Iintaba-mlilo kwiiCanary Islands

ukukhululeka kweecanaries

Iziqithi zaseCanary zinemvelaphi yentaba-mlilo kuphela, zithandwa yijografi ekhethekileyo evelisa iimeko zemozulu ezithathwa njengezona "zezona zibalaseleyo emhlabeni", ezibangela ugqabhuko-dubulo lwendalo olwenza ezi ziqithi zibe zodwa. I iintaba-mlilo kwii canaries baye bashiya uphawu lwabo ngendlela yokuhamba kwelava, i-craters okanye i-calderas.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke into okufuneka uyazi malunga neentaba-mlilo kwiiCanary Islands, imvelaphi yazo, iimpawu kunye nokuqhuma.

Iintaba-mlilo kwiiCanary Islands

iintaba-mlilo ezisebenzayo zeziqithi zeCanary

Iziqithi zaseCanary zinezinga eliphezulu lentaba-mlilo xa lithelekiswa nelizwe lonke laseSpain. Okwangoku, akukho datha ininzi malunga nokuba zingaphi iintaba-mlilo ezikhoyo, kunye Kuqikelelwa ukuba iintaba-mlilo ezingama-30 kwiiCanary Islands. Iziqithi ezineentaba-mlilo ezininzi yiGran Canaria, iTenerife kunye neLa Palma.

Umsebenzi wentaba-mlilo kwiZiqithi zaseCanary unemvelaphi kugqabhuko-dubulo olukhulu lwentaba-mlilo kuqweqwe lolwandle-Atlantiki ngaphezu kwezigidi ezingama-30 zeminyaka eyadlulayo. Ngoko, Iziqithi zezinye zezona ndawo zinezinto ezininzi eziphilayo ehlabathini, kunye nemvelo enyulu kunye nendalo yasendle, edityaniswe namanxweme ayo, yenza kube ngaphezu kwendawo ekhangayo yabakhenkethi.

Ke ngoko, iZiqithi zaseCanary, njengezona ziqithi zininzi zentaba-mlilo, zizakhiwo eziphuma emazantsi olwandle, kangangokuba i-10% yolwakhiwo lwesiqithi luphuma ngaphezulu komphakamo wolwandle. Le nyaniso ibonisa ukuba kusekho ingubo ebalulekileyo yentaba-mlilo ngaphantsi.

Ngoku, siza kubona ezona ntaba-mlilo zi-5 zibaluleke kakhulu kwiCanary Islands:

 IBandama Caldera – iGran Canaria

ICaldera de Bandama ibekwe phakathi kwemiqathango kamasipala yaseLas Palmas de Gran Canaria, Telde kunye neSanta Brígida. Yindawo etsala abakhenkethi abaninzi ngenxa yobukhulu bayo, iindonga eziphakamileyo, ukugrunjwa komqolomba okufunyenwe ngaphakathi kunye nendawo ekuyo ngaphakathi kweBandama Natural Monument.

Le crater yavela kwinkqubo yokudubula kwentaba-mlilo mhlawumbi eyaqala malunga nama-4.000 ukuya kuma-5.000 eminyaka eyadlulayo. Yenye yezona ntaba-mlilo zinomtsalane kwiiCanary Islands, zombini iincopho zayo kunye necaldera yayo, kuba zizinto ezimbini zendalo ezinobunye ezitsala hayi kuphela abakhenkethi abaninzi kodwa nomdla wesayensi.

 Teide-Tenerife

Yeyona idumileyo, kodwa ayisiyiyo yodwa esinokuyifumana eTenerife. Kwi-3.178 yeemitha, yeyona ntaba iphakamileyo eSpain kunye nentaba-mlilo yesithathu ephakamileyo emhlabeni. Nangona kunjalo, umtsalane wayo ukwalele kwintlobo-ntlobo zezityalo nezilwanyana eziphilayo, iyenza ibe ngamava okunyukela phezulu.

Ubunzima obuyilwe nguTeide-Pico Viejo yeyona ndawo yokugqibela yokwakhiwa kwentaba-mlilo enkulu kwisiqithi saseTenerife kunye nentaba-mlilo yokugqibela esekwe kwiCaldera de las Cañadas del Teide. Ugqabhuko-dubulo lwalo lokugqibela lusukela ngo-1798.

Intaba-mlilo yaseTeneguia-La Palma

Yaba newonga lokuba yintaba-mlilo yokugqibela ukudubula ngo-1971. Inobude be-449 mm ngaphezu komphakamo wolwandle kwaye ifumaneka ekupheleni kwe-Cumbre Vieja. Ugqabhuko-dubulo lwalo lwangcwaba indawo enkulu phantsi kodaka olukhulu, yaye yenye yeentaba-mlilo zeCanary Islands, ephuma elwandle ukuze yenze i-lava deltas eyenza esi siqithi sibe sikhulu yaye sikhulu.

