Yenzeka njani i-tsunami

megatsunami

Iitsunami ziziganeko ezinokubangela umonakalo Iyakwazi ukutshabalalisa zonke izixeko zonxweme ngemizuzu. Luludwe lwamaza oluveliswa elwandle ngenxa yenyikima, ukuqhekeka komhlaba, ukuqhuma kwentaba-mlilo okanye iimpembelelo zeasteroid.

Ukuba ufuna ukwazi zenzeka njani iitsunami?Emva koko ndiza kuchaza ngokweenkcukacha yonke into enxulumene nezi zinto.

Yintoni iitsunami?

Abo bathanda ukusefa bahlala bekhangela elona wave lihle "lokuloyisa", ngelixa bonwabele ulwandle kunye neemeko zalo. Nangona kunjalo, i-tsunami ayingomdlalo. Le nto inokubulala ngokulula abantu abalishumi elinambini njengaleyo yenzeka ngo-2004 kuLwandlekazi lwaseIndiya, yaza yabangela ukufa 436.983 abantu.

Amaza ezi zinto zinokulinganisa ngokulula ngaphezulu 100km ubude, ubude obufikelela kwiimitha ezingama-30, kwaye uhambe ngesantya se-700km / h, ke kufuneka ubaleke kubo ngokukhawuleza okukhulu.

Ziveliswa njani?

Njengoko besesitshilo, zinokuveliswa ngeendlela ezininzi:

  • Iinyikima zangaphantsi kwamanzi: ezi ntshukumo zenyikima zenziwa kukuhamba kwamacwecwe eteknoloji eMhlabeni. Ngokwenza njalo, amanzi angaphezulu aphakama kwaye awe ngenxa yenyikima ngokwayo kunye namandla omxhuzulane. Ngeli xesha, amanzi ahamba ngokuzama ukufikelela kwindawo ezinzileyo.
  • Ukuwa komhlabaIitsunami zinokuveliswa ngenxa yokuncipha kolwandle.
  • Ukuqhuma kwentaba-mlilo ngaphantsi kwamanzi: Iintaba-mlilo ezingaphantsi kwamanzi zinokuvelisa amandla aneleyo okwenza ikholamu enkulu yamanzi eya kuthi ibangele ezi zinto.
  • Iimpembelelo ze-AsteroidLa matye makhulu, ngethamsanqa afikelela kumhlaba omncinci kakhulu, aphazamisa amanzi angaphezulu. Amandla anje ngokuba iitsunami ezibalulekileyo zinokuveliswa.

ITsunami eFlorida

Siyathemba ukuba ufunde ngakumbi ngezi zinto.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.