Thixo wemvula

imvula uthixo tlaloc

Kwintsomi kukwakho ne Thixo wemvula njengabanye oothixo. UTlá-lock nguthixo wemvula wama-Aztec kunye noyena thixo bakudala nabaqhelekileyo kuMbindi Merika. Kukholelwa ukuba iTraloc ihlala phezu kweentaba, ngakumbi ezo zihlala zigqunywe ngamafu; ukusuka apho uthumela imvula evuselelayo kubantu abangaphantsi.

Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela yonke into ekufuneka uyazi ngoThixo wemvula, iimpawu zayo kunye nembali yayo.

Uthixo wemvula

leloc

Kukho oothixo bemvula kwiinkcubeko ezininzi zaseMesoamerican, kwaye imvelaphi yeTraloc ibuyele eTeotihuacan kunye ne-Olmecs. Uthixo wemvula wayebizwa ngokuba nguChaac ngamaMayans amandulo kunye noCocijo ngamaZapotec aseOaxaca.

Uthixo wemvula ungomnye wezithixo ezibaluleke kakhulu zama-Aztec, olawula amanzi, ukuchuma kunye nezolimo. I-Tlaloc ijongene nokubeka iliso ekukhuleni kwezityalo, ngakumbi ukukhula kombona, kunye nokuqheleka kwamaxesha onyaka. Ulawule ulandelelwano lweentsuku ezili-13 kwikhalenda yeentsuku ezingama-260 ukususela kumhla weCe Quiauitl (imvula). Ishweshwe likaTraloc nguChalchiuhtlicue (iJade Her Skirt) ophethe amachibi amanzi acwengileyo kunye nemisinga.

Abembi bezinto zakudala nababhali-mbali bakholelwa ukuba ukugxininiswa kwalo thixo udumileyo yindlela yabalawuli bama-Aztec yokulumisela ngokusemthethweni ulawulo lwabo kuloo mmandla. Ngesi sizathu, wakha itempile yeTlaloc phezu kweTempile enkulu yaseTenochtitlan, ecaleni kwetempile enikelwe kwingcwele engumxhasi wama-Aztec uVizshiropochtli.

Indawo engcwele eTenochtitlan

uthixo wama-aztec

Indawo yokuKhusela iTlaloc kuSodolophu weTemplo imele ezolimo namanzi; itempile ye-Huitzilopochtli imele imfazwe, uloyiso lomkhosi kunye neminikelo…Ezi zezona tempile zibalulekileyo kwikomkhulu lakho.

Iintsika zeTempile yeTraloc zibhalwe ngeempawu zamehlo kaTraloc kwaye zipeyintwe ngoluhlu lweebhanti eziluhlaza. Umbingeleli onyamekela ingcwele nguQuetzalcoatl, omnye wababingeleli abakhulu bonqulo lwama-Aztec. Iminikelo emininzi enxulumene nale tempile iye yafunyanwa, kuquka imibingelelo yezilwanyana zasemanzini kunye nezinto ezenziwe ngejade ezinxulumene namanzi, ulwandle, ukuchuma kunye nomhlaba ongaphantsi komhlaba.

Uthixo wemvula kwisibhakabhaka sama-Aztec

Thixo wemvula

I-Tlaloc yayincediswa liqela lezidalwa ezinamandla angaphezu kwawemvelo ezibizwa ngokuba zii-Tlaloques, ezabonelela ngamanzi emvula emhlabeni. Kwiintsomi zaseAztec, iTlaloc ikwangumlawuli welanga lesithathu okanye ihlabathi elilawulwa ngamanzi. Emva koMkhukula, ilanga lesithathu laphela kwaye abantu bathatyathelw’ indawo zizilwanyana ezinjengezinja, amabhabhathane, namathole.

Kwinkolo yama-Aztec, UTraloc walawula izulu lesine okanye iparadesi, ebizwa ngokuba yiTraloc, "umhlaba weTraloc". Le ndawo ichazwa kwiincwadi zama-Aztec njengeparadesi enezityalo ezichumileyo kunye nentwasahlobo engapheliyo, elawulwa ngoothixo nabantu baseTlaloc. I-Tralocan ikwayindawo yokusingwa emva kokufa kwabo basweleke ngobundlobongela ngenxa yezizathu ezinxulumene namanzi, kunye neentsana ezisanda kuzalwa kunye nabasetyhini abasweleke bebeleka.

Owona msitho ubalulekileyo onikezelwe kwiTraloc ubizwa ngokuba yiTozoztontli kwaye wenziwa ekupheleni kwexesha elomileyo, ngoMatshi nangoAprili. Injongo kukuqinisekisa imvula eyaneleyo ngexesha lokulima.

Enye yezona zithethe zixhaphakileyo ezenziwa kweli siko kukubingelela ngabantwana, yaye ukukhala kwabo kukholelwa ukuba kuluncedo ekufumaneni amanzi emvula. Iinyembezi zomntwana osanda kuzalwa zinobudlelwane obusondeleyo kunye nedolophu yaseTralocan, ecocekileyo kwaye ixabisekileyo.

Imibingelelo efunyenwe kuSodolophu weTempile eTenochtitlán ibandakanya iintsalela zabantwana abamalunga nama-45 abasweleke bekhumbula iTraloc. Ubudala baba bantwana busukela kwi-2 ukuya kwi-7 iminyaka, kodwa uninzi lwabo lwalungamadoda. Le yimali yesithethe engaqhelekanga, yaye umembi wezinto zakudala waseMexico uLeonardo López Luján wathi ebudeni bembalela yaphakathi kwinkulungwane ye-XNUMX, idini lenziwa ngenjongo yokukholisa uLa Locke.

Ingcwele yaseNtabeni

Ukongeza kumsitho owawubanjelwe kwi-Templo Mayor Azteca, abantu bafumana iminikelo kwi-Tlaloc kwimiqolomba eyahlukeneyo kunye neentaba zeentaba. Indawo engcwele yeTlaloc iphezu kwentaba-mlilo ephelile, iNtaba yeTlaloc, kwimpuma yeMexico City. Abaphengululi be-Archaeologists abaphanda intaba baye bachonga iindawo zokuhlala zetempile yase-Aztec, ebonakala ihambelana ne-Tlaloc shrine kwi-Templo Mayor.

Ingcwele yayibiyelwe ngocingo, yaye ukumkani ngamnye wama-Aztec nombingeleli wakhe babehambela ezonqulo namadini minyaka le. Umfanekiso weTlaloc ungomnye wemifanekiso emele kakhulu kwaye eyaziwayo ye-Aztec mythology, efana nothixo wemvula kwezinye iinkcubeko zaseMesoamerican. Inamehlo amakhulu adumbileyo, kwaye umphandle wayo uyilwe ziinyoka ezimbini ezidibana embindini wobuso ukuze zenze impumlo.

Usenamazinyo amakhulu ajingayo emlonyeni wakhe kwaye umlebe ongasentla uphume ngaphandle. Uhlala ejikelezwe ngamathontsi emvula kunye nomncedisi wakhe uTlaloques. Ngokufuthi uphatha intonga ende esandleni sakhe, incam yentonga efanekisela umbane neendudumo. Imifanekiso yakhe idla ngokuvela kwiincwadi zama-Aztec (ezibizwa ngokuba yimibhalo-ngqangi), kwanakwimizobo ekroliweyo, nakwiziqhumiso zikaKoba.

Bhiyozela i-Atlcahualo ukusuka nge-12 kaFebruwari ukuya kwi-3 kaMatshi. Ezinikele kwi-tlaloque, eli nqaku libandakanya umbingelelo wabantwana phezu kwentaba engcwele. Abantwana bahonjiswe kakuhle kwaye banxibe ngendlela yeTlaloc neTlaloque. Kwithala elizele ziintyatyambo neentsiba, berhangqwe ngabadanisi, basiwa kwindawo engcwele iintliziyo zabo zaphukileyo ngumfundisi. Ukuba aba bantwana bayakhala endleleni eya kwindawo engcwele, iinyembezi zabo zibonwa njengophawu lwemvula ezayo. Kumthendeleko ngamnye we-Atlcahualo, kubingelelwa abantwana abasixhenxe malunga neLake Tescoco kwikomkhulu laseAztec. Bangamakhoboka okanye oonyana besibini bezidwangube. Umthendeleko weTozoztonli ubandakanya umbingelelo wabantwana. Ebudeni balo mthendeleko amadini enziwa emiqolombeni.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngale nkcazelo unokufunda okungakumbi ngoThixo wemvula nembali yakhe.


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