iliso lomhlaba

ukuqhekeka kwamanzi

Ifihlwe emazantsi ecawa yamaOthodoki kwidolophu encinci kwidolophu yaseCroatia yaseSibenik-Knin yeyona ndawo inokuba yenye yezona ndawo zinomdla kwiAdriatic. Ubuncinci inomtsalane ngokwaneleyo ukuba ufumane isiteketiso iliso lomhlaba kwaye nyaka ngamnye itsala amaqela abakhenkethi abeza kwindawo ukuze banandiphe imbonakalo yelizwe kwaye bagoduke neenkumbulo ezimnandi.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke into ofuna ukuyazi malunga neliso lomhlaba, iimpawu zayo kunye nolwazi.

Yintoni iliso loMhlaba

iliso lomhlaba

Iliso loMhlaba liyintwasahlobo enomtsalane ethi, ngenxa yobume bayo obumbhoxo kunye nombala wayo, ithatha imithunzi etyebileyo eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ngokuxhomekeke kubufu nobunzulu, kwaye ijongeka njengeliso, iibhola zamehlo zokwenyani zeDrako.

Imvelaphi yayo ikwiNtaba yeDinara, iikhilomitha ezimbalwa ukusuka apho. Ngokuhamba kwexesha, amanzi ahamba ngaphantsi kweenyawo, emiqolombeni kunye nemilambo engaphantsi komhlaba, kwaye ekugqibeleni athululela emithonjeni eyahlukeneyo, njenge-Eye of the Earth, enye yemithombo yoMlambo waseCetina.

Kule minyaka, abanye abatshuzi baye bantywila ukuya kwi-115 leemitha ukuqonda ubunzulu bayo. Kwinqaku elapapashwa kulo nyaka uphelileyo yiSeti Institute, kwade kwathethwa malunga noyilo olumalunga neemitha ezili-150. Kungakhathaliseki imilinganiselo yobuso bayo: ukusuka kwelinye icala ukuya kwelinye, ubude bayo bungaphezu kwama-33 m.

Nangona kunjalo, abo bazimisele ukulibala enzonzobileni phantsi kweenyawo zabo kunye nentloko ukuya entwasahlobo baya kufumanisa ukuba iqondo lokushisa alifanelekanga kubo bonke abaphulaphuli, mhlawumbi malunga ne-8 degrees. I-Eye of the Earth ikwangomnye wemithombo yoMlambo i-Chetina, ophuma kwi-Miracebo kunye luhamba iikhilomitha ezili-105 ukuya kuthululela kuLwandle lweAdriatic kwizibuko elidala laseOmis. Ngaphambili, phakathi kwamanye amanqaku, idlula inxalenye yeSingi kunye nechibi lokwenziwa lasePerucha. Ukongeza ekutsaleni abakhenkethi kunye nokubonelela ngamanzi, lo mlambo ukwasetyenziselwa ukuvelisa umbane oqhutywa ngamanzi. Umgca ochanekileyo malunga neekhilomitha ezingamashumi amahlanu ukusuka kunxweme lwaseCroatia.

Ixabiso lendalo leLiso loMhlaba

iliso lomhlaba

Ngelixa ukwenza ubutyebi kwihlabathi liphela kubizwa ngokuba "Iliso Lomhlaba", le grotto ikwabizwa ngokuba yiVeliko vrilo okanye iGlavas. Kanye kunye neVukovića vrilo kunye neBatića vrilo, yenye yemithombo ebalulekileyo yomlambo waseCetina. Ngenxa yexabiso elikhulu lendalo, ziye zakhuselwa njengezikhumbuzo ze-hydrological ukususela ngo-1972. Indawo yonke yemithombo iphantse ibe yi-30 yeehektare.

Iliso loMhlaba ayisiyiyo yodwa enomtsalane kule ndawo. Iimitha ezimbalwa ukusuka entwasahlobo yiCawa ye-Ascension, itempile ye-Orthodox ukusuka kwinkulungwane yokugqibela, kwaye kungekude unokubona iintsalela zecawa ukususela ekuqaleni kwekhulu le-35. Kufutshane nezixeko ezinjengeVrlika, okanye izixeko esele zikhudlwana njengeSinj, iKnin neDrnis, malunga neekhilomitha ezingama-XNUMX.

