IConifers

ihlathi le-coniferous

Olunye uhlobo lwesityalo esisasazeka kwaye sisasaze kwixesha lokugqibela leCarboniferous zezi amakhonkco. Ezi zizityalo ezinembewu kwaye zibizwa njalo kuba zinekhowuni okanye imilo ethweleyo kwaye ngoku zineentlobo ezingaphezu kwama-550. Uninzi lwazo zonke iintlobo zeli qela yimithi okanye izihlahla. Baye balawula iindawo ezininzi eziphakamileyo, benza amahlathi anamagqabi amile okweenaliti. Phakathi kwamalungu awaziwayo kolu sapho sinemipayini, iifirs, imisedare kunye neredwoods.

Siza kunikezela eli nqaku ukukuxelela ngazo zonke iimpawu, indawo yokuhlala kunye neentlobo eziphambili zeqela le-coniferous.

Iimpawu zeConiferous

IConifers

Ezi zizityalo ze-aeolian ezinembewu yazo ikhula ngaphakathi kwecone yokhuselo. Kungoko igama layo. Le khowuni yokukhusela inegama le-strobilus. Ngexesha apho imbewu ikhula kwaye ikhula khona ikhowuni ihlala phakathi kweenyanga ezine kunye neminyaka emi-4. Ubungakanani bezi bhondi zihlala zihluka kakhulu kuxhomekeke kuhlobo ngalunye. Kukho imbewu ye-coniferous ekhuselwe kakhulu kwaye iyakwazi ukumelana neemeko ezigqithileyo zokusingqongileyo. Ngesi sizathu, bakhulise amandla amakhulu okusinda kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo. Bayakwazi ukuziqhelanisa neendawo ezinobushushu obuninzi, amaxesha embalela ende kunye nokubanda kakhulu ebusika.

Uhlengahlengiso oluye lwenziwa kuyo yonke imbali sele lubangelwa luhlobo lwegqabi. Ngokuqhelekileyo, zonke iintlobo ze-conifer ziqulethwe ngqo. Ngokwesiqhelo baneentlobo ezininzi zobukhulu beetrunk, ekubeni eyona inkulu yeyona idumileyo ye-112.5 yeemitha zemithi ebomvu.

Ubume bomhlaba obulawula ikakhulu iqela le-coniferous yi-taiga. Ngokuqinisekileyo wakhe weva ngolu hlobo lwendalo. Ikwaziwa kananjalo ngegama lehlathi elibhorayo kwaye zifumaneka kuzo zonke iindawo ezisemantla. Zindawo ezikufutshane neepali apho amaqondo obushushu agqithisile. Ubusika obubandayo buyema nemvula enkulu ngendlela yekhephu. Kuyavela ukuba yenza eyona biome inkulu emhlabeni kuba imele iipesenti ezingama-30 zawo onke amahlathi ehlabathi.

I-taiga yenziwe ngamahlathi e-coniferous kunye nobhedu kwiindawo ezininzi ezinje ngengaphakathi le ICanada neAlaska eMantla Merika, uninzi lwaseNorway kunye nolwandiso olwenziwe yiFinland, iRussia, iSweden neJapan.

Iindidi zeeConifers

Iintyatyambo zehlathi

Zininzi iintlobo zeeconifers ngokuxhomekeke kwiimpawu zayo. Nangona uninzi lwazo luneempawu zosapho, Kukho iintlobo ze-morphology kunye ne-phenology. Siza kuhlalutya zeziphi ezona ntlobo zimeleyo kwiqela leeconifers.

Umsonto omhlophe

I-fir emhlophe izalelwe kumbindi nakumazantsi eYurophu. Ukuphakama kwayo rhoqo kujikeleze iimitha ezingama-60 ukuphakama. Iqwalaselwa njengomthi ode kakhulu kwaye ikhula kancinci kwiminyaka embalwa yokuqala. Ngexesha aneminyaka emi-5 ubudala, ukhula phantse ibe yimitha enye ngonyaka. Iintyatyambo zikwixesha lentwasahlobo.

I-fir yesiGrike

Olu hlobo lwe-conifer luvela eGrisi kwaye amagqabi alo anomdaka omnyama ongwevu ocacileyo. Lo mbala ukwabizwa ngokuba luhlaza olunesaqhwithi. Indawo yokuhambisa ihlala ihlala kuyo amahlathi apho kukho ilanga elininzi okanye umthunzi okhethekileyo.

Umlobi weColorado

Igama layo libonisa eyona ndawo iphambili yokuhambisa. Nangona isasazwa ngokubanzi, ifumaneka ikakhulu kumantla eMexico nakwimpuma mpuma yeUnited States. Ifikelela kwiimitha ezingama-30 ukuphakama kwaye inombala ongwevu wesilivere. Phakathi kweempawu eziphambili zalo mthi sifumanisa ukuba iinaliti zawo, oko kukuthi, amagqabi awo, zifikelela kwiisentimitha eziyi-8 ubude. Zinde kakhulu ezi xa sizithelekisa nezinye iintlobo ezikweli qela.

Olunye uphawu lwe-fir yaseColorado kukuba ii-cones zalo mthi zisasazwa ngokwahlukeneyo ngesondo. Ngaphakathi komntu ofanayo sifumana indawo apho kukho iicones ezingaphezulu kwendoda kunye nezinye iindawo apho kukho uninzi lweekhowuni zabasetyhini.

Umlilo obomvu

Enye yezona zaziwa kakhulu kuba ngumthi weKrisimesi weklasikhi. Phakathi kweqela le iifire ezibomvu zifunyenwe ezingama-40 ezinye iintlobo Bajikeleza imimandla yeAsia, iYurophu eseMazantsi, uMntla Melika, kunye noMntla Afrika. Yenye yeefirs edidekile yindlela amagqabi ayo ajoyina ngayo amasebe.

Iintlobo ezincinci ezaziwayo zeconiferous

cones kunye namagqabi

Siza kuhlalutya ezinye zeentlobo ezingaziwa luluntu ngokubanzi. Nangona kunjalo, uninzi lwazo lunomdla omkhulu.

Umlobi waseKorea

Inzalelwane yencam esemazantsi eKorea kwaye yenye yezona mithi zincinci zomthi zikhona. Inobude obuphakathi kwe-2-5 yeemitha. Abanye bayijonga njengesihlahla endaweni yomthi. Ikhula kancinci, ikhula phakathi kweesentimitha ezili-10-15 ngonyaka ide ifikelele kwisimo sayo sekhoni evuthiweyo. Into emnandi ngale fir kukuba kulula kakhulu ukukhula ukusuka kwimbewu.

IAraucarias

Le mithi ivela kwisiqithi saseNordfolk kwaye ngumthi onokufikelela kwiimitha ezingama-70 ukuphakama. Ikhula kancinci kancinci kuba ii-cones ezingamadoda zinobude obungaphezu kweesentimitha ezi-5 kwaye iikonesi zabasetyhini zibanzi emazantsi kwaye ziphakathi kweesentimitha eziyi-7-12 ubude. Umthi wale fir unzima kakhulu, unzima kwaye umhlophe ngombala. Inomdla omkhulu kwezorhwebo njengesixhobo sendalo sokwakha amaphenyane eenqanawa. Ihlala ityalwe ezimbizeni kwaye umthi omncinci onomdla wokuhombisa ukhula ngokubanzi. Ngokuqhelekileyo zifumaneka kwiindawo ezisenyakatho njengoko zifuna ukubanda ngakumbi ukuze ziphile.

Imisedare eblue

Olu hlobo luvela eMntla Afrika kwaye luqulethe iinaliti ezingwevu-luhlaza, yiyo loo nto igama lalo. Ifunwa kakhulu kuba inomdla wokuhombisa. Ixesha elingaphezulu ibe yenye yeendlela eziphambili zokuhombisa iipaki kunye negadi. Ukuphakama kwayo kufikelela kwi-15 ukuya kwi-20 yeemitha, eyenza ikulungele ukubonelela ngomthunzi kwezi ndawo zasezidolophini.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi ungafunda ngakumbi malunga ne-conifers kunye neentlobo eziphambili.


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