IPersian Gulf

ungcoliseko lwamanzi

Namhlanje siza kuthetha ngenye yezona ndawo kuthethwa kakhulu ngazo kwihlabathi kwiminyaka edlulileyo enesixa esikhulu semithombo yendalo kwaye sisigcawu sothotho lweengxabano ebelubaluleke kakhulu kwimbali yehlabathi. Imalunga nayo IPersian Gulf. Ngaphambili ibingummandla wobukhulu obukhulu apho kwakuhlala khona impucuko eyahlukeneyo. Namhlanje inxulunyaniswa nemfazwe ngenxa yeembambano ezahlukeneyo ezenzeke apha.

Ke ngoko, siza kulinikela eli nqaku ukuba likuxelele zonke iimpawu, imbali, imvelaphi kunye nosongelo lwePersian Gulf.

Iimpawu eziphambili

igeology yommandla wasePersi

Kukwaziwa njengegama le-Arabia Gulf kwaye yindawo yolwandle enkulu kodwa ingekho nzulu. Ime phakathi kweIran neArabia Peninsula. Ukuba sihlalutya ngokwembono yejoloji, siyabona ukuba kunjalo isibhakabhaka soLwandlekazi lwaseIndiya. Imida emantla, mpuma mpuma kunye ne-Iran; emzantsi-mpuma kunye nasemazantsi yi-Oman kunye ne-United Arab Emirates; kumazantsi-ntshona kunye nasentshona neQatar, iBahrain neSaudi Arabia; nasemantla ntshona yiKuwait neIraq.

Ukuyilwa kwesi sithuba somngcipheko ngexesha lokugqibela lomkhenkce kunye nokuqala kweHolocene. Ngelo xesha, lo msantsa wawuyindawo yokusabela kwindalo esingqongileyo yabantu bokuqala ukuhlala apho ukuze bazikhusele ekuguqukeni kwemozulu. Kwaye kunjalo okomzuzwana othile ummandla obanzi otyebileyo owawunentili nemigxobhozo. Kule ntlambo imilambo yasePersi yayize.

Iindawo zokuhlala ezindala ezaziwayo zezezizwe ezihamba-hambayo. Zenzekile ekupheleni kwenkulungwane ye-XNUMX BC kwaye yonke le ndawo yaqala ukulawulwa yimpucuko yaseDilmun. Kangangexesha elithile eyona ndawo ibalulekileyo yokuhlala yayilawula yayinguGerrha kwaye ngamanye amaxesha kwakubakho iimfazwe ezazonakalisa. Unxweme lwalulawulwa bubukumkani bamaxhoba kwaye yiyo loo nto ibizwa ngokuba yiPersian Gulf.

Izixeko kunye namazwe ePersian Gulf

IPersian Gulf

Masibone ukuba ngawaphi amazwe kunye nezixeko ezibalaseleyo kule ndawo. Ngokubhekisele kumazwe, la mazwe alandelayo ayinxalenye yePersian Gulf: I-Turkey, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, i-United Arab Emirates, i-Yemen, i-Iran ne-Oman.

Uninzi lweedolophu zineempawu ezithile kuba zibonisa iifom yejoloji eyahlukileyo kwaye uninzi lwazo luneedipozithi ezinkulu zeoyile. ISaudi Arabia sisiseko solwimi kunye nazo zonke iifama zaseArabhu ezikhoyo kule ndawo. Ikwaqwalaselwa njengenye yeendawo ezinoxanduva lokuvelisa ioyile enkulu emhlabeni.

I-Qatar isekela uqoqosho lwayo olukhulu ekulobeni nasekuhlanganiseni iiperile. Kude kwaba apho befumanisa ukuba kukho iindawo ezinkulu zeoyile ezikhoyo kwezi ndawo. Nje ukuba bawafumane amasimi eoyile, bayenza eyona nto ingumvuzo welizwe.

Kwelinye icala, sinamazwe afana ne-Kuwait anoqoqosho olucebileyo okanye amasimi eoyile anomthamo omalunga ne-94 yeebhiliyoni zemiphanda yeoyile. Oku kumgangatho njengovimba wamandla kunye nomthombo wengeniso kwilizwe. Enye indawo eyaziwa ngokuba yiBahrain Luqoqosho oluye lwanakho ukuphucula okwangoku ngenxa yokusebenza kwalo ngokusekwe kwioyile. Ukuphuculwa kwezinto kuvunyelwe urhulumente kunye nabantu abahlala kwezi ndawo ngenxa yokunyuka kwengeniso evela kwintengiso yeoyile.

I-United Arab Emirates, iIran, iIraq, iOman ineepositi zeoyile ezingumthombo osisiseko kunye noqoqosho olunamandla.

Iintlobo ngeentlobo zezinto eziphilayo kwiPersian Gulf

iingozi zeoyile

Njengakule bhlog yintoni enomdla ngendawo eyinxalenye yendalo, siza kugxila kwiyantlukwano yePersian Gulf. Sizahlulahlule ezi zityalo kunye nezilwanyana.

Ubomi kwezi ndawo zahluke kakhulu ngenxa yokusasazeka okuphezulu kwendawo. Ezinye zezona ntlobo zibalulekileyo zezilwanyana kwezaselwandle zifunyenwe kwiPersian Gulf. Kufuneka kuqatshelwe ukuba ezinye ze Iintlobo ezintle zeentyatyambo zaselwandle nezilwanyana bezisemngciphekweni wokuphela okanye ufumane ingozi enkulu yokusingqongileyo. Oku kungenxa yemisebenzi yezoqoqosho ethathwe ekusetyenzisweni kweoyile.

Ukusuka kwii-corals ukuya kwi-dugongs, le ndawo ineentlobo ezininzi zezinto eziphilayo njengoko ineendawo ezininzi zokuhlala zeentlobo ezininzi ezixhomekeke kwezinye ukuze zisinde. Izilwanyana zasendle zisemngciphekweni wezinto zehlabathi ezinje ngokungahoyi kwendawo nakwingingqi. Uninzi longcoliseko oluveliswa yimisebenzi yeoyile luvela kwiinqanawa. Ukuveliswa kongcoliseko ngabantu kubalwa njengomthombo wesibini oqhelekileyo wongcoliseko. Eyona ngxaki iphambili yale ntsholongwane Kukutshatyalaliswa kunye nokuqhekeka kwendawo yendalo yeentlobo ezahlukeneyo zezityalo nezilwanyana.

Ngokubhekisele kwiintyatyambo, ayibanzi kakhulu kwezinye iindawo kodwa yahlukile kwaye iyonwabisa. Oku kuthetha ukuba kukho iintlobo ezininzi ezikhoyo kule ndawo. Eyona ngxaki iphambili echaphazela iintyatyambo kukuchitheka kweoyile rhoqo. Ngenxa yolu ngcoliseko, iintlekele kunye nokonakaliswa kwendalo kunye neendawo ezixhasa utyani ziyenzeka.

Ukubaluleka kunye nomnqweno

Njengoko kulindelwe, ukubaluleka kwezoqoqosho kwiPersian Gulf kungenxa yoovimba beoyile yalo mmandla. Enkosi kwezi ndawo zigcina ioyile, kubekho ukukhula okungazange kwenzeke ngaphambili kwezoqoqosho nakubantu. Kuya kufuneka kukhunjulwe ukuba amazwe aphantsi kwePersian Gulf abonelela ngeenxa zonke kwiipesenti ezingama-40 zorhwebo lokuthumela ngaphandle lweoyile ekrwada kunye ne-15% yokuthumela ngaphandle iimveliso zeoyile.

Ngokubhekisele kwiminqweno, sinezinto ezilandelayo:

  • Ngenxa yokusetyenziswa okungalawulwayo kweoli, Ukukhutshwa kwegesi yendlu eluhlaza kuyanda kwaye, ukuba azinciphisi ukuphela kwenkulungwane, ukwanda kwamaqondo obushushu kule ndawo ukuze i-gulf iba yindawo ephantse ingahlali mntu.
  • KwiPersian Gulf kukho indawo ekujongwa njengeyona ifudumeleyo ngokweelwandle kwaye ikwazi ukufikelela kubushushu be ukuya kuthi ga kuma-64 degrees ehlotyeni.

Ndiyathemba ukuba ngolu lwazi unokufunda ngakumbi ngePersian Gulf kunye neempawu zayo.


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