Kwakhiwa kanjani umgodi omnyama

umgodi omnyama wakhiwa kanjani

Enye yezinto ezisatshwa kakhulu endaweni yonke imbobo emnyama. Kulinganiselwa ukuthi isikhungo somthala wethu sakhiwa umgodi omnyama omkhulu kakhulu. Imayelana nephuzu, amandla adonsela phansi cishe awapheli futhi izama "ukugwinya" konke okusendleleni yayo. Isayensi ifundile umgodi omnyama wakhiwa kanjani futhi yimaphi amathuba okuthi zikhule.

Ngakho-ke, sizonikezela le ndatshana ukukutshela ukuthi umgodi omnyama wakhiwa kanjani nokuthi yiziphi izici zawo.

Izici eziyinhloko

ngaphakathi komgodi omnyama

Le migodi emnyama ayilutho ngaphandle kwezinsalela zezinkanyezi zasendulo ezingasekho. Izinkanyezi zivame ukuba nezinto eziningi nezinhlayiya, ngakho-ke zinamandla amaningi adonsela phansi. Udinga nje ukubona ukuthi ilanga linamaplanethi ayi-8 nezinye izinkanyezi ngokuqhubekayo elizungezayo. Isimiso sonozungezilanga sikhona ngenxa yesisindo selanga. Umhlaba uyakhanga kuwo, kepha lokhu akusho ukuthi sisondela kakhulu elangeni.

Izinkanyezi eziningi ziqeda izimpilo zazo zibe yizinkanyezi ezimhlophe noma izinkanyezi ze-neutron. Izimbobo ezimnyama ziyisigaba sokugcina ekuguqukeni kwalezi zinkanyezi ezinkulu kakhulu kunelanga. Yize abantu becabanga ukuthi ilanga likhulu, kuseseyinkanyezi emaphakathi (noma incane uma iqhathaniswa nezinye izinkanyezi). Yingakho kunezinkanyezi eziphindwe kayishumi nezingu-10 ubukhulu belanga, futhi lapho zingasekho, zizokwakha imbobo emnyama.

Uma kungekho mandla angamisa isenzo samandla adonsela phansi, kuzovela imbobo emnyama, enganciphisa sonke isikhala bese siyicindezela kuze kube yilapho ivolumu yayo ingu-zero. Ngalesi sikhathi, ukuminyana kungathiwa akupheli. Ngamanye amagama, inani lezinto ezingaba kumthamo we-zero alinamkhawulo. Ngakho-ke, amandla adonsela phansi aleyo ndawo emnyama nawo awunamkhawulo. Akukho okungabalekela lokhu kukhanga.

Kulokhu, ngisho nokukhanya okunenkanyezi akunakubalekela amandla adonsela phansi futhi kubhajwe emzileni wayo. Ngalesi sizathu, ubizwa ngokuthi umgodi omnyama, ngoba kulo mthamo wobukhulu obungapheli namandla adonsela phansi, ngisho nokukhanya akukwazi ukukhipha ukukhanya. Yize amandla adonsela phansi engenamkhawulo kuphela lapho kufinyelela khona umthamo we-zero lapho isikhala sisonga khona, le migodi emnyama iheha udaba namandla komunye nomunye.

Kwakhiwa kanjani umgodi omnyama

umgodi omnyama wakha kanjani esikhaleni

Izimbobo ezimnyama zakhiwa izinkanyezi ezinkulu kakhulu kuphela. Lapho bephelelwa uphethiloli ekupheleni kwempilo yabo, bawa ngendlela eyinhlekelele futhi enganqandeki, futhi lapho bewa, bakha umthombo esikhaleni - umgodi omnyama. Uma zingabakhulu kangako, izinto ezizenzayo zingazivikela ekuweni futhi zenze inkanyezi efayo engakhiphi ukukhanya okuncane: inkanyezi emhlophe noma inkanyezi ye-neutron.

Umehluko phakathi kwezimbobo ezimnyama usayizi wazo. Izinkanyezi yilezo ezinesisindo esilingana nelanga kanye nobubanzi bamashumi noma amakhulukhulu amakhilomitha. Labo abanezixuku ezifinyelela ezigidini noma ngisho ezigidini zezikhathi eziphindwe ngobuningi belanga ziyizimbobo ezimnyama eziphakeme kakhulu emnyangweni wemithala.

Kungabuye kube khona izimbobo ezimnyama eziphakathi, amakhulu ezinkulungwane zamasosha elanga, nezimbobo ezimnyama zakuqala ezakhiwe ekuqaleni kwendawo yonke, futhi uquqaba lwazo lungaba lincane kakhulu. Amandla abo adonsela phansi makhulu kangangokuba abakwazi ukuphunyuka ekuheheni kwawo. Uma isibani esisheshayo endaweni yethu yonke singenakucinywa, khona-ke akukho okungavalwa.

Amandla wembobo emnyama

imithala nezinkanyezi

Yize bekulokhu kucatshangwa ukuthi umgodi omnyama uzoheha yonke into ezungezile futhi uyivale, akunjalo. Ukuze iplanethi, ukukhanya nezinye izinto zigwinywe ngumgodi omnyama, kumele usondele kakhulu kuye ukuze ungakhangwa yisikhungo sakhe somsebenzi. Lapho usufike ezingeni lokungabuyeli, ufaka umkhathizwe womcimbi, lapho ungeke ubaleke khona.

Futhi uma sesingene emkhathizwe womcimbi, singanyakaza, kufanele sikwazi ukuhamba ngokushesha kunokukhanya. Usayizi womgodi omnyama mncane kakhulu. Imbobo emnyama, njengaleyo etholakala ezikhungweni zeminye imithala, ine-radius efinyelela kumakhilomitha ayizigidi ezi-3. Kunamalanga angaphezulu kwamane afana nelethu. Uma imbobo emnyama inesisindo esifanayo nelanga lethu, ububanzi bayo bungamakhilomitha ama-4 kuphela. Njengenjwayelo, lezi zikhala zingasabisa, kepha konke endaweni yonke.

Kumele kugcizelelwe ukuthi imbobo emnyama ingabamba yonke into nesikhathi sesikhala uqobo kuyo. Ayigcini ngokuthola ukukhanya kuphela, kepha iyisikhungo esinendawo enamandla adonsela phansi kangangokuba ingaqinisa konke esikushoyo. Umgodi ngokwawo umnyama bhuqe futhi awunazici. Kuze kube manje, abakwazanga ukubuyela emakhaya ngenxa yomthelela omkhulu ababa nawo endaweni yabo. Bayaziwa nangamandla amakhulu abawakhiphayo.

Yingakho ukuvezwa kokuqala komgodi omnyama kungenxa yokusetshenziswa kwenethiwekhi yezibuko. La ma-radioscopes angakwazi ukukala imisebe evela esikhaleni. Akusikhombisi endaweni yonke njengesibonakude. Ukuthola ngqo izimbobo ezimbili ezimnyama, kusetshenziswe i-fluoroscope. Esinye sazo umgodi omnyama omkhulu kakhulu maphakathi nomthala wethu.

Ukuvela komgodi omnyama

Ngoba mancane futhi amnyama, asikwazi ukuwabona ngqo. Ngenxa yalokhu, ososayensi sekuyisikhathi eside besola ukuthi ukhona. Into eyaziwa ukuthi ikhona kepha ayikwazi ukubonwa ngqo. Ukubona imbobo emnyama kufanele ulinganise ubukhulu bendawo yesikhala bese ubheka izifunda ezinesisindo esikhulu sobumnyama.

Kunezimbobo eziningi ezimnyama ezinhlelweni zezinkanyezi kanambambili. Baheha inqwaba yezinkanyezi ezivela ezinkanyezini ezizungezile. Lapho iheha lezi zimfanelo, ubukhulu bayo buyakhula futhi buba bukhulu. Ngelinye ilanga, inkanyezi engumngane lapho kuvela khona isisindo izonyamalala ngokuphelele.

Njengoba ukwazi ukubona, enye yezinto ezifundwe kakhulu endaweni yonke ukuthi umgodi omnyama wakha kanjani. Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi ngokuthi imbobo emnyama yakhiwa kanjani nokuthi yiziphi izici zayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.