Karenda yezuva

kalendari yezuva

Tese tajaira kutevera kalendari yezuva asi havasi vazhinji vanoziva kwarinobva kana zvarinoreva. Mukuwedzera pakuva karenda mukati matinogona kuwana marudzi akasiyana-siyana, zviri pachena kuti yakasiyana nekarenda yemwedzi. Iine humwe hunhu hwakasiyana uye hwakakodzera kutaurwa pano.

Naizvozvo, isu tichakumikidza chinyorwa ichi kuti tikuudze kuti chii kalendari yezuva, kuti yakabva kupi uye neayo makuru maitiro.

Chii chinonzi kalendari yezuva

Karenda yaGregory

Karenda yezuva ndiro karenda rinotonga hupenyu hwedu. Ihurongwa hwekufambidzana hwakavakirwa pagore remwaka remazuva angangoita 365 1/4, iyo inguva inotora kuti pasi ritenderere zuva.

VaEgipita vakaita sevokutanga kugadzira karenda rezuva. Kuonekazve kwembwa-Sirius (Sothis) mudenga rokumabvazuva kwakanga kuri nzvimbo yakagadzwa gore rimwe nerimwe, mukuwirirana namafashamo egore negore eNairi.Vakaita karenda yamazuva 365. Inoumbwa nemwedzi gumi nemiviri, mazuva makumi matatu pamwedzi, uye mazuva mashanu akawedzerwa kumagumo egore, zvichiita kuti karenda yake iende zvishoma nezvishoma.

Ptolemy III Euergetes wekuEgipita akawedzera zuva pakarenda inokosha yemazuva 365 makore mana ega ega mumutemo weCanopus (237 BC) (muitiro uyu wakapinzwawo mukarenda yeSeleucid yakagamuchirwa muna 312 BC).

MuRoma Republic, Emperor Caesar muna 45 BC. Yakatsiviwa nekarenda yerepublic yeRoma ine mhirizhonga nekarenda yaJulius, iyo inogona kunge yakavakirwa pakarenda yemwedzi wechiGiriki. Karenda yaJulius inogovera mazuva 30 kana kuti mazuva 31 kumwedzi 11 kusvikira kuna February; gore rekusvetuka rinobvumirwa makore mana oga oga. Zvisinei, gare gare, karenda yaJulius yakaita kuti gore rezuva rirebe zvikuru nokuwedzera chikamu chimwe muzvina chezuva kugore; gore rezuva chairo mazuva 365.2422.

Pakazosvika pakati pezana ramakore rechi 10, nguva yokuwedzera yakanga yakonzera kukanganisa kwemazuva anenge gumi. Kugadzirisa kukanganisa uku, Pope Gregory XIII vakagadzira karenda yaGregory muna 1582, kubva muna Gumiguru 5 kusvika 14 wegore iroro, uye vakasiya makore ekusvetuka nekuti ndeemakore zana asingagone kugovaniswa ne400, semuenzaniso, 1700, 1800 uye 1900. Kubva pane tsananguro dzose, tinoona kuti marudzi akasiyana-siyana emakarenda ezuva akaoneka, akanyorwawo nenzvimbo. Karenda yedu yemazuva ano yaGregory ikarenda yaGregory, asi hazvizokuvadzi kana tikaziva kuti mamwe makarenda eGregory chii.

Mhando dzekarenda yezuva

maumbirwo ekarenda rezuva

Tropical solar karenda

Iyo yetropical solar karenda ikarenda inotongwa nemakore ekupisa, uye nguva yaro ingangoita mazuva 365, maawa mashanu, 5 maminetsi uye 48 masekonzi (45 mazuva). Gore rinopisa rinogona kubva muchirimo kana matsutso equinox kuenda kune rinotevera, kana kubva muzhizha kana munguva yechando kusvika kune inotevera.

Kunyange zvazvo karenda raGregorian ranhasi riine mazuva 365 mugore ramazuva ose, tinowedzera zuva rokusvetuka makore mana oga oga kuti rifambirane negore rinopisa. Pasina iyo nhamba chaiyo yemakore anosvetuka, karenda yedu inokurumidza kubuda mukuwiriranisa. Izvi zvinoitika mukarenda yaJulius nemakore akawanda akawandisa. Pakupedzisira, yakatsiviwa nekarenda yaGregory.

Izvi zvinotevera makarenda ezuva rinopisa:

  • Gregorian calendar
  • Calendar yaJulian
  • Baha'i calendar
  • karenda yechiHindu
  • Coptic karenda
  • Kalenda yeIran (Jal_li Calendar)
  • Vadivelu Comedy Tamil calendar
  • Thai solar karenda

Rimwe nerimwe remakarenda aya rine gore remazuva 365 uye dzimwe nguva rinowedzerwa nekuwedzera rimwe zuva kuti riite gore rinosvetuka. Iyi nzira inodaidzwa kuti "collation", apo mazuva akaiswa "anodzika". Zvakare, kune karenda yeZoroastrian, iyo ikarenda rechitendero revanozvipira veZoroaster uye fungidziro yekarenda yezuva rinopisa.

Sidereal solar makarenda

Iyo kalendari yechiBengali ndiyo yakanakisa muenzaniso weiyo stellar solar karenda. Izvi zvinowanzoita mazuva 365, pamwe nezuva rimwechete rekuita gore rekusvetuka. Mwedzi gumi nemiviri yezuva rinozivikanwa seimwe yemwaka mitanhatu (mwedzi miviri mumwaka wega wega). Mwedzi wega wega unomiririra boka renyeredzi chairo.

Rudzi urwu rwekarenda Anoshandiswa kuuka uye ane zvaanoreva zvakakosha muzvitendero zvakasiyana. Iyi karenda inogonawo kushandisa mwedzi wemwedzi. Nekudaro, iyo karenda yeBengali inonziwo kalendari yemwedzi-zuva.

Aya anotevera ari sidereal solar makarenda:

  • Vadivelu Comedy Bengali calendar
  • Sanskrit karenda
  • Malaysian calendar

Misiyano kubva pakarenda yemwedzi

Zuva ibwe

Takaona kuti karenda rezuva rinobva pakufamba kwezuva uye rinonyanya kuzivikanwa nevanhu. Asi haisiriyo chete karenda, kunyange isu tinofanirawo kutaura nezvekarenda yemwedzi, iyo inodzorwa nezvikamu zvakasiyana-siyana zvemwedzi. Nenzira iyi, karenda rezuva rakasiyana zvakanyanya nekarenda yemwedzi, iyo inoshandisa mwedzi kuverenga mwedzi. Kunyangwe makarenda maviri aya achishandisa nzira dzakasiyana dzekuyera mwedzi, ese anogona kutibatsira kurodha nguva nemazvo uye kutonga hupenyu hwedu.

Kune rumwe rutivi, musiyano unonyanya kuoneka pakati pekarenda yemwedzi nekarenda yezuva ndiyo mitumbi yemudenga inoshandiswa kuyera kufamba kwenguva. Karenda yemwedzi inoshandisa chikamu chemwedzi kuyera nguva. Kazhinji, mwedzi ndiyo nguva iri pakati pemwedzi mutsva nemwedzi mutsva. Nguva inodiwa kuti pasi ritenderere zuva igore rimwe chete rinotenderera zuva.

Karenda rezuva rinowanzoyera nguva iri pakati pe vernal equinoxes. Nokuti zvinotora mwedzi panguva imwe chete kuti utenderere pasi, mwedzi unogara uchiratidza chiso chimwe chete panyika. Ndosaka kumwe kunyanyisa kwayo kusati kwamboonekwa. Mwedzi mutsva unooneka mazuva ese 29,5. Vazivi venyeredzi vanodana nguva iri pakati pemwedzi mutsva kuti mwedzi unowirirana.

Makarenda ese emwedzi anogadzirwa nevanhu anobva pamwedzi inopindirana, kwete mwedzi yatinogona kuwana mukarenda yezuva. Kutaura zvazviri, karenda yezuva yakasimbiswa semwedzi watinowanzoshandisa nguva dzose, kusiyana nekarenda yemwedzi, iyo Inonyanya kushandiswa kune zvirimwa uye esoteric zvidzidzo.

Sezvauri kuona, pane misiyano yakawanda pakati pekarenda yemwedzi neyezuva. Ndinovimba kuti neruzivo urwu unogona kudzidza zvakawanda nezvekarenda yezuva, maitiro ayo uye kwaakabva.


Izvo zviri muchinyorwa zvinoomerera pamisimboti yedu ye tsika dzekunyora. Kuti utaure chikanganiso tinya pano.

Iva wekutanga kutaura

Siya yako yekutaura

Your kero e havazobvumirwi ichibudiswa. Raida minda anozivikanwa ne *

*

*

  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako