Volcanoes a Spain

yi dariya

Akwai aman wuta masu yawa a Spain, kodayake mafi yawansu ana samun su a Tsibirin Canary. Abin da mutane da yawa ba su sani ba shi ne cewa akwai tsaunukan wuta a Catalonia, a Castilla la Mancha da Ciudad Real. Yana da wasu halaye na musamman kuma suna barci yanzu. Akwai nau'ikan wuta masu yawa a Spain kuma za mu ga menene halayen su.

A cikin wannan labarin za mu gaya muku duk abin da kuke buƙatar sani game da tsaunukan tsaunuka daban -daban a Spain da menene manyan halayen su.

Volcanoes a Spain

aman wuta a taswirar Spain

El Teide a cikin Tenerife

A saman mita 3.715 sama da matakin teku, babu shakka shine mafi girman kololuwa a Spain kuma na uku mafi girma a duniya. Ana zaune a Tenerife (Canary Islands), mutane miliyan 3 ne ke ziyartarsa ​​duk shekara. Samuwar ta fara shekaru 170.000 da suka gabata kuma fashewar ta ƙarshe ta faru a cikin 1798.

Teneguía a La Palma

A ranar 27 ga Oktoba, 1971, dutsen mai aman wuta na Spain ya fashe don lokacin ƙarshe kuma ya dawo cikin nutsuwa a ranar 28 ga Nuwamba. Bayan kwanaki da yawa na motsi na girgizar ƙasa mai mahimmanci, jiya an yi rijistar fashewar ta ƙarshe. Teneguía tana kan tsibirin La Palma, kasa da mita 1.000 sama da matakin teku. Babu ciyayi a kusa.

Tagoro, El Hierro

A garin La Restinga (El Hierro), dutsen da ke karkashin ruwa ya fashe a cikin watan Oktoban 2011 kuma ya ci gaba har zuwa watan Maris na 2012. Bayan shekaru biyar, masana kimiyya sun sanya ido kan dutsen mai aman wuta saboda suna tsoron zai iya dawowa da rai da karfi.

Cerro Gordo, Ciudad Real

Dutsen dutsen Cerro Gordo yana tsakanin Granátula da Valenzuela de Calatrava (Ciudad Real). A halin yanzu gidan kayan gargajiya ne kuma an buɗe shi ga jama'a tun daga 2016. Yayin ziyarar, zaku koyi yadda aka kafa ta kuma zaku iya ganin yanayin yankin gaba ɗaya. Tsayinsa ya kai mita 831. Dutsen dutsen Campo Calatrava aiki ne na tsaunin tsaunin dutse wanda ke da nasaba da hawan tsaunin Betic da kawar da farantan Eurasia da na Afirka. Ya fara ne da fashewar dutsen Morrón de Villamayor de Calatrava shekaru miliyan 8,5 da suka gabata. Fashewarta ta ƙarshe ta faru a dutsen Columba shekaru 5500 da suka gabata.

La Arzollosa, Piedrabuena (Ciudad Real)

Yana iya kasancewa tsakanin shekaru takwas zuwa miliyan kuma yana cikin abin da a baya ake kira "yankin tsaunukan tsaunuka." Piedrabuena, mai alaƙa da fissures (La Chaparra, Colada de La Cruz da La Arzollosa) waɗanda suka haifar da mahimman abubuwan da ke faruwa a cikin dutsen. Maɓallan wutar dutsen yana da tsayin mita 100 kuma ya ƙunshi galibin gurɓataccen ɓarna. Dutsen yana buɗewa zuwa kudu maso yamma, a zahiri, dangane da halayen rauninsa, babban abin da ke cikin wannan dutsen mai aman wuta shine fashewar da ta gina shi kuma ya samar da mafi mahimmancin filin kwararar Pajojo a Tsibirin Iberian.

San Juanma, La Palma

volcanoes a Spain

Tana cikin unguwar Las Manchas na El Paso, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, La Palma. Ya barke a ranar 24 ga Yuni, 1949, inda ya lalata filayen da gidaje bayan lava ta wuce. Sakamakon wannan fashewa shine Cueva de las Palomas, kwanan nan aka sake masa suna Todoque volcanic tube. Sha'awarsa ta kimiyya tana da mahimmancin ilimin ƙasa kuma mahimmancin ilimin halittar sa ya ƙaru saboda fauna ta musamman.

Enmedio, dutsen mai aman wuta a ƙarƙashin ruwa tsakanin Tenerife da Gran Canaria

Wani kato ne mai kusan kusan kilomita uku a kasa, kuma a halin yanzu babu wani aikin fashewa. A mita 500 kudu maso yamma na babban ginin dutsen Enmedio, akwai mazhabobi biyu, wanda tsayinsa bai wuce mita 100 daga teku ba. Jirgin Meteor na teku na Jamusanci ya gano wanzuwar wannan dutsen mai fitad da wuta a ƙarshen shekarun 1980, kodayake jirgin IEO na Hespérides ne ya fara zana shi a ƙarshen shekarun 1990. Hanyoyin tuddan wannan dutsen mai aman wuta sun shahara sosai, juyawa kusa da kasan dutsen mai aman wuta.

Hakanan yakamata a sani cewa ɗaya daga cikin mazugi guda biyu masu tsayi kusan mita 100 waɗanda ke kusa da dutsen Enmedio, wanda ɓacin rai ya raba su, an sani. Dutsen dutsen Enmedio yana kusa da Tenerife fiye da Gran Canaria. Musamman, Tana kusa da kilomita 25 daga hasumiyar Abona da kilomita 36 daga tashar jiragen ruwa na La Aldea de San Nicolás de Tolentino.

Pico Viejo, Tsibirin Tenerife

Pico viejo (mita 3.100) dutse ne da ke cikin Tenerife wanda, tare da Dutsen Teide, Su ne kawai tsaunuka guda biyu a Tsibirin Canary tare da tsayin sama da mita 3.000. Tana da dutsen mita 800 a diamita da matsakaicin zurfin mita 225, ya kasance tafkin lava mai ban sha'awa. A Tsakiyar Tsakiya (1798), Pico Viejo ya fara aiki, yana haifar da fashewar tarihi na Tenerife, wanda ya faru a cikin wurin shakatawa. Ya kori kayan wuta a cikin watanni uku, inda ya samar da iska tara, wanda ya haifar da baƙar fata ya zube ko'ina cikin kudancin Caldera de Las Cañadas. Wannan jerin tsararrakin da aka shirya a hankali ana kiranta Narices del Teide. Yana daga cikin yanayin yanayin Teide National Park kuma ana kiranta da sunan Montania Cha Hora.

Hakanan filin sararin samaniya ne mai kariya kuma yana cikin abin tunawa na halitta wanda ya ƙunshi ƙungiyar Teide-Pico Viejo na masu aman wuta. Kafarsa ya fara kimanin shekaru 200.000 da suka gabata a tsakiyar tsibirin. Ya kamata a lura cewa magma yana da sauƙi hawa kan tsibirin a yanzu, kuma saboda ana ɗaukar wannan dutsen ɗaya daga cikin ramuka masu ban sha'awa a Tsibirin Canary, saboda sifofi daban -daban sune samfuran juyin halittarsa.

Los Ajaches, Lanzarote

iri na dutsen mai fitad da wuta

Los Ajaches babban dutse ne mai aman wuta wanda ya mamaye kudancin tsibirin. Akwai makirci a yankin leeward da wani dutse mai duwatsu a gefen iska. Wannan muhimmin yanki na kayan tarihi na archaeological yana cikin garin Yaiza, inda muke samun kogo, sassaƙaƙƙun siffofi da wuraren kiwo na dā. Yankin shine mafi tsufa na tsibirin kuma har yanzu yana lalacewa sosai ta hanyar lalata, ramukan da wannan hanya ta halitta ta ratsa cikin shekaru miliyan goma da suka gabata. Los Ajaches yana cikin gandun dajin Timanfaya. Makircin Los Ajaches ya faro daga Punta del Papagayo a kudancin zuwa Playa Quemda a tsakiyar. Sune ragowar dutsen mai aman wuta daga shekaru miliyan 15 da suka gabata. Rushewar tekun ya lalata mafi yawan filayen mita 600 mai kauri. Fashewa ta ƙarshe shine shekaru miliyan 3 da suka gabata.

Alto de la Guajara, Tsibirin Tenerife

Tare da mita 2.717 sama da matakin teku, ita ce ta uku mafi girman dutsen mai aman wuta a Tsibirin Canary. An kafa shi shekaru miliyan 3 da suka gabata. Gandun dajin Teide ya kasance mai dacewa da gandun dajin na Volcanoes na Hawaii; wannan yafi saboda gaskiyar cewa kowannensu yana wakiltar irin wannan tsibiri (Hawaii) da ƙarin tsari da rarrabewa (Ted) na magma da ƙarancin fasalin dutsen mai fitad da wuta. Daga hangen nesa, Teide National Park yana da halaye iri ɗaya da Grand Canyon National Park (Arizona, Amurka).

Santa Margarida, Girona

A cikin garin Olot a Girona, mun gano dutsen dutsen Santa Margarida. Ta bayyanar, ba ta da alaƙa da na baya. Abu mafi ban mamaki shine cewa akwai ramuka a cikin ramin.

Croscat, Girona

A cikin yankin La Garrocha shine wannan dutsen mai aman wuta na Strombolian. Musamman, yana cikin Garrotxa Volcanic Belt Natural Park, inda akwai kwarangwal 40 da kwararar ruwa 20 ke gudana. An dauke shi mafi ƙanƙanta, amma yana bacci tunda fashewar ta ƙarshe shine shekaru 11.500 da suka gabata.

Ina fatan cewa tare da wannan bayanin zaku iya ƙarin koyo game da aman wuta a Spain da halayen su.


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