Ukusukela ngoko, intaba-mlilo yaseTeneguía, ethiywe ngamatye akufuphi, kunye neLa Palma iye yaba yenye into enomtsalane kubakhenkethi kwiiCanary Islands.

ICaldera de Taburiente – iLa Palma

Ithathwa njengommangaliso wendalo wesiqithi saseLa Palma, yenye yezona ndawo zinomtsalane kubakhenkethi kwaye idweliswe njengeBiosphere Reserve yiUNESCO. Yenziwe yilava eqinileyo ukuba kamva iguqulwe yaba yibasalt, lo mngxuma mkhulu wehla malunga neemitha ezingama-2.000. Ngoku yiPaki yeSizwe yaseLa Caldera de Taburiente, eziikhilomitha ezisi-8 ububanzi kwaye ineendawo ezintle zomhlaba ezinje ngeRoque de los Muchachos okanye iLa Cumbrecita.

Intaba-mlilo engaphantsi kwamanzi e-El Hierro

Ngo-Oktobha 10, 2011, kulwandle oluzolileyo, ugqabhuko-dubulo lwentaba-mlilo ebesele luneenyanga luqhambuka, lwaphela ngoMatshi 2012.

Ukubaluleka kwezi ntaba-mlilo kwiiCanary Islands kukuba ziguqule ngaphezu kwe-9 square kilometers zolwandle, zidala iindawo zokuhlala ezintsha, iindlela zobomi, yatshabalalisa abanye kwaye yandisa zonke iimeko zokusingqongileyo zommandla, ezingenako ukukhutshwa kwiindawo ezifana neLa Restinga.

Konke oku kukhokelele abantu abaninzi ukuba baye esona siqithi sincinci kwi-archipelago ukuze bangaphoswa ngumsitho, batsalwe ngumbono wokubona ugqabhuko-dubulo luphila.

Iintaba-mlilo kwiiCanary Islands ezisebenzayo

iintaba-mlilo kwiiCanary Islands

Intaba-mlilo ibisoloko isebenza kwiZiqithi zaseCanary, ngaphantsi kwamanzi nasemhlabeni. Noko ke, izazinzulu zifunda iintaba-mlilo ezininzi ezisaqhumayo kwiZiqithi zeCanary. Ngaloo ndlela, sigxininisa ezinye, ezifana neTeide, ethi, ngenxa yomsebenzi wayo ophezulu, kucingelwa ukuba iya kugqabhuka kwiminyaka ezayo.

Intaba-mlilo engaphantsi kwamanzi yase-El Hierro yenye enye intaba-mlilo, kuba yayilugqabhuko-dubulo lokugqibela kwisiqithi ngo-2012, kwaye kungoku nje lujoliso olusebenzayo oluqhubeka luphononongwa ngokusondeleyo kwaye lubekwe iliso. Enye intaba-mlilo ebisebenza kakhulu kwiminyaka yakutshanje yiCumbre Vieja. Ngenxa yomsebenzi wayo ophezulu wentaba-mlilo, yenye yeentaba-mlilo kwiiCanary Islands ezibangele iintshukumo ezininzi zenyikima, enye yazo inobukhulu obuyi-2,7, enokuvakala kwisiqithi saseLa Palma.

Izigqibo

intaba-mlilo

Ukususela kumaxesha amandulo, Iziqithi zaseCanary zihlala phantsi kokhuseleko lweentaba-mlilo kunye nomsebenzi wazo. Ukuthetha ngezi ziqithi kunye nokwakheka kwazo kukuthetha ngomsebenzi wentaba-mlilo kunye nentshukumo yenyikima ebangelwa ngumsebenzi owenzeka ngaphakathi okanye phantsi kwamanzi ayo.

Ugqabhuko-dubulo olwenze umfuziselo noluxonxa ezi ziqithi ukuze zinike imilo yazo yangoku, kwezinye iimeko, njengogqabhuko-dubulo lwentaba-mlilo yaseTeneguía okanye ugqabhuko-dubulo lweMar de las Calmas e-El Hierro, lusasazeke iikhilomitha eziliqela phezu kolwandle.

Ngamafutshane, ukwazi iintaba-mlilo zeZiqithi zaseCanary kukwazi imbali yokusekwa kwezi ziqithi zincinci zeparadisical, ezifanelwe yisihloko sabo sethamsanqa ngenxa yezinto eziphilayo ezahlukeneyo kunye nemozulu entle.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga neentaba-mlilo kwiiCanary Islands kunye neempawu zazo.


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