Intaba ye washington

entabeni eWashington

El entabeni eWashington, eyona ncopho iphakamileyo kumntla-mpuma weUnited States, kwiimitha ezili-1.917 ngaphezu komphakamo wolwandle, yeyona ntaba ibalaseleyo kwimpuma yoMlambo iMississippi. Uyaziwa ngokubeka ixesha lakhe eliyingozi. Kangangeminyaka engama-76, de kwangowama-2010, ngenjikalanga ye-12 ka-Epreli, 1934, iSummit Meteorological Observatory yayibambe irekhodi yesona sivuthuvuthu siphezulu silinganiswa ngokuthe ngqo kumphezulu woMhlaba, i-372 km/h okanye i-103 m/s. Ngaphambi kokufika kwabemi baseYurophu, intaba yayibizwa ngokuba yiAgiocochook, okanye "Ikhaya Lomoya Omkhulu."

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi malunga neNtaba iWashington, iimpawu zayo kunye nemvelaphi.

Imbali yeMount Washington

Iimpawu zeMount washington

Intaba ibekwe kwiRange likaMongameli kwiiNtaba eziMhlophe, kwilokishi yokuthengwa kwempahla yaseSargent, eCoos County, eNew Hampshire. Ngelixa phantse yonke intaba ikwihlathi leSizwe leeNtaba eziMhlophe, indawo eyi-square yekhilomitha eyi-0,24 ejikeleze iNtaba iWashington State Park, kubandakanya nengqungquthela.

Umntu wokuqala waseYurophu ukukhankanya le ntaba yayinguGiovanni de Verrazano. ngo-1524, wayibona kuLwandlekazi lweAtlantiki, echaza into ayibonayo "njengentaba ephakamileyo engaphakathi". Abakwa-Abenaki ababehlala kule ndawo ngexesha lonxibelelwano lwaseYurophu babekholelwa ukuba le ngqungquthela yayiyindawo yokuhlala yezithixo kwaye ke, phakathi kwezinye izinto, abazange banyuke ingqungquthela ngenxa yentlonipho yonqulo loothixo… Ubango lwaseDarbyfield lokunyuka okokuqala kweNtaba. Washington ngo-1642.

Intsimi yanyuka intaba ngoJuni waloo nyaka, ibonisa kwiNtloko uAbenaki Pasakonaway ukuba amaYurophu ayengabotshwanga ngoothixo abakholelwa ukuba bahlala phezu kwentaba. , inyathelo elibalulekileyo lezobupolitika lokukhuthaza ukwanda kwabemi basemantla. Ngo-Oktobha 1642, I-Field yaphinda yafikelela phezulu kwe-Agiocochook ngexesha lolunye uhambo lokuqala lokuhlola olwabonisa imihlaba ekude njengaseMaine, inceda abathunywa abavela kwikoloni yaseMassachusetts bafune ukuhlala kwiindawo eziselunxwemeni ezilimekayo.

Ngo-1784, iqela le-geological elikhokelwa nguManase Cutler labiza intaba. I-Crawford Trail yeyona ndlela indala yokuhamba eMelika, yalungiswa ngo-1819 njengomzila wehashe ukusuka eCrawford Notch ukuya phezulu kwaye isetyenziswa ngoku. UEthan Alan Crawford wakha indlu encotsheni yenduli ngowe-1821 waza waqhubeka de kwangowe-1826, unyaka wesaqhwithi.

ukunyuka kwembali

Mount New hampshire

Kuncinci okwenzekayo kwingqungquthela ngokwayo kude kube phakathi kwenkulungwane ye-1852, xa yaba yenye yeendawo zokuqala zabakhenkethi eMelika, kunye neendlela zamahashe kunye neehotele ezimbini ezisakhiwayo. Yavulwa ngo-XNUMX, iSummit House i ihotele yamatye emide engama-20m enophahla olugcinwe ngamatyathanga amane anzima. Ngo-1853, "indlu yenaliti" yamiselwa ukhuphiswano. Yakhiwa ngokutsha ngamaplanga ngowe-1872-1873, iSummit House yayinamagumbi angama-91, yatsha ngowe-1908 yaza yathatyathelw’ indawo yigranite ngowe-1915.

Kangangamashumi amane eminyaka, uHenry M. Burt wapapasha ijenali ephakathi ebizwa ngokuba Phakathi kwamafu rhoqo ehlotyeni kwisamithi ukuya kutsho ngo-1917.

NgoNovemba 2010, kwavezwa ukuba i-Orlando, eFlorida-based CNL Financial, ephethe i-Mount Washington Hotel kwisiseko sentaba, wayefake isicelo ngokusemthethweni sophawu lwentengiso phantsi kwegama elithi "Mount Washington". Amagosa e-CNL athi ajolise kwezinye iihotele ezisebenzisa igama lentaba, kungekhona amashishini amaninzi kwindawo asebenzisa igama. I-CNL ifake isicelo kwi-USPTO ifuna ukubhalisa uphawu lwentengiso lwe-"Mount Washington" kuyo nayiphi na inkonzo yokuthengisa, nayiphi na inkonzo yokutyela, kunye nayo nayiphi na inkonzo yokuzonwabisa.

Iimpawu zejografi

uloliwe ngaphaya kwenduli

Nangona i-slope esentshona ekhwela uloliwe we-cog ngumgca othe tye ukusuka ezantsi kwentaba ukuya phezulu, elinye icala lentaba lintsokothile. Emantla, iGreat Bay, eyona ntaba inkulu yomkhenkce yomkhenkce, yenza indawo yemidlalo yeqonga engqongwe ziiNtaba zikaMongameli emantla: Clay, Jefferson, Adams, and Madison Mountains. Ezi ncochoyi zinxibeleleneyo zinwenwela kumhlaba wealpine ongenamithi. I-Chandler Ridge enkulu inabela emantla-mpuma ukusuka IMount Washington ukwenza udonga olusemazantsi lweamphitheatre kwaye yindlela ephuma kuhola wendlela.

Kwimpuma yesamithi, ithafa elaziwa ngokuba yiAlpine Gardens linabela emazantsi ukusuka eChandler Ridge malunga neemitha ezingama-5,000 ukuya emazantsi. Kuyafaneleka ukuba uqaphele ukuba zombini iintlobo zezityalo ezihlala zihlala kwi-alpine meadows yeeNtaba eziMhlophe kunye neentlobo zezityalo ze-atypical kumntla weArctic. IiGadi zeAlpine zehla ngomnqantsa kwimingxuma emibini ebalaseleyo yomkhenkce. IHuntington Canyon eRugged ibonelela ngokunyuka kwamatye kunye nomkhenkce kwindawo yealpine. Ijikelezwe ngakumbi, iTuckerman Ravine yindawo ephambili yolawulo lwaseNew England lokutyibiliza ngasemva ukusuka entlakohlaza ukuya kuJuni, elandelwa ziindlela ezintle zokuhamba intaba. Imalunga neemitha ezingama-500 ngaphezu komgca wemithi yealpine.

Umzantsi wesamithi lithafa lealpine lesibini ngobukhulu, iBigelow Lawn, phakathi kwe-1.500m kunye ne-1.700m ngaphezu komphakamo wolwandle. Iincopho zesathelayithi zeBoot Spur, emva koko iMontalban Ridge, ebandakanya iMount Isolation kunye neMount Davis, zinabela emazantsi, ngelixa iiNtaba zikaMongameli eziphakamileyo (iNtaba iMonroe, iiNtaba zikaFranklin, iMount Eisenhower, iMount Pierce, iJackson kunye neWebster) zandisa emazantsi ntshona. ukuya eCrawford Canyon kunye ne-Oaks Bay yohlula iinduli ezimbini eziphakamileyo.

Ukuhamba ngeenyawo kwiNtaba yaseWashington

Olona hambo ludumileyo ukuya encotsheni luhamba nge-6,6 yeekhilomitha zeTuckerman Canyon Trail. Iqala e-Pinkham Notch Campground kwaye ifikelela kwii-4,000 ezinyaweni, ikhokelela ngqo phezulu kwi-Tuckerman Canyon Bowl ngokusebenzisa uluhlu lweepaseji zamatye ezinikezela iimbono ezimangalisayo ze-canyon kunye ne-canyon ukuya kwiNtaba yase-Wildcat. Iingozi ze-Ski kunye ne-hypothermia ziye zabulala endleleni. Iibhotile zamanzi zinokuzaliswa kwakhona ezantsi kwempompo yempompo kumgama oziikhilomitha ezi-3,4 ukusuka kumzila, kufutshane nevenkile encinci yabantu abahambahambayo ebonelela ngezinto ezityiwayo, iinkonzo kunye nekhusi.

Phezulu liziko elinemyuziyam, ivenkile yezipho, i-gazebo, kunye nekhefi. Kukho inkonzo yebhasi (ehlotyeni) ebuyela ePinkham Notch Campground ngomrhumo. Eminye imizila enyuka ecaleni kwentaba ibandakanya iLion Head, iBoot Spur, iHuntington Ravine, kunye neNelson Crag trails, kunye neGreat Gulf Trail enyuka isuka kumntla-mpuma. Imizila ye-Western Slope ibandakanya i-Ammonoosuc Ravine kunye ne-Jewell Trails kunye ne-Crawford Trail kunye ne-Gulfside Trail (ehambelana ne-Southwest kunye ne-North Appalachian Trails, ngokulandelanayo).

Kukho iiyantlukwano ezininzi phakathi kokunyuka iNtaba yaseWashington ehlotyeni nokunyuka iNtaba yaseWashington ebusika. Ngokuqinisekileyo, imozulu kunye neemeko zomhlaba ziyahluka ngokubanzi, kodwa kukho ukungafani okuphawulekayo kwinqanaba lenkonzo ekhoyo kwiindwendwe. Akukho zixhobo zoluntu phezulu ebusika. Ebusika, eyona ndlela idumileyo yiLion's Head Winter Route, eqala eTuckerman Canyon kwaye ijikela emantla ukuze inyuke iLion's Head ukuya kuma-1534 ezinyaweni ngaphezu kolwandle. Utshintsho lweendlela luyacetyiswa ebusika ukunceda abakhweli baphephe iingozi ze-avalanche.

Kanye apho umzila usuka kwi-Tuckerman Canyon Trail ixhomekeke kwiimeko zekhephu. Indlela yeNgonyama yaseHlotyeni isenokuvuleka ukuba ikhephu alanelanga. Emva kohambo lwe-3,7 km ukusuka kwiziko leendwendwe lasePinkham Notch, umzila uya kujika ekunene kwi-Lion's Head Summer Trail. Ukuba kukho ikhephu elaneleyo kwi-Summer Lion's Head Trail, iNkonzo yeHlathi iya kuvula i-Lion Head Winter Trail kwaye iya kugqiba malunga neekhilomitha ezili-2,7.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nehlathi eWashington kunye neempawu zalo.


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