Umfutho we-Angular

umfutho emincane

Ku-physics, umfutho ufundwa njenge- umfutho emincane. Leli nani lokunyakaza kwe-angular lisetshenziselwa ukunyakaza kokujikeleza, okwenza umfutho ungowokunyakaza kokuhumusha. Umfutho we-angular ubungako be-vector obonakala kakhulu ngokushintshana kwenhlayiyana ngendlela yokugcina isikhathi noma into enwetshwe izungeze i-eksisi edlula iphuzu.

Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela konke odinga ukukwazi mayelana nomfutho we-angular wokusebenziseka kwawo ku-physics.

Yini umfutho we-angular

umfutho we-angular uphenya phezulu

Lapho sizama ukuyibala entweni ethile etholakala ukunyakaza okuzungeze i-eksisi ngaso sonke isikhathi kuyadingeka ukucacisa i-eksisi yokujikeleza kahle. Sizoqala ukukala ngephuzu le-mass m, umfutho we-angular ubhalwe yisifinyezo uL. Umfutho oqondile ngu-p kanye nesimo se-particle maqondana ne-eksisi edlula endaweni ethile O ngu-r.

Le yindlela esibalwe ngayo ngale ndlela elandelayo: L = rxp

Isiphenduli esivela kumkhiqizo we-vector sicashile endizeni eyenziwe ngamathwala abamba iqhaza. Lokhu kusho ukuthi isiqondiso umuzwa ongatholwa umthetho wesandla sokudla womkhiqizo wesiphambano. Umfutho we-Angular ulinganiswa ngamayunithi we-kg ngemitha eyisikwele / ngomzuzwana. Lokhu kukalwa ngokuya ngohlelo lwamazwe ngamazwe lwamayunithi futhi alunawo amagama akhethekile.

Le ncazelo yomfutho we-angular yenza umqondo omkhulu ngemizimba eyakhiwe izinhlayiya eziningi.

Inani lokunyakaza kwe-angular

i-skater spins

Sisebenzisa umfutho we-angular wenhlayiya yephuzu ukuveza isimo sokuzungeza kwephoyinti noma komzimba ongelashwa kanjalo. Khumbula ukuthi lokhu kwenzeka lapho ubukhulu bomzimba bungabalulekile uma kuqhathaniswa nomkhondo wokuhamba kwawo. Ngokuphathelene namaveector of the angular umfutho maqondana nephuzu elinikeziwe kanye nomfutho oqondile wenhlayiya yephuzu ethi ihamba njengoba isiyingi kungumfutho we-angular.

Mayelana nenhlayiya ehamba kumjikelezo, i-engela ingu-90 degrees. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi isivinini somfutho we-angular sihlala sishintshele esiyingini ngakho-ke siqondana ngqo nobubanzi.

Uma sikhuluma ngomfutho we-angular, siphinde sikhulume ngomzuzu we-inertia. Lokhu akuyona into edlula lokho okuchazwa nini umzimba oqinile une-inertia yomzimba wayo ngokumelene nokujikeleza nxazonke kwe-eksisi ethile. Lo mzuzu we-inertia awuxhomekile kuphela ebunzimeni bomzimba, kodwa futhi nakubanga ukusuka emzimbeni uqobo kuya ku-axis yokujikeleza. Lokhu kungaqondakala kalula uma sicabanga ukuthi, kwezinye izinto, kulula ukuzungeza maqondana nezinye kwi-eksisi efanayo. Lokhu kuncike ekwakhekeni nasekwakhiweni kwento uqobo lwayo.

Ngokwesistimu yezinhlayiyana umzuzu we-inertia ukhonjiswe ngohlamvu I futhi ubalwa ngefomula elandelayo:

Mina = ∑ ri2 .Mi

Lapha sinokuthi idume kakhulu nge-m yingxenye encane yesisindo futhi i-r ibanga umzimba onalo maqondana ne-axis yokujikeleza. Umzimba uzonwetshwa ngokugcwele futhi wakhiwe yizinhlayiya eziningi, yingakho isikhathi esiphelele se-inertia yisamba sayo yonke imikhiqizo phakathi kwesisindo nebanga. Kuya ngejiyomethri abanayo, ukufingqwa kuyashintsha futhi kusuka kokuhlanganisiwe kuye kokwehluka. Umqondo wesikhathi se-inertia uhlobene kakhulu nomfutho we-angular wento noma unwetshwe ngokuphelele.

Isikhathi se-Angular sohlelo lwezinhlayiya

amakati awa ezinyaweni zawo

Sizocubungula uhlelo lwezinhlayiya olwakhiwe ngobuningi obuhlukile futhi oluzungeza ngokulandela umjikelezo owodwa ngasikhathi sinye endizeni ye-xy, ngayinye inejubane lomugqa elihlobene nejubane le-angular. Ngale ndlela, ingqikithi yohlelo ingabalwa futhi inikezwe ngesamba esilandelayo:

L = ω ∑ ri2 .Mi

Umzimba oweluliwe ingahlukaniswa ibe izingcezu ngasinye ngomfutho ohlukile we-angular. Uma i-eksisi yokulinganisa kwento okukhulunywa ngayo ihlangana ne-z eksisi akunankinga. Futhi lokhu kungenxa yokuthi kunamaphoyinti angekho endizeni ye-xy, ngakho-ke izingxenye eziyakhelayo futhi ezibheke ngqo kuleyo eksisi ziyasulwa.

Ake sibone manje ukuthi kuhluka kanjani. Imvamisa, lapho amandla enetha eza ezolwa nomzimba noma inhlayiya, umfutho walokhu kungashintsha. Ngenxa yalokho, kanjalo nomfutho we-angular.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, ukongiwa kwemvelo kwenzeka lapho kuhluka ngemitha ye-torque ekhona. Uma lelo torque liyi-zero, umfutho we-angular ugcinwa njalo. Lo mphumela usasebenza noma ngabe umzimba awuqinile ngokuphelele.

Izibonelo zomfutho we-angular

Konke lokhu kube yithiyori eningi futhi akunakuqondakala kahle ngaphandle kwezibonelo ezingokoqobo. Ake sibheke izibonelo ezisebenzayo zomfutho we-angular. Kowokuqala sine-skating skating neminye imidlalo lapho kukhona khona ukuphenduka. Lapho i-skater iqala ukujika, welula izingalo zakhe bese esinciphisa emzimbeni wethu ukuze siwele imilenze yakhe. Lokhu kwenziwa ukukhulisa ijubane lokujika. Noma nini lapho umzimba ushukuma njalo, uyavumelana. Ngenxa yalokhu kuncipha ingakhuphula ijubane layo lokujikeleza. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi