Sentinel-6 tauraron dan adam

nazarin canjin yanayi

An harba tauraron dan adam mafi ci gaba a duniya na kallon duniya daga sansanin sojojin sama na Vandenberg da ke California. 'Ya'yan itacen haɗin gwiwar tarihi tsakanin Amurka da Turai, tauraron dan adam Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich zai kaddamar da aikin na tsawon shekaru biyar da rabi don tattara sahihin bayanai kan matakan teku da yadda tekunan mu ke tashi saboda sauyin yanayi. Har ila yau, aikin zai tattara cikakkun bayanai game da yanayin zafi da yanayin zafi, wanda zai taimaka inganta hasashen yanayi da yanayin yanayi.

A cikin wannan labarin za mu bayyana duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da tauraron dan adam Sentinel-6, halaye da mahimmancinsa.

Babban fasali

dangin tauraron dan adam

An sanya wa tauraron dan adam sunan Dr. Michael Freilich, tsohon darektan Sashen Kimiyyar Duniya na NASA. mai ba da shawara mara gajiya don ci gaba a ma'aunin tauraron dan adam teku. Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich ya gina gadon aikin Hukumar Kula da Sararin Samaniya ta Turai (ESA) Sentinel-3 Copernicus manufa da gadon TOPEX/Poseidon da Jason-1, 2 da 3 tauraron dan adam masu lura da matakin teku waɗanda aka ƙaddamar a cikin 2016, Jason-3 ya ci gaba da samar da bayanan jerin lokaci daga abubuwan lura na TOPEX/Poseidon na 1992.

A cikin shekaru 30 da suka gabata, bayanai daga waɗannan tauraron dan adam sun zama ƙaƙƙarfan ma'auni don nazarin matakin teku daga sararin samaniya. Sentinel-6 'Yar'uwar Michael Freilich, Sentinel-6B, an shirya ƙaddamar da shi a cikin 2025 kuma ya ci gaba da aunawa na akalla shekaru biyar.

"Wannan rikodin ci gaba da lura yana da mahimmanci don gano hawan teku da fahimtar abubuwan da ke da alhakin," in ji Karen Saint-Germain, darektan Sashen Kimiyyar Duniya na NASA. "Ta hanyar Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich, muna tabbatar da cewa waɗannan ma'auni sun ci gaba da yawa da daidaito. Wannan manufa tana girmama fitaccen masanin kimiyya kuma jagora kuma za ta ci gaba da gadon Mike na haɓaka binciken teku."

Yadda Sentinel-6 ke Taimakawa

sentinel-6 tauraron dan adam

To ta yaya Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich zai taimaka inganta fahimtarmu game da teku da yanayi? Ga abubuwa biyar da ya kamata ku sani:

Sentinel-6 zai ba da bayanai ga masana kimiyya

Tauraron dan adam za su ba da bayanai don taimaka wa masana kimiyya su fahimci yadda sauyin yanayi ke canza gabar tekun duniya da kuma saurin faruwar lamarin. Tekuna da yanayin duniya ba su rabuwa. Tekuna suna ɗaukar fiye da kashi 90 na zafin duniya ta hanyar ƙara iskar gas, wanda ke haifar da fadada ruwan teku. A halin yanzu, wannan fadada ya kai kusan kashi uku na hawan teku, yayin da ruwa daga narke glaciers da kankara zanen gado lissafin ga sauran.

Yawan hawan teku ya karu a cikin shekaru ashirin da suka gabata, kuma masana kimiyya sun yi kiyasin cewa zai kara habaka a cikin shekaru masu zuwa. Yunƙurin ruwan teku zai canza mashigar teku da kuma ƙara tudun ruwa da ambaliya. Don ƙarin fahimtar yadda hawan teku zai shafi mutane, masana kimiyya suna buƙatar bayanan yanayi na dogon lokaci, kuma Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich zai taimaka wajen samar da waɗannan bayanan.

"Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich wani ci gaba ne a auna matakin teku," in ji Josh Willis, masanin kimiyyar ayyuka a dakin gwaje-gwajen Jet Propulsion na NASA a Kudancin California, wanda ke kula da gudummawar NASA ga aikin. "Wannan shi ne karo na farko da muka samu nasarar kera tauraron dan adam da yawa da suka shafe tsawon shekaru goma, tare da sanin cewa sauyin yanayi da hawan teku suna ci gaba da gudana."

Za su ga abubuwan da ayyukan da suka gabata na matakin teku ba za su iya ba

Tun da 2001, a cikin kula da matakin teku, Jason jerin tauraron dan adam sun sami damar kula da manyan abubuwan da ke cikin teku kamar Gulf Stream da yanayin yanayi kamar El Niño da La Niña wanda ke da dubban mil.

Koyaya, rikodin ƙananan canje-canje a matakin teku kusa da yankunan bakin teku waɗanda na iya shafar zirga-zirgar jiragen ruwa kuma har yanzu kamun kifi na kasuwanci ya fi karfinsu.

Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich zai tattara ma'auni a mafi girman ƙuduri. Bugu da ƙari, zai haɗa da sababbin fasaha don kayan aikin Advanced Microwave Radiometer (AMR-C), wanda, tare da radar altimeter na Poseidon IV, zai ba da damar masu bincike suyi nazarin ƙananan abubuwan da ke cikin teku, musamman kusa da bakin teku.

Sentinel-6 yana ginawa akan haɗin gwiwa mai nasara tsakanin Amurka da Turai

Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich shine yunkurin hadin gwiwa na farko da NASA da ESA suka yi kan aikin tauraron dan adam na duniya da kuma halarta na farko na kasa da kasa a Copernicus, shirin lura da duniya na Tarayyar Turai. Ci gaba da dogon al'adar haɗin gwiwa tsakanin NASA, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) da abokan hulɗarsu na Turai, ciki har da ESA, Ƙungiyar Tarayyar Turai don Ci gaban Tauraron Dan Adam (EUMETSAT) da Cibiyar Nazarin Sararin Samaniya ta Faransa (CNES).

Haɗin gwiwar ƙasashen duniya suna ba da ɗimbin ilimin kimiyya da albarkatu fiye da yadda za'a iya bayarwa daban-daban. Masana kimiyya sun buga dubban takardun ilimi ta amfani da bayanan matakin teku da jerin ayyukan tauraron dan adam na Amurka da na Turai suka tattara tun farkon kaddamar da TOPEX/Poseidon a 1992.

Zai inganta fahimtar canjin yanayi

sentinol-6

Ta hanyar faɗaɗa rikodin yanayin yanayin yanayi na duniya, aikin zai taimaka wa masana kimiyya su inganta fahimtar canjin yanayi a duniya. Canjin yanayi yana shafar ba kawai tekuna da saman duniya ba, amma Hakanan yana rinjayar yanayi a kowane matakai, daga troposphere zuwa stratosphere. Kayayyakin kimiyya da ke cikin Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich suna amfani da wata dabara da ake kira fakuwar rediyo don auna yanayin yanayin yanayin duniya.

The Global Navigation Satellite Radio Concealment System (GNSS-RO) kayan aiki ne da ke bin diddigin siginar rediyo daga wasu tauraron dan adam kewayawa da ke kewaya duniya. Daga mahangar Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich, lokacin da tauraron dan adam ya fado kasa da sararin sama (ko ya tashi), siginar rediyonsa yana tafiya cikin yanayi. A cikin yin haka, siginar yana raguwa, mitar ta canza, da kuma karkatar da hanya. Masana kimiyya za su iya amfani da wannan tasiri, wanda ake kira refraction, don auna ƙananan canje-canje a cikin yawa, zafin jiki, da danshi na yanayi.

Lokacin da masu bincike suka ƙara wannan bayanin zuwa bayanan da ke akwai daga makamantan kayan aikin da ke aiki a sararin samaniya, za su iya fahimta sosai yadda yanayin duniya ke canzawa cikin lokaci.

"Kamar ma'auni na tsayin daka na matakin teku, muna buƙatar ma'auni na dogon lokaci na yanayi mai canzawa don fahimtar duk tasirin canjin yanayi," in ji Chi Ao, masanin kimiyyar kayan aikin GNSS-RO a Laboratory Air Propulsion. Jet. "Gakuwar rediyo hanya ce mai inganci kuma madaidaici."

Ingantattun hasashen yanayi

Sentinel-6 Michael Freilich zai taimaka inganta hasashen yanayi ta hanyar samar da masana yanayi da bayanai kan yanayin yanayi da zafi.

Altimeter na radar tauraron dan adam zai tattara ma'auni na yanayin saman teku, gami da mahimman tsayin igiyoyin ruwa, kuma bayanai daga kayan aikin GNSS-RO za su dace da lura da yanayin. Haɗin waɗannan ma'auni zai ba masana ilimin yanayi ƙarin bayani don daidaita hasashen su. Bugu da ƙari, bayanai game da yanayin yanayi da zafi, da kuma yanayin yanayin teku, za su taimaka wajen ingantawa. samfurin samuwar guguwa da juyin halitta.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin za ku iya ƙarin koyo game da Sentinel-6 da halayensa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Sharhi, bar naka

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga.

*

*

  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

  1.   Cesar m

    Kamar ko da yaushe, iliminki mai kima yana ƙara wadatar mu kowace rana