Irisations: Menene su?

gajimaren bakan gizo

A fagen nazarin yanayi. iridescence Wani lamari ne da aka sani da iridescence ne ke haifar da su. Iridescences launuka ne marasa daidaituwa a cikin gajimare kusa da rana ko ma wata. Ana iya bayyana wannan al'amari na gani ta kororons na wani bangare ko mara kyau, tunda an halicce su ta hanyar tsarin rarrabuwar haske iri ɗaya kamar ɗigon ruwa.

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya dalla-dalla abin da iridescences suke da kuma abin da suke da shi na gani.

Menene iridescence

gajimare mai ban tsoro

Kwancen gizagizai, da filaye masu ɗorewa, wani lokaci suna ba mu damar kallon kyawawan launuka masu kyau. Kyakkyawan iridescence wanda yawanci ke faruwa a matsakaici zuwa matsakaicin gajimare Hakan ya faru ne saboda abin da ya faru na rarrabuwar haske. lokacin da radiation daga rana ko wata ya faɗo a kusurwa a kan ɗimbin ɗigon ɗigon ruwa da lu'ulu'u na kankara masu girman iri ɗaya.

Ana rarraba iridescences ba bisa ka'ida ba a cikin gajimaren, ko da yake mafi yawanci shine ana shirya launuka a cikin makada waɗanda suka mamaye gefuna na girgijen, kodayake kuma suna iya bayyana a matsayin tabo. Launuka suna da tsabta sosai, suna haɗawa da dabara da mamaye inuwar kore da shunayya a tsakanin sauran launuka a cikin bakan da ake iya gani. A cikin gajimare masu matsakaici, iridescence sau da yawa yana ɗaukar nau'in lu'u-lu'u. Gajimare masu launuka iridescent sun fi yawa fiye da yadda ake tunani a baya, ko da yake ana yawan yin watsi da wannan al'amari na gani. Sanya tabarau yana taimakawa wajen ganin su, musamman idan hasken rana yana rufe da bishiyoyi, gine-gine da sauransu. Duk da haka, wani lokacin launi yana da tsanani sosai cewa yana da wuya a yi watsi da lamarin.

Idan daga wurinmu rana tana kusa da gajimare, hasken haske mai ƙarfi zai ba mu mamaki kuma ya hana mu ganin launi sai dai idan muna da gilashin da aka ambata a baya ko kuma tace mai dacewa, a cikin wannan yanayin za mu shiga cikin sihiri na nunin haske. launi . Ƙarfin tabarau daban-daban ya bambanta da yawa, wani lokacin ganin cikakkiyar haɗuwa na launuka masu haske da haske sosai.

Yawancin ya faru ne saboda ɗimbin tunani da haske ke shiga lokacin da ke tsaka da ɗigon ɗigo na ruwa mai sanyi da lu'ulu'u na kankara waɗanda ke haifar da manyan gajimare da matsakaici a cikin ref. Ɗaya daga cikin maɓallan wannan al'amari na gani shine kasancewar hydrometers masu girman kamanni. Lamarin tsangwama yana da alhakin raba launuka daban-daban a zangon raƙuman ruwa muna lura, muna daidaita hasken da ke shigowa ta yadda siginar da ke fitowa ta ƙara ƙaruwa a wasu wurare kuma a rage a wasu.

Muna iya ganin iridescence ne kawai lokacin da aka sanya mu a kusurwar dama dangane da yankin girgijen da ya haifar da shi. Irin wannan yanayi na iya faruwa a saman wasu abubuwan yau da kullun, kamar tabon mai, kumfa na sabulu, ko fuka-fukan wasu malam buɗe ido da kwari.

Tasirin gani na iridescence

iridescence a meteorology

Yanayin mu wani yanayi ne na nau'ikan yanayi daban-daban, wanda yawancin su al'amura ne na gani, wanda ke haifar da mu'amalar hasken rana tare da ɗigon ruwa a cikin yanayin da ke kusa, ta yadda yanayinmu ya kasance mai launi ta hanyar juyawa. Daga cikin wadannan, za mu iya sanya suna Halo, bakan gizo, dare da rana, iridescent.

Ƙarfafawa na musamman, ba shi da ma'auni na jijiyoyin jini, yana baje kolin, rashin cikakkun facin launi a cikin gajimare ko ɗigon launi a kusa da gefuna.. Daga ƙasa, alal misali, masu kallo suna ganin bakan gizo maimakon sarƙoƙi lokacin da gajimare suka yi ƙanƙanta don ƙirƙirar madaukai masu kama da juna, ko kuma lokacin da Rana ko Wata ba sa bayan girgijen kai tsaye.

Gizagizai masu banƙyama sakamakon hasken rana ne da ke bazuwa ta cikin ƙananan ɗigon ruwa ko ma ƙananan lu'ulu'u na kankara waɗanda ke yin waɗannan gizagizai, waɗanda ke karkatar da hasken rana daban-daban. Manyan lu'ulu'u na kankara suna haifar da halos, waɗanda ke haifar da refraction maimakon iridescence. Hakanan ya bambanta da bakan gizo da ke haifar da shi refraction a cikin manyan droplets don wannan dalili. Idan wani ɓangare na gajimaren yana da digo ko lu'ulu'u masu girman irin wannan, tarin wannan tasirin zai iya sa su ɗauki launi.

Wannan al’amari na yanayi kusan kullum yana rudewa da bakan gizo, alhali kuwa al’amari ne da ya sha bamban, duk kuwa da cewa ya samu a cikin yanayi iri daya. Launin da aka gani a cikin bakan gizo ya dogara da girman digon digo da kusurwar da mai kallo ya gan shi.

launuka iridescent

iridescence

Shuɗin da ke samar da zoben ciki na rawanin yawanci shine launi mafi rinjaye, amma ana iya ganin ja da kore. Hasken launi yana ƙaruwa tare da daidaituwar lamba da girman digo. Kamar yadda rawanin rawanin, ƙananan, har ma da saukad da suna samar da sakamako mafi kyau na gani.

Launuka na bakan gizo a cikin bakan da ake iya gani sun haɗa da dukkan launuka waɗanda za a iya samar da su ta hanyar tsayin daka na haske mai gani, wato, launuka na tsantsa ko monochromatic spectrum. bakan da ake iya gani ba ya ƙãre launukan da mutane za su iya bambanta. Launukan da ba su da kyau kamar ruwan hoda ko violet bambance-bambancen kamar magenta ba za a iya sake yin su da tsawon zango ɗaya ba.

Ko da yake bakan yana ci gaba, don haka babu farar sarari tsakanin launi ɗaya da wani, ana iya amfani da jeri na sama azaman kimanin. Kamar kowane abu mai haske, a wannan yanayin, ɗigon ruwa da aka rataye a cikin yanayi yana ɗaukar ɓangaren igiyoyin lantarki kuma suna nuna sauran. Ido ne ke ɗaukar raƙuman ruwa da ke nunawa kuma ana fassara su a cikin kwakwalwa a matsayin launuka daban-daban bisa ga tsawon madaidaicin madaidaicin raƙuman ruwa, kuma bakan gizo yana ɗaya daga cikin sanannun misalan wannan nau'in al'amari na gani.

Clouds m ga iridescence

Don wannan al'amari ya faru, ban da abin da ya faru na haske da ruwan sama, ana buƙatar wani abu mai kyau na girgije, a cikin wannan yanayin da aka kafa kwanan nan altostratus ko altocumulus girgije yana samar da mafi kyawun yanayi don iridescence. Yana da mahimmanci a lura cewa iridescents na hasken rana suna da launuka masu haske, amma sau da yawa ƙarfin hasken yana hana ganin su. Sabanin haka, hasken wata yana samar da launuka masu haske, kodayake waɗannan sun fi sauƙin bambanta.

A cikin yanayi na mu, wannan al'amari kuma yana iya faruwa a wasu yanayi, ban da wasu abubuwa, kamar magudanar ruwa da jiragen sama suka bari. Tasirin rokoki a cikin sararin sama na iya haifar da, a tsakanin sauran abubuwa, tasiri mai ban mamaki da ban mamaki.

Lokacin da roka ya bi ta cikin sararin sama, tururin ruwan da ke fitowa daga shaye-shayensa yana yin kyalkyali ya samar da kananan lu'ulu'u na kankara. Lu'ulu'u suna rarraba hasken rana don samar da launuka masu ban sha'awa. Akwai kuma samuwar gajimare mai kama da iridescence, gizagizai na igiyar ruwa, wanda kuma aka sani da gajimare na lu'u-lu'u ko gajimare na-lu'u-lu'u, wadanda gizagizai ne na launukan pastel masu haske.

Sun ƙunshi ƙananan lu'ulu'u na kankara waɗanda suna samuwa a tsayi tsakanin kilomita 15 zuwa 30 a yanayin zafi kusan -50 ° C. Lu'ulu'unsa na kankara suna aiki a matsayin masu kara kuzari ga iskar gas da iska ke fitarwa.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya ƙarin koyo game da iridescence da halayensa.


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