Menene tombolo

Tsarin ƙasa yana da sunaye daban-daban dangane da asalinsu da asalinsu.  A yau za mu yi magana ne game da yanayin juzu'i na asalin ƙasa wanda aka fi sani da tombolo.  Yanayi ne na yanki wanda ya samar da mahaɗan ƙasa tsakanin tsibiri da ƙasa, dutsen da ke nesa da babban yankin, tsakanin tsibirai biyu, ko tsakanin manyan duwatsu biyu.  Mun san wasu misalai na tombolo kamar su sands isthmus wanda ya haɗu da Rock of Gibraltar tare da babban yankin.  A cikin wannan labarin zamuyi magana game da halayen tombolo da yadda ake samunta.  Gabaɗaya Waɗannan tsare-tsaren ilimin ƙasa suna faruwa ne saboda tsibiran suna haifar da ƙyamar motsi na raƙuman ruwa.  A yadda aka saba, wannan jujjuyawar raƙuman ruwan yana ajiye yashi da manyan duwatsu a yankin da suka fasa.  Yayinda matakin tekun ya tashi, yana bada gudummawa don zame dukkan kayan da raƙuman ruwa suka ajiye.  Waɗannan kayan da aka tura su suna yin hanya kamar waɗanda muke gani a cikin batun Chesil Beach.  Wannan tombolo ya haɗu da tsibirin Portland tare da Dorset yana ba da rahoton dutsen da ke kusa da bakin teku.  Bari mu binciki dutsen kabarin Gibraltar.  Wannan dutsen yana cikin ƙarshen kudu maso yamma na Turai akan Yankin Iberian.  Ba wani abu bane illa aikin farar ƙasa wanda tsayinsa yakai mita 426.  Wannan dutsen sanannen sananne ne don karɓar kusan macaques 250, farkon birrai a cikin Turai.  Hakanan yana da hanyar sadarwa ta labyrinthine na rami wanda, tare da macaques, suke maida shi yawon shakatawa duk shekara.  Wannan dutsen ana ɗaukarsa ajiyar ƙasa.  Ana kiran kaburbura ma tsibirai masu ɗaure saboda da alama ba a raba su gaba ɗaya da bakin teku ba.  Wannan samuwar na iya zama kamar babu shi ko kuma an samo shi a cikin rukuni.  Lokacin da muka samo shi cikin rukuni-rukuni, sandun sand ɗin suna yin shinge kamar dai shi ne lagoon kusa da bakin teku.  Wadannan lagoons na wucin gadi ne tunda tabbas zasu cika da danshi a kan lokaci.  Yadda ake kirkirar tombolo Wannan garari na bakin teku yana faruwa yayin da taguwar ruwa ke tura laka.  Wannan laka ana iya hada ta da yashi, raƙumi da yumɓu.  Wannan dattin ya tara tsakanin rairayin bakin teku da tsibirin, yana haifar da yankin tarawa wanda za'a iya gani yayin da tsibirin ke hade da babban yankin.  Tafiya ta ruwa ta dogara da shugabancin iska.  Domin iska ta samar da ci gaba shugabanci na iska dole ne ya kasance zuwa mafi rinjayen shugabanci.  In ba haka ba, ba za ku iya tara tarin laka a hanya guda ba.  Wani lokaci, idan waɗannan abubuwan sun faru ne saboda guguwar bakin teku, ba a ɗauka ta gaskiya ba ce.  Tombolo na gaskiya shine wanda aka samar dashi ta hanyar rarrabuwa da raƙuman ruwa.  Ayyuka suna bin haɓakar da ke iko da ƙarfi da jagorancin iska.  Waɗannan wutsiyoyi suna zuwa bakin teku kuma suna rage gudu yayin da suke tafiya ta cikin ƙaramin ruwa.  Wannan jinkirin yana faruwa ne saboda gogayyar raƙuman ruwa da ƙasa.  Wannan karfin gogayyar yana rage saurin da rawan yake tafiya har yakai ga karyewa.  Da kyau, lokacin da ya isa tsibirin suna kusa da bakin teku, saboda raƙuman ruwa suna tafiya a hankali fiye da yadda aka saba, suna zagaya tsibirin maimakon su wuce shi.  Yayin da ruwa ke tafiya a hankali a kusa da tsibirin, sai ya tara layu a kan hanya.  Ana ajiye daskararru kuma suna ci gaba da tarawa har zuwa ƙirƙirar sand yashi wanda ya haɗu da tsibirin da shirin.  Babu shakka, wannan ko tsari ne mai tsayi a cikin lokaci.  A wasu kalmomin, wannan yana da alaƙa da ma'aunin lokacin ƙasa (hanyar haɗi).  Mafi shahararrun alamomi a duniya Gaba, zamuyi bayanin manyan halaye na shahararrun alamu a duniya.  Mun fara da ɗayan a Chesil Beach.  Tana cikin Dorset, kudancin Ingila.  An bayyana shi da kasancewa tsayin mita 115 sama da matakin teku kuma yana da rairayin bakin teku wanda yake da tsawon kilomita 29 da faɗi mita 200.  Wannan shine mahimmancin wannan ɗan yaron wanda UNESCO ta sanya shi a matsayin Gidan Tarihi na Duniya.  Wani sanannen tombolo shine na Trafalgar.  Wannan tsari ya shiga cikin teku ya bashi kwalliyar pear mai kyau.  Yana samar da kyakkyawan wuri mai faɗi tare da rairayin bakin teku masu yawa a cikin dutsen da ke ba da ra'ayoyi mai ban mamaki.  Sha'awar wannan samuwar ta samo asali ne daga gaskiyar cewa shi ne kawai misalin 'yan toba biyu a cikin Andalusia.  A cikin wannan haɗarin ilimin ƙasa mun tarar da cewa gari ya ɓuɓɓuga gari ta hanyar raƙuman ruwa kuma ya kirkiro wasu tombolos guda biyu waɗanda suka haɗu da tsibiri da bakin teku.  Wannan ƙungiyar ta ƙunshe a cikin cikin ƙananan ƙananan baƙin ciki wanda ke ambaliya lokacin da hawan sama ya fi yadda yake.  Koyaya, wannan damuwa yana da ƙididdigar kwanakinsa tunda kayan zasu binne kuma sun rage zurfin.  Lokacin da tekun ta ja baya, iska ta kirkiro da tsarin dunes a bakin rairayin bakin teku kudu da tsibirin.  Yawancin lokaci, zaizayar ƙasa ta ba da gudummawa ga burbushin waɗannan shakku.  A yau duk wannan tsarin dunes an rufe shi da tsire-tsire kamar su junipers da mastic.  Hakanan yakamata ayi la'akari da cewa ciyayi suna hidiman gyara yashi.  Misali, zamu sami furanni na bango, kayan teku da furannin lilin na teku waɗanda ke taimakawa gyara yashi da samar da bargo mai launi.  A cikin yankunan da aka daidaita, zamu iya samun ƙahonin teku, sagebrush da carnations.  A gefe guda kuma, a yankin da ambaliyar ta mamaye mun sami ciyayi waɗanda suke aiki a matsayin masauki na yau da kullun don nau'ikan tsuntsaye irin su bahar teku, da tsuntsaye masu launin ja da kuma ƙafafun ƙafafun ƙafa.

Tsarin ƙasa yana da sunaye daban-daban dangane da asalinsu da asalinsu. A yau zamuyi magana ne game da yanayin yanayin kasa wanda aka sani da tombolo. Tsarin ƙasa ne wanda ya samar da mahaɗan ƙasa tsakanin tsibiri da ƙasa, dutse daga ƙasar ƙasa, tsakanin tsibirai biyu, ko tsakanin manyan duwatsu biyu. Mun san wasu misalai na tombolo kamar su sands isthmus wanda ya haɗu da Rock of Gibraltar tare da babban yankin.

A cikin wannan labarin zamuyi magana game da halayen tombolo da yadda ake samunta.

Gabaɗaya

tombolo na trafalgar

Wadannan tsarin ilimin kasa yana faruwa ne saboda tsibirai suna haifar da juyayi a motsin raƙuman ruwa. A ka'ida, wannan karyewar taguwar yana sanya yashi da manyan duwatsu a yankin da suka fasa. Kamar yadda matakin teku ya tashi, yana ba da gudummawa ga ƙarancin dukkan kayan da raƙuman ruwa suka ajiye. Waɗannan kayan da aka tura su suna yin hanya kamar waɗanda muke gani a cikin batun Chesil Beach. Wannan tombolo ya haɗu da Tsibirin Portland tare da Dorset yana ba da rahoton dutsen da ke kusa da bakin teku.

Bari mu bincika Tombolo na Dutsen Gibraltar. Wannan dutsen yana cikin ƙarshen kudu maso yamma na Turai akan Yankin Iberian. Ba wani abu bane illa aikin farar ƙasa wanda tsayinsa yakai mita 426. Wannan dutsen sanannen sananne ne don karɓar kusan macaques 250, farkon birrai a cikin Turai. Hakanan yana da hanyar sadarwa ta labyrinthine na rami wanda, tare da macaques, suke maida shi yawon shakatawa duk shekara. Wannan dutsen ana ɗaukarsa ajiyar ƙasa.

Hakanan ana kiran kaburbura da tsibirai masu ɗaure saboda da alama ba a raba su gaba ɗaya daga bakin teku ba. Wannan samuwar na iya zama kamar babu shi ko kuma an samo shi a cikin rukuni. Lokacin da muka samo shi cikin rukuni-rukuni, sandun sand ɗin suna yin shinge kamar dai shi ne lagoon kusa da bakin teku. Wadannan lagoons na wucin gadi ne tunda tabbas zasu cika da danshi a kan lokaci.

Yadda ake kirkirar tombolo

Samun tarawa

Wannan guguwar teku tana faruwa ne yayin da taguwar ruwa ke tura laka. Wannan laka ana iya hada ta da yashi, raƙumi da yumɓu. Wannan dattin ya tara tsakanin rairayin bakin teku da tsibirin yana samar da yankin tarawa wanda za'a iya gani yayin da tsibirin ke hade da babban yankin. Tafiya ta ruwa ta dogara da shugabancin iska. Don iska ta ci gaba da gudana, dole ne shugabancin iska ya kasance zuwa mafi rinjayen shugabanci. In ba haka ba, ba za ku iya tara yawan laka a hanya ɗaya ba.

Wani lokaci, Idan waɗannan tsarin sun faru ne saboda ɓatawar bakin teku, ba a ɗauka tombolo na gaskiya ba. Tombolo na gaskiya shine wanda aka samo shi ta hanyar raƙuman ruwa da rarrabuwa ta raƙuman ruwa. Ayyuka suna bin canjin yanayi wanda ake sarrafawa ta hanyar ƙarfi da jagorancin iska. Waɗannan wutsiyoyi suna zuwa bakin teku kuma suna rage gudu yayin da suke tafiya ta cikin ƙaramin ruwa. Wannan jinkirin yana faruwa ne saboda gogayyar raƙuman ruwa da ƙasa. Wannan karfin gogayyar yana rage saurin da rawan yake tafiya har yakai ga karyewa.

Da kyau, lokacin da kuka isa tsibirin suna kusa da bakin teku, Saboda raƙuman ruwa suna tafiya a hankali fiye da yadda aka saba, suna tafiya a kusa da tsibirin maimakon su wuce ta. Yayin da ruwa ke tafiya a hankali a kusa da tsibirin, sai ya tara layu a kan hanya. Ana ajiye daskararru kuma suna ci gaba da tarawa har zuwa ƙirƙirar sand yashi wanda ya haɗu da tsibirin da shirin. A bayyane yake, wannan ko yana da dogon aiki a cikin lokaci. Wato, wannan yana da alaƙa da sikelin lokacin ilimin kasa.

Shahararrun alamun duniya

Tombolo

Gaba, zamuyi bayanin manyan halaye na sanannun alamomi a duniya. Mun fara da ɗayan a Chesil Beach. Tana cikin Dorset, kudancin Ingila. An bayyana shi da kasancewa tsayin mita 115 sama da matakin teku kuma suna da rairayin bakin teku masu tsayin kilomita 29 da faɗi mita 200. Wannan shine mahimmancin wannan ɗan yaron wanda UNESCO ta sanya shi a matsayin Gidan Tarihi na Duniya.

Wani sanannen tombolo shine na Trafalgar. Wannan tsari ya shiga cikin teku ya bashi kwalliyar pear mai kyau. Yana samar da kyakkyawan wuri mai faɗi tare da rairayin bakin teku masu yawa a cikin dutsen da ke ba da ra'ayoyi mai ban mamaki. Sha'awar wannan samuwar ta samo asali ne daga gaskiyar cewa shi ne kawai misalin 'yan toba biyu a cikin Andalusia. A cikin wannan haɗarin ilimin ƙasa mun tarar da cewa gari ya ɓuɓɓuga gari ta hanyar raƙuman ruwa kuma ya kirkiro wasu tombolos guda biyu waɗanda suka haɗu da tsibiri da bakin teku. Wannan ƙungiyar ta ƙunshe a cikin cikin ƙananan ƙananan baƙin ciki wanda ke ambaliya lokacin da hawan sama ya fi yadda yake. Duk da haka, wannan damuwar tana da ranakun da suka ƙididdige tunda kayan zasu kasance masu binnewa da rage zurfin.

Lokacin da tekun ta ja baya, iska ta kirkiro da tsarin dunes a bakin rairayin bakin teku kudu da tsibirin. Yawancin lokaci, zaizayar ƙasa ta ba da gudummawa ga burbushin waɗannan shakku. A yau duk wannan tsarin dunes an rufe shi da tsire-tsire kamar su junipers da mastic. Hakanan yakamata ayi la'akari da cewa ciyayi suna hidiman gyara yashi. Misali, zamu sami furanni na bango, kayan teku da furannin lili na teku waɗanda ke taimakawa gyara yashi da samar da bargo mai launi.

A cikin yankuna masu kwanciyar hankali zamu iya samun ƙahonin teku, sagebrush da carnations. A gefe guda kuma, a yankin da ambaliyar ruwan ta mamaye, mun sami sandunan da ke aiki a matsayin masauki na yau da kullun don nau'ikan tsuntsaye kamar teku, da tsuntsaye masu launin ja da kuma patinegro tern.

Ina fatan cewa da wannan bayanin zaku iya koyon abubuwa game da menene Tomboy da yadda ake samunta.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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