Nangona kunjalo, intwasahlobo yaseCroatia ayikho yodwa - ingcamango encinane, ewe - ibonakala idibanisa ngeso. KwiNtaba yeHachimantai eJapan, umgxobhozo wesipili unomtsalane kwaye ubizwa ngokuba yi "Lake Longan". Eli gama libangelwa ukuba minyaka yonke, ixesha elifutshane entwasahlobo, imbonakalo ekhangayo ibonakala. Xa iintaba zinyibilika, ikhephu kumbindi womgxobhozo wesibuko lijikelezwe sisangqa samanzi acwengileyo acwengileyo, akhumbuza abafundi abakhulu.

Enye indawo enomdla yi-eI-Kerid Lake e-Iceland, i-55 yeemitha ubunzulu kunye ne-turquoise eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, efakwe kwi "Golden Circle" yendlela yabakhenkethi. Inkangeleko yayo ekhangayo ayithethi ukuba kwiminyaka embalwa edlulileyo umfanekiso wobuxoki kunye nohlaziywayo wajikeleza, obonisa ukufana kwawo neso lomntu onabafundi abahlanjululweyo.

Imvelaphi kunye nokwakheka

ichibi elinzulu

Imvelaphi ye "Iso Lomhlaba" ibekwe ngaphakathi kweNtaba iDinara (i-1831 m), iikhilomitha ezimbalwa, kwaye igama layo livela kwi-Dinara Alps, enye yeentaba eziphambili ze-limestone eYurophu, esele isinika umkhondo obalulekileyo. . Kangangeenkulungwane, imiwonyo egrunjwe ngamanzi ibisetyenziswa dala iindledlana eziphazamisayo, oololiwe kunye neendlela, kwaye indawo ixinene kwaye ayifikeleleki.

Amatye eCarbonate (ikakhulu i-calcareous kunye ne-dolomites) ayanyibilika. Iipateni zeKarst zinokuvela ngokulula ukuba amanzi emvula ongeza i-carbonic acid kuwo ngaphambi kokuba ahlasele. Oku kuzibonakalisa ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo, owona mzekelo unomtsalane yimiqolomba, imiwonyo, iingxangxasi, iqula okanye umthombo. Ngaphantsi kweNtaba iDinara kukho i-labyrinth yemilambo engaphantsi komhlaba equkuqela kwimiqolomba engenakubalwa kumhlaba ongaphantsi komhlaba ngaphambi kokuba inyukele phezulu ukuze yenze amachibi amawele amathathu ekristale: iVukovica Vrilo, iBatica Vrilo, neVeliko Vrilo.

Intwasahlobo yokugqibela inemilo yebhola yamehlo eyahlukileyo ebonakalayo ngokugqibeleleyo kwiinduli ezijikeleze i-lagoon, inika igama lesidlaliso se-Eye of the Earth. Nangona xa uthi krwaqu nje kungabonakali ukuba inobunzulu obuninzi, yinkohliso ye-optical.

Ukuza kuthi ga namhlanje, ubunzulu obuchanekileyo abukakaziwa. Abona bakhaliphileyo baphinda bahlambe emanzini ayo anomkhenkce, nangona eyona ixhaphakileyo kukukhwela inqanawa okanye ukubheqa ukuze ukonwabele imbonakalo.

Le ntwasahlobo ikhethekileyo yenye yemithombo ephambili yoMlambo iCetina, owona mlambo mde kumbindi weDalmatia, oqukuqela ngexesha. ngaphezu kwe-100 km phambi kokudlula kwingingqi yeSinikarst ukuya kuLwandle lweAdriatic, ngakumbi i-Austrian Ichweba elidala lepirate laseMish. Ukongeza kwixabiso lezokhenketho, umlambo ubonelela ngamanzi kubamelwane, iinkomo, izityalo zombane wamanzi kunye namatye amatye asele ekhona, ngaphandle kokulibala izinto ezibalulekileyo zezinto zakudala ezifunyenwe ecaleni kwamanzi acwecwe.

Njengoko ubona, kukho iindawo ezinomdla kwiplanethi yethu ekufanele ukuba uzibone. Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga neLiso loMhlaba kunye neempawu zalo.


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