Yini udoti wesikhala

okungenamsoco wesikhala

Imfucumfucu yasemkhathini noma imfucumfucu yasemkhathini inoma yimuphi umshini noma imfucumfucu eshiywe abantu emkhathini. Ingabhekisela ezintweni ezinkulu, njengamasathelayithi afile ahlulekile noma ashiywa e-orbit ekupheleni komsebenzi wawo. Kungase futhi kubhekisele kokuthile okuncane, njengocezu lwemfucumfucu noma ucezu lukapende oluwele kurokhethi. Abantu abaningi abazi yini udoti wesikhala.

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela ukuthi iyini imfucumfucu yesikhala, yiziphi izici zayo nokuthi inamiphi imiphumela.

Yini udoti wesikhala

indawo engcolile

Uma sikhuluma ngomkhathi sivame ukucabanga ngemikhumbi-mkhathi, amasathelayithi namarokhethi, kodwa wake wacabanga ngodoti abawukhiqizayo? Iphelelaphi imfucuza evela kumishini yasemkhathini? Imfucumfucu yasemkhathini yonke imfucumfucu ejikijelwe phezulu yashiywa abantu emkhathini. Le mfucumfucu isuka eMhlabeni futhi ingahluka ngobukhulu, ukusuka ethonsini lamanzi emvula kuya kumthamo wemoto noma ngisho nesathelayithi.

Le mfucumfucu ihamba ngesivinini esiphezulu futhi ihlala emkhathini woMhlaba iminyaka ize ihlakazeke, iqhume, ishayisane nezinye izakhi, noma iwe iphume emzileni.

Kwaze kwaba ngasekupheleni kwawo-1950 lapho abantu baqala khona ukwethula amarokhethi nemikhumbi-mkhathi emkhathini. Ngaleso sikhathi akekho owayezibuza ukuthi kwakuyokwenzekani lapho ukuphila kwabo okuwusizo kuphela.

Njengamanje, kukhona izingcezu nezicucu ezizungeze i-orbit yethu kanye nalezo zamanye amaplanethi ezibeka ingozi kwezokuxhumana kanye nezimishini eziqhubekayo Emhlabeni.

izinhlobo ze-junk yesikhala

I-Spanish European Agency ihlukanisa udoti wesikhala ngezinhlobo ezintathu:

  • umthwalo womsebenzi. Yilezo zingxenye zezinyanga ezisala ngemva kokushayisana noma ngenxa yokuwohloka komzimba ngokuhamba kwesikhathi.
  • Izinsalela zomzimba zemishini edlules futhi kungumphumela wokushayisana noma ukuwohloka ngokuhamba kweminyaka.
  • Izinto ezilahlekile kumishini. Lena indaba yezintambo, amathuluzi, izikulufu, njll.

Ngenxa yobukhulu bemfucumfucu yesikhala, kukhona esinye isigaba:

  • Ilinganisa ngaphansi kuka-1 cm. Kulinganiselwa ukuthi kunenqwaba yezingcezu zalolu hlobo, futhi eziningi zinzima noma azitholakali.
  • Ibanga phakathi kuka-1 no-10 cm. Kungaba noma yikuphi ukusuka kusayizi wemabula kuya kusayizi webhola lethenisi.
  • Ubukhulu bukhulu kuno-10 cm. Kulesi sigaba uzothola izinto namathuluzi alahlekile emisebenzini yangaphambilini, ngisho nezinyanga ezilahlekile nezinqanyuliwe.

Izimbangela zodoti wesikhala

umonakalo odoti wesikhala

Udoti wesikhala uvela ku:

  • Amasathelayithi angasebenzi. Lapho amabhethri ephela noma ehluleka, antanta ngokungenanjongo emkhathini. Ekuqaleni, kwakucatshangwa ukuthi zizobhujiswa lapho kungena kabusha, kodwa ku-orbit ephakeme lokhu kwatholakala kungenakwenzeka.
  • Amathuluzi alahlekile. Ezinye izingxenye zedivayisi zilahlekile esikhaleni. Ngo-2008, usomkhathi uStefanyshyn-Piper washiya ngemuva ibhokisi lamathuluzi. Ngemva konyaka, yahlakazeka ngemva kokuxhumana nomkhathi.
  • Amarokhethi noma izingxenye zamarokhethi
  • Ngawo-1960 kanye nawo-1970, i-United States neSoviet Union bazama izikhali ezilwa nesathelayithi.

Izingozi ezinkulu zivela ezingxenyeni ezincane kakhulu. Ama-Micrometeorite, njengensalela kapende noma amaconsi e-antifreeze eqinile, angalimaza amaphaneli elanga amasathelayithi asebenzayo njengamanje.

Kukhona nezinsalela zikaphethiloli oqiniswe emkhathini, osengozini yokuvutha. Uma lokhu kwenzeka, umphumela uyoba ukusakazeka kokungcola emkhathini.

Amanye amasathelayithi afakwe amabhethri enuzi, aqukethe izinto ezikhipha imisebe enamandla ezingase zingcolise kakhulu iplanethi uma zibuyela eMhlabeni. Noma kunjalo, imfucumfucu eminingi yendawo izobola ngenxa yamazinga okushisa aphezulu ngemva kokungena emkhathini, futhi kuba nzima kakhulu ukuba imfucumfucu ingene emkhathini futhi ibangele umonakalo omkhulu.

Izixazululo ezingenzeka

Isixazululo esiyinhloko akukona ukukhiqiza lolu hlobo lukadoti. Izihlangu ze-Whipple zaqala ukusetshenziswa, zinegobolondo elingaphandle lokuvikela izindonga zomkhumbi ekushayeni.

Ezinye izixazululo:

  • Ukuhluka kwe-Orbit
  • Isathelayithi yokuzilimaza. Kumayelana nokuhlela amasathelayithi ukuze, uma umsebenzi wawo usuqediwe, abhujiswe lapho efika emkhathini.
  • Susa ugesi wesathelayithi ukunciphisa ingozi yokuqhuma.
  • Phinda usebenzise lawo marokhethi abuyele phansi esephelele.
  • Sebenzisa i-laser ukumisa udoti.
  • Imfucumfucu yasemkhathini yaphenduka impahla eqhubekayo

Ngo-2018, umdwebi waseDashi, ngosizo lwe-NASA kanye nokusekelwa kwe-European Space Agency, wayefuna izindlela zokuguqula le mfucumfucu ibe yinto esimeme futhi ibonise ilebhu yemfucumfucu yesikhala.

Imiphumela

Ngokusho kwe-ESA, sekube nezigameko ezingaphezu kuka-560 zemfucumfucu kusukela ngo-1961, eziningi zazo zidalwe ukuqhuma kukaphethiloli okwenzeka ngezigaba zamarokhethi. Ziyisikhombisa kuphela ezenzeke ngenxa yokushayisana okuqondile, okukhulu kunakho konke okugcine ngokucekelwa phansi kwesathelayithi yaseRussia engasekho i-Kosmos 2251 kanye nesathelayithi esebenzayo i-Iridium 33.

Nokho, ingozi enkulu ivela ezingxenyeni ezincane kakhulu. Ama-Micrometeorite, njengama-chips opende noma amaconsi e-antifreeze aqinile, angalimaza ama-solar array amasathelayithi asebenzayo. Enye ingozi enkulu izinsalela zamafutha aqinile, antanta emkhathini futhi avutha kakhulu, akwazi ukudala umonakalo nokusabalalisa ukungcola emkhathini uma kwenzeka kuqhuma.

Amanye amasathelayithi aseRussia aqukethe amabhethri enuzi aqukethe izinto ezikhipha imisebe ezingangcoliswa kakhulu uma ebuyela eMhlabeni. Kunoma ikuphi, udoti omningi wesikhala ongena emkhathini ubhujiswa ukushisa okukhiqizwa ngesikhathi sokuphinda kungene. Ezimweni ezingavamile, izingcezu ezinkulu zingafinyelela phezulu futhi zidale umonakalo omkhulu.

Njengoba ubona, abantu bebelokhu bengcolisa indawo kusukela ekuqaleni kokuhlolwa komkhathi. Asigcini ngokukhiqiza udoti phezu komhlaba, kodwa futhi singcolisa indawo esingakayibusi. Sethemba ukuthi ukuqwashisa kuzokwanda ukuze yonke imisebenzi yasemkhathini ihlanganise amasistimu okubuyisela yonke imfucumfucu.

Ngalolu lwazi uzokwazi ukufunda kabanzi mayelana nemfucumfucu yasemkhathini kanye nemiphumela yayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Cesar kusho

    Tema super interesante…El cual parece que pasa inadvertido por los cientificos espaciales los cuales conocen el peligro para los satelites y naves,pero la solucion a la vista es remota.Las nuevas tecnologias necesarias para el progreso son fuente nociva para la salud humana,animal y en general nuestra madre naturaleza,pero somos ciegos,sordos y mudos,contaminamos los oceanos,suelos,aire y ahora el espacio sin SOLUCION a la vista.¿Cuando aprenderemos a prevenir la contaminacion?…Como afirmo Descartes «PIENSO,LUEGO EXISTO»…Saludo