UBenjamin Franklin

UBenjamin Franklin

Kuyo yonke imbali sidibene nabantu abaninzi abaphumeleleyo. Omnye wabantu oye wakwazi ukulahlekelwa yinto yonke UBenjamin Franklin. Le yindoda eyayingumqambi waseMelika, intatheli, umshicileli, ezopolitiko kunye nomcinga. Uyindoda umntu anokuba nomona ngayo. Ngokungafaniyo nabanye abantu, wazinikela kwimisebenzi emininzi kwaye waphumelela kangangokuba inokuvunywa ukuba wayenamandla amakhulu okuziqhelanisa nayo yonke into. Lo ngumntu ovuke emazantsi waba yenye yeembekiselo kwimbali yaseMelika.

Kule nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke i-biography kunye nezenzo zikaBenjamin Franklin.

UBenjamin Franklin biography

Ubomi bukaBenjamin Franklin

Le ndoda mhlawumbi yenye yezona zikhombisi zibalaseleyo onokuba nazo njengomzekelo. Ungomnye wabantu abafike baqonda kuqala kwelo xesha yimali. Enkosi kubukrelekrele, ukuqonda kunye nomzamo, ungafezekisa yonke into oyifunayo. Oku kwamenza ukuba akwazi ukuhamba phakathi kweendawo zopolitiko kunye nezamashishini ngaphandle kokushiya ecaleni ezinye iinkxalabo zakhe kunye nomnqweno wakhe wokufuna ukufumana izinto ezingakumbi. Iziphumo zomzamo wale ndoda kunye nomnqweno wokuthanda ukwazi yayikukuphila okusetyenziselwa ukuzaliseka ngokupheleleyo okoko nje isikhokelo sayo sisikhokele.

UBenjamin Franklin wazalelwa eBoston ngo-1706. Le ndoda yayingenayo imfundo elungileyo, kodwa yafumana imfundo esisiseko kwisikolo esashiya xa yayineminyaka eli-10 ubudala. Omnye wabantu abaphumileyo esikolweni waya kusebenza notata wakhe kumzi-mveliso wekhandlela kunye nesepha. Ukongeza, yayingenguye kuphela umsebenzi wakhe, kodwa wayesebenza njengomatiloshe, umakhi wezitena, umchweli, ujikisi, phakathi kwabanye. Ukuze afumane ubizo, waguqukela kwimisebenzi eyahlukeneyo de wafumana into awayefuna ukuzinikezela kuyo: umfundi ofunda kumatshini wokushicilela.

Kumatshini wokushicilela waqala wasebenza noMzalwana wakhe kwaye bakwazile ukwenza imibhalo yokuqala epapashiweyo. Kula manqaku bekukho ukugxeka okuninzi kwezopolitiko kunye nokuziphatha kwelo xesha. Wayethathwa njengosomashishini oselula kwaye enamabhongo ngokwaneleyo ukuba aphile phantsi komthunzi woMzalwana wakhe. UBenjamin Franklin wayenobukrelekrele obukhulu kunye neendlela zomsebenzi ezinamandla kakhulu. Wayengumntu ongachithi xesha okanye imali. Injongo yakhe yayikukuzenzela owakhe umatshini wokushicilela.

Amabhongo kunye nomzamo

UBenjamin Franklin

Uye ePhiladelphia eyonyusa uqeqesho kwaye wazenzela eyakhe inkampani yokushicilela enekhontrakthi yokwenyani. Yazinikezelwa ekushicileleni imali yamaphepha kwiikholoni zaseNyakatho Melika. Uye waduma ngokubhala i-almanac yamahlwempu kaRichard, yayiluhlobo lwephephancwadi apho umbhali afaka ezinye izingqinisiso, iingcebiso ngobomi, iingxaki zezibalo kunye nezinto ezithandwayo, phakathi kwezinye. Ngaphandle kokusebenza kumatshini wokushicilela uzinikele ekubhaleni ezinye izincoko ezinjengezakhe Ukudibanisa inkululeko kunye nemfuneko, uyolo kunye nentlungu.

