Imigxobhozo yaseMadrid

Amadama eMadrid

Amachibi oovimba bamanzi beqhinga lokubonelela amaziko asezidolophini. Nangona zenziwe kwaye zenziwe ngabantu, kunye nemigxobhozo zenza i-ecosystem exabisekileyo. Bayaziwa nangobuhle babo obungafaniyo bendalo njengoko begcina imifanekiso ebalulekileyo yezityalo nezilwanyana. Ngokukodwa iintaka zasemanzini ziyaziwa. Inkqubo ye- imigxobhozo yaseMadrid Ziyaziwa kwaye zihlala zivavanywa kubakhenkethi.

Ke ngoko, siza kulinikela eli nqaku ukuba likuxelele ngazo zonke iimpawu nokubaluleka kwemigxobhozo yaseMadrid.

Imigxobhozo yaseMadrid

Imigxobhozo ekhuselweyo

Iindawo ezinjengeemigxobhozo kunye namachibi adibaniswe nommandla wamanzi. Ukongeza, baphantsi koxinzelelo oluphezulu lwedemokhrasi kwaye konke oku kunefuthe kulondolozo lomgangatho wamanzi kunye nezinto eziphilayo ezinxulumene noko. Ke ngoko, kuthathwe isigqibo sokuba kuthathwe amanyathelo ngeendlela ukuze kukwazi ukukhusela le nkqubo yezinto eziphilayo. Siyayazi loo nto Uluntu lwaseMadrid lunamachibi ali-14 kunye nemigxobhozo ekhuselweyo engama-23 Ezibandakanyiweyo kwikhathalogu yamachibi kunye nemigxobhozo. Ezi zithuba zibandakanyiwe njengoko zinempawu zendalo kwaye ziqulathe isixa esikhulu samanzi sonikezelo.

Siyayazi ukuba lichibi elihambisa amanzi angengowakhe eligcinwayo lize londliwe yimilambo nemisinga. Amanzi asetyenziselwa ukubonelela, ukunkcenkceshela, ukusetyenziswa kwamanzi kunye nabanye. Kukho izitya eziphakamileyo neziphakathi kwimilambo yeedama zaseMadrid ezo Bazalwa ziintaba zaseGuadarrama naseSomosierra. Uninzi lwala madama lubekwe kwiindawo ezingahambanga rhoqo kwaye oku kukhuthaze uphuhliso lwezinto eziphilayo ezinxulumene namanzi. Ezi zinto ziphilayo zisebenza njengendawo yokuzimela yeentlobo ezininzi ezahlukeneyo. Zonke iindawo ezingqonge imigxobhozo yaseMadrid zifumene iimpawu ezizodwa nezinomdla. Le midla ibumbene phakathi kokuxhaphaza kunye nemisebenzi yezolimo kunye nemfuyo.

Ikhathalogu yemigxobhozo yaseMadrid

Imigxobhozo ekhuselweyo yemadrid

Makhe sibone ukuba ngawaphi amadama ali-14 abandakanyiwe kwikhathalogu yezikhongozeli kunye nemigxobhozo ekhuselweyo yoluntu lwaseMadrid:

  • Umlambo waseLozoya: iPinilla, iRiosequillo, iPuentes Viejas, i-El Villar kunye ne-El Atazar.
  • Isitya somlambo iGuadalixIdama lasePedrezuela.
  • Umlambo waseManzanares: amadama iNavacerrada, iSantillana kunye ne-El Pardo.
  • Umlambo waseGuadarrama: iLa Jarosa, iLos Arroyos kunye neValmayor.
  • IAlberche river basin: amadama eSan Juan nasePicadas.

Amachibi adwelisiweyo aneziCwangciso zoLawulo ngaphandle:

  • ISantillana Reservoir, njengoko ibandakanyiwe kwiCuenca Alta del Manzanares Regional Park.
  • El Pardo Reservoir, njengoko ikwiMonte del Pardo (yeLifa leMveli leSizwe).
  • Embalse de San Juan, kuba umhlaba wayo wahlulwe phakathi koLuntu oluZimeleyo eMadrid naseCastilla-León.

Iimpawu zamadama akhuselweyo

Imigxobhozo yaseMadrid

Ngoku siza kuhlalutya ukuba zeziphi ezona mpawu ziphambili njengesishwankathelo semigxobhozo yaseMadrid:

  • IPinilla yokugcina: Oomasipala baseLuzoya nasePinilla del Valle bakhona kwaye inendawo engamahektare angama-443.
  • Idama laseRiosequillo: Ime koomasipala baseBuitrago de Lozoya, Gargantilla del Lozoya kunye neGarganta de los Montes kwaye inendawo engama-322 eehektare. Inesicwangciso soLawulo lweMithombo yeNdalo eSierra del Guadarrama.
  • Idama lasePuentes Viejas: kukho oomasipala basePiñuécar, ePuentes Viejas, eBuitrago de Lozoya Madarcos naseGascones. Inommandla weehektare ezingama-268.
  • Idama lase-El Villar: Ime koomasipala basePuentes Viejas, eRobledillo de la Jara naseBerzosa de Lozoya. Inomphezulu weehektare ezili-136 zomphezulu wamanzi.
  • Idama lase-El Atazar: Ime koomasipala base-El Berrueco, eRobledillo de la Jara, e-El Atazar, eCervera de Buitrago, ePuentes Viejas nasePatones. Inendawo engaphezulu kwe-1.055 yeehektare zomhlaba. Ngenxa yobukhulu bayo obukhulu, yenye yezona ndawo zibalulekileyo zamadama eMadrid.
  • Idama lasePedrezuelaimi koomasipala baseGuadalix de la Sierra, Pedrezuela naseVenturada. Umphezulu wamanzi ziihektare ezingama-415. Elinye lamanani okhuseleko yiLIC Cuenca del Río Guadalix.
  • Idama laseSantillana: kukho oomasipala baseManzanares El Real kunye neSoto del Real. Indawo engaphezulu yamanzi ziihektare ezili-1.431 kwaye inamanye amanani okhuselo anjengeManzanares River Basin SCI. Ikwayenye yeyona migxobhozo ibaluleke kakhulu eMadrid ngenxa yobungakanani bayo kunye namandla okugcina amanzi.
  • Idama laseNavacerrada: yeyabo masipala baseNavacerrada, Becerril de la Sierra kunye neCollado Mediano. Inommandla weehektare ezingama-91 kuphela. Isetyenziselwa ukuhambisa indawo ezikufuphi kunye nokunkcenkceshela.
  • Idama laseJarosaUmasipala ekuphela kwakhe apho wandisa khona eGuadarrama. Ngenye yezona ndawo zincinci zincinci eMadrid ezineehektare ezingama-58 zomhlaba. Ngaphandle koku, inesicwangciso solawulo lobutyebi bendalo esiseSierra de Guadarrama.
  • Idama lase-El PardoUmasipala waseMadrid ubekwe kwaye unendawo engaphezulu kwe-1.179 yeehektare. Ithathelwa ingqalelo njenge-ZEPA (Indawo eKhuselekileyo yoKhuseleko lweeNtaka). Ikwalilifa lemveli lesizwe.
  • Idama laseArroyos: Yeyomasipala wase-El Escorial kuba incinci kakhulu. Inomphezulu kuphela weehektare ezili-12 zamanzi.
  • Indawo yokugcina iValmayor: Ime koomasipala base-El Escorial, eValdemorillo, eColmenarejo naseGalapagar. Inendawo engaphezulu komhlaba weehektare ezingama-775 zomhlaba. Iqwalaselwa njengepaki yengingqi yekhosi ephakathi yomlambo iGuadarrama kunye nokuyingqongileyo.
  • Idama laseSan Juan: Oomasipala baseSan Martín de Valdeiglesias nasePelayos de la Presa. Inommandla weehektare eziyi-1.235, ibe yenye yezona zinkulu. Ikwanamanani okhuselo anje ngeeZEPA Encinares zemilambo iAlberche neCofio kunye neZEC Cuencas zemilambo iAlberche neCofio. I-ZEC yindawo ekhethekileyo yolondolozo. Kungenxa yesixa sayo esikhulu seentyatyambo kunye nezilwanyana ezikwezi ndawo.
  • Idama lepike: Eyoomasipala baseNavas del Rey, eSan Martín de Valdeiglesias nasePelayos de la Presa. Inommandla weehektare ezingama-74 zomhlaba kuphela. Ikway ZEPA kunye neZEC ngenxa yobukho bayo obukhulu beentaka ezifudukayo.

Ndiyathemba ukuba olu lwazi ungafunda ngakumbi malunga nemigxobhozo yaseMadrid kunye neempawu zazo eziphambili.


Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa. ezidingekayo ziphawulwe *

*

*

  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.