Yintoni ukubetha kobushushu

Yintoni ukubetha kobushushu

Ukunyuka kwamaqondo obushushu kwihlabathi jikelele kubangela amaza obushushu anyuke ngamandla kunye nokuphindaphinda. Konke oku kukhokelela kubantu abaninzi abaphethwe sisifo sobushushu. Kukho abantu abaninzi abangazi kakuhle Yintoni ukubetha kobushushu, zithini iziphumo zayo kwaye inokuchaphazeleka njani.

Ngesi sizathu, siza kunikezela eli nqaku ukukucacisela inyathelo ngenyathelo ukuba yintoni ukubetha kobushushu, inokukuchaphazela njani kwaye ungayiphepha njani.

Yintoni iliza lobushushu

ukubetha kobushushu

Ubushushu obushushu ngu amaqondo obushushu aphezulu ngokungaqhelekanga ahlala iintsuku okanye iiveki ezininzi kwaye oko kukwachaphazela indawo ebalulekileyo yejografi yelizwe. Zingaphi iintsuku okanye iiveki? Inyaniso kukuba akukho nkcazo esemthethweni, ngoko kunzima ukucacisa ukuba bangaphi.

E-Spain kuthiwa ngumsinga wobushushu xa kubhalwa amaqondo obushushu aphezulu (kuthatha ixesha lowe-1971 ukuya ku-2000 njengesalathiso) kwi-10% yezikhululo zemozulu ubuncinci iintsuku ezintathu. Kodwa ngokwenene lo mqobo unokwahluka kakhulu ngokuxhomekeke kwilizwe, umzekelo:

  • E-Netherlands, igagasi lobushushu liqwalaselwa xa amaqondo obushushu angaphezu kwe-5ºC erekhodwa ubuncinane iintsuku ezi-25 e-De Bilt, engumasipala wephondo lase-Utrecht (Holland).
  • EUnited States: ukuba amaqondo obushushu abhalwe ngaphezulu kwe-32,2ºC kangangeentsuku ezi-3 okanye ngaphezulu.

Yintoni ukubetha kobushushu

ukusela amanzi

I-Heat stroke sisifo esibangelwa kubushushu obugqithisileyo emzimbeni, ngokuqhelekileyo ngenxa yokuvezwa ixesha elide kumaqondo okushisa aphezulu okanye ukunyanzeliswa komzimba kumaqondo aphezulu. I-Heat stroke yeyona ndlela inzima kakhulu yokulimala kobushushu kwaye kwenzeka ukuba ubushushu bomzimba bungama-40 ° C okanye ngaphezulu. Oku kuxhaphake kakhulu ehlotyeni.

Ubushushu bufuna unyango olungxamisekileyo. Ubushushu obunganyangwanga bunokonakalisa ngokukhawuleza ingqondo, intliziyo, izintso kunye nezihlunu. Okukhona kubambezeleka unyango olude, kokukhona umonakalo unzima, ngaloo ndlela unyusa umngcipheko weengxaki ezimandundu okanye ukufa.

Phakathi kweempawu zayo sifumana oku kulandelayo:

  • Ubushushu bomzimba obuphezulu. Ubushushu bomzimba ongundoqo we-104 F (40 C) okanye ngaphezulu, ulinganiswe nge-thermometer ye-rectal, luphawu oluphambili lwe-heat stroke.
  • Utshintsho kwisimo sengqondo okanye ukuziphatha. Ubushushu bunokubangela ukubhideka, ukungcangcazela, ukuthetha kakubi, ukucaphuka, ukuqaqanjelwa, ukuxhuzula, kunye nekoma.
  • Ukutshintsha kokubila. Ngexesha lobushushu, ulusu lunokuziva lushushu kwaye lome xa lubamba. Nangona kunjalo, ngexesha lobushushu obubangelwa kukuzilolonga ngamandla, ulusu lwakho lusenokuziva lomile okanye lubanda kancinci.
  • Isicaphucaphu nokugabha Ungaziva ugula sisisu sakho okanye ugabhe.
  • Ubomvu bolusu. Ulusu lusenokujika lubebomvu njengoko ubushushu bomzimba wakho bunyuka.
  • Kunzima ukuphefumla. Ukuphefumla kusenokukhawuleza kwaye kungabi nzulu.
  • Isantya sentliziyo siyakhawuleza. Ukubetha kwentliziyo yakho konyuka kakhulu kuba uxinzelelo lobushushu lubeka uxinzelelo olukhulu entliziyweni yakho ukunceda ukupholisa umzimba wakho.
  • Intloko

Iimbangela zokubetha kobushushu

Ukubetha kobushushu kungenzeka ngenxa yoku:

  • Ukuvezwa kumaqondo obushushu aphezulu. Uhlobo lobushushu obubizwa ngokuba yi "exertional heat stroke" (classic) lwenzeka xa ukwindawo eshushu ebangela ukuba ubushushu bomzimba wakho bunyuke. Ngokuqhelekileyo, olu hlobo lobushushu lwenzeka emva kokuvezwa kwimozulu eshushu, efumileyo, ngakumbi emva kokuvezwa ixesha elide. Kwenzeka rhoqo kubantu abadala kunye nabantu abaneemeko zonyango ezingapheliyo.
  • Umsebenzi onzima. Ubushushu obunamandla buvela xa amaqondo obushushu angundoqo omzimba enyuka ngenxa yokusebenza ngamandla kwimozulu eshushu. Ubushushu obunamandla bunokwenzeka kuye nabani na ozilolongayo okanye osebenzayo kwimozulu eshushu, kodwa kunokwenzeka ukuba awuqhelanga bushushu.

Oku kunokwenzeka kulo naluphi na uhlobo lobushushu ngenxa yezi zizathu zilandelayo:

  • ukunxiba iimpahla ezininzi kakhulu ithintela ukuphuma komphunga kwaye ipholise umzimba
  • Phuza utywala inokuchaphazela amandla omzimba okulawula ubushushu
  • Ukuphelisa amandla emzimbeni ngenxa yokungaseli manzi aneleyo okubuyisela amanzi alahlekileyo ngenxa yokubila

Imiba yengozi

iingxaki zobushushu

Nabani na unokufumana isifo sobushushu, kodwa izinto ezininzi zonyusa umngcipheko wakho:

  • Iminyaka. Ukukwazi ukumelana nobushushu obugqithisileyo kuxhomekeke kumandla wenkqubo yakho yemithambo-luvo. Kubantwana, inkqubo ye-nervous central ayiphuhliswanga ngokupheleleyo, ngelixa kubantu abadala abangaphezu kweminyaka engama-65 ubudala iqala ukuwohloka, okwenza umzimba ungakwazi ukujamelana nokutshintsha kobushushu bomzimba. Omabini amaqela obudala ahlala enobunzima bokuhlala e-hydrated, nto leyo eyonyusa umngcipheko.
  • Zilolonge xa ​​kushushu. Ukuqeqeshwa komkhosi kwimozulu eshushu kunye nokuthatha inxaxheba kwimidlalo, njengokudlala ibhola ekhatywayo okanye ukuqhuba i-marathon ende, ezinye zeemeko ezinokuthi zenzeke.
  • Ukutyhileka ngokukhawuleza kwimozulu eshushu. Unokwenzeka kakhulu ukuba ube nezigulo ezinxulumene nobushushu ukuba uye wachanabeka ekunyukeni ngokukhawuleza kwamaqondo obushushu, njengamaza obushushu ekuqaleni kwehlobo, okanye ukuba uhamba kwiindawo ezinobushushu obushushu.
  • Nciphisa umsebenzi wakho kangangeentsuku ezimbalwa ukuvumela Vumela umzimba wakho ulungele utshintsho. Nangona kunjalo, usenokuba usemngciphekweni omkhulu de uchithe iiveki kumaqondo obushushu aphezulu.
  • Ukunqongophala kwe-air conditioning. Ngexesha lobushushu obuqhubekayo, iifeni zinokubonelela ngesiqabu, kodwa umoya womoya yeyona nkqubo isebenzayo yokuthoba amaqondo obushushu kunye nokunciphisa ukufuma.
  • Amayeza athile. Amanye amayeza anokuchaphazela amandla omzimba okugcina amanzi kunye nokusabela kubushushu. Kwimozulu eshushu, yisebenzise ukuxinzelela imithambo yegazi (vasoconstrictors), ukulawula uxinzelelo lwegazi ngokuthintela i-epinephrine (i-beta-blockers), ukususa i-sodium kunye namanzi emzimbeni (i-diuretics), okanye ukunciphisa iimpawu zengqondo (i-antidepressants okanye i-antipsychotics).
  • Izivuseleli ze-ADHD kunye nezivuseleli ezingekho mthethweni, njengeeamphetamines kunye necocaine, zinokukwenza ukuba uthandeke ngakumbi kuzo.
  • Ezinye izifo: Ezinye izifo ezingapheliyo, ezifana nesifo sentliziyo okanye semiphunga, zinokunyusa umngcipheko wokuhlaselwa lubushushu. Kuyafana nokutyeba ngokugqithiseleyo, ukuhlala uhleli, kunye nembali yobushushu.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi malunga nokuba yintoni i-heat stroke kunye neempawu zayo.


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