UBenjamin Franklin Wayenobomi obugcwele iiprojekthi ezininzi awazenzayo. Wayekwazi ukudala amajoni ngokuzithandela kweso sixeko kwaye wagqiba ekubeni aqale iYurophu ukuze akhusele ukuzimela kwe-United States kumhlaba wesiNgesi. Lo yayingengomsebenzi wakhe wezopolitiko kuphela, nanjengoko wayesiya eFrance njengommeli osemthethweni kwaye watyikitya isivumelwano sokurhweba. Kulapho afumana khona isikhundla somphathiswa watyikitya isivumelwano esiphelisa imfazwe yaseMelika yenkululeko. Wayengumntu onamabhongo owayesokola ukufezekisa iinjongo zakhe kwaye waba ngumntu omangalisayo.

Wayejongwa njengamandla endalo ngenxa yomsebenzi wakhe wobungcali kunye nokuzonwabisa awayesenza ngayo izinto. Wayeyintshatsheli yesayensi. Uqhube izifundo ezithile ngombane ezamkhokelela kwinjongo yentonga yombane. Wayenengxaki yombono, ke waba nomdla kwi-optics kwaye yahlawulwa xa wayila iilensi ezi-bifocal. Oku kwenzelwe ukunqanda ukutshintsha iiglasi ngalo lonke ixesha kufuneka ujonge kufutshane okanye kude.

Iziqalo kunye nefilosofi kaBenjamin Franklin

Enye yezinto zakhe yayiyi-oven yaseFranklin. Luhlobo olukhuselekileyo lwesitovu kuneendawo zomlilo zesintu. Kwakhona waqulunqa i-humidifier, i-catheter eguquguqukayo ye-urinary, i-odometer, i-glass harmonica kunye neempompo zokubhukuda. Wayengowokuqala ukuchaza iGulf Stream. Zonke ezi zinto zibangelwe bubizo bakhe obukhulu besayensi kunye nemfuno kunye nomnqweno wokufumanisa izinto ezintsha.

Elinye lamabinzana kaBenjamin Franklin yayikukuba xa wayecinga ngolonwabo, wazixelela ukuba uyakubuphila ubomi bakhe kwasekuqaleni ukuya esiphelweni ukuba angakwazi. Nje Ucele ilungelo lokuba akwazi ukulungisa kubomi besibini iimpazamo ebenazo kweyakhe yokuqala.

Le ndoda yafa ngo-1790 ukusuka pleurisy. Esi sifo sisebenzise umsebenzi ophelileyo ogcwele impumelelo. Nangona kunjalo, akukho mizekelo mininzi kakhulu yobomi obuphila ngokugqibeleleyo nangokuchithwa kakuhle. Wayeyindoda eyonwabileyo kwaye yenye yezona zinto zinomtsalane kunye nomzekelo awayenawo kwimbali yonke. Kwaye nguBenjamin Franklin wazinikezela kwinto nganye kumzuzu wobomi bakhe. Ifilosofi yakhe inokushwankathelwa ngegama elinye: pragmatism.

Eli gama alibhekiseli kwinto echazwa ngoku yingqondo, kodwa ke ibhekisa kubomi bemihla ngemihla. Ifilosofi yakhe yayikukuthatha izinto ezintle ezinokumnceda ukuba afumane ulonwabo kwiziphumo azifumene kwinto awayeyifuna. Ezinye zeempawu zalo ezintle zazinjalo ukuzeyisa, ukonga, ukunyamezela kunye nokuzimisela oko kwamnceda ukuba asebenze yonke imihla ukuphucula yonke imiba nokuba incinci kangakanani inkqubela phambili.

Izimvo zakhe zanceda kwizinto ezilungileyo ukusukela ekufezekisweni kweenjongo zakhe ukufezekisa ulonwabo kunye nokulinganisela phakathi kokonwaba kunye neentlungu zabanye abantu. Isishwankathelo, kunokuthiwa ubomi bukaBenjamin Franklin ngumzekelo ocacileyo wokuba xa ufuna, unako.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi nge-biografi kunye nokuxhaphaka kukaBenjamin Franklin.


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