamileyo nakwiziko lendalo iphela. Olu hlobo lwemfundiso luthathela ingqalelo ukuba isizathu kufuneka sibe sisikhokelo sodwa sokuba abantu baqhubele phambili kwaye baphuhle. Bahamba ekubeni nokholo njengenjini yemfundiso yokuqiqa. Kuya kufuneka kukhunjulwe ukuba lonke olu tshintsho lwengqondo lubangele uguquko lwazo zonke iinkolelo ngelo xesha.

Imfundiso ye-anthropocentrism yayisekwe umntu uzimele kuzo zonke iinkolelo zonqulo kunye nebhayibhile kunye namabali. Onke la mabali ukuza kuthi ga kuloo mzuzu abandakanya umntu kunye nokunyanzeliswa koluntu ukuba lenze izinto ezithile okanye zigcine isimilo esithile.

Siza kushwankathela ukuba zeziphi ezona ntshukumo ziphambili ezazisisiseko sokutshintsha kwengqondo ngenxa yokungeniswa kwe-anthropocentrism.

I-Renacimiento

Yintshukumo yobugcisa eyavela kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX kwaye yavela emantla e-Itali. Le ntshukumo yobugcisa inokumelwa kwaye ibonakaliswe ngokupeyinta, ngokuzoba kunye noyilo loyilo. Igama lokuvuselelwa ngokutsha livela kwinto yokuba kule ndlela kusetyenziswe ezinye zeempawu zesiko lesiGrike kunye nelaseRoma. Ngenxa yokuba i-anthropocentrism ikwazile ukulawula lonke ixesha, amagcisa amaninzi athathe ithuba lokuguqulela ukubonakaliswa kwabo kwimisebenzi. Umzekelo, Kwakukho imbonakalo emininzi yomzimba womntu eyenziwe bubugcisa bamaGrike namaRoma. Kwakukho neminye imisinga yobugcisa eyathi yasebenza ukubuyisa ezinye iindlela zobunye bemilinganiselo kunye nobungakanani obalahleka ngokuhamba kwexesha.

I-Anthropocentrism yabangela ukuba ukuvuselelwa kwakhona kwasasazeka kulo lonke elaseYurophu kwaye kusebenze de kube yinkulungwane ye-XNUMX.

Ubuntu

Enye yeentshukumo zengqondo apho i-anthropocentrism yayishwankathelwa. Inokuvela e-Italiya ngenkulungwane yeshumi elinesine kwaye yavakaliswa kumacandelo ahlukeneyo anje nge ifilosofi, uncwadi kunye nezakwalizwi. Ifilosofi awayeyinyanzelisile kwi-anthropocentrism yeza ukuze ibuye isiko lamaGrike nelamaRoma. Ezi zithethe zakudala zikwabeka umntu njengento kunye neziko lokufunda kunye noxanduva lokuba liziko lendalo iphela.

Ngalo lonke eli xesha apho ubuntu baphumelela khona, iinguqulelo ezahlukeneyo kunye nokusasazwa kweminye imisebenzi yamaGrike namaRoma yenziwa. Le misebenzi iya kuhlala ifihliwe ngenxa yobukho be-theocentrism ngexesha lamaXesha Aphakathi. Kufuneka iqatshelwe into yokuba, nangona umntu wayethathwa njengeziko lendalo yonke kwaye ejongene nazo zonke izinto, zange nanini na inkolo ilahlwe ngokupheleleyo. Ubuntu buye basasazeka kuyo yonke iYurophu kwaye bafikelela kwincopho yayo phakathi kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX neye-XNUMX.

Imiba esisiseko ye-anthropocentrism

inkcubeko yobuntu

Siza kuhlalutya ezona zinto ziphambili ze-anthropocentrism njengemfundiso. Gcina ukhumbule ukuba uphawu oluphambili kukuba umntu kwaye ayingoThixo obekwe embindini wengcinga. Ngenxa yoko, bazalwa bephuma kwezinye iingcinga kunye nemisinga eyayisasazeka kuluntu lwelo xesha.

Enkosi kwiimpawu zale mfundiso sifumana ukuzithemba okupheleleyo emntwini. Kwakuthenjiwe ngokupheleleyo kuyo yonke into eyindalo yomntu kwaye nako oku ukuze kube nakho ukulawula imeko-bume. Uzuko kunye nodumo lomntu unyaka injongo yomntu wonke. Ixabiso eliphezulu lanikwa udumo, uzuko, amandla okanye udumo. Bafikelele kwinqanaba apho babejongwa njengamabhongo ahamba ngokwexabiso lomntu. Oko kukuthi, abantu ababengenadumo okanye amandla babengenaxabiso.

Konke oku kubangele ukuba nethemba. Nangona bekukho inkxalabo enkulu kubomi basemhlabeni, umbono wokuba umntu uphile ukonwabela apha kwaye ngoku woyisile. Oku kwaziwa njenge i-carpe diem. Kwaye kwakuthetha ukuba umhlaba uyeke ukuba yindawo yokuhamba kwaye waba yindawo eyonwabela ngokupheleleyo.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga ne-anthropocentrism kunye neempawu zayo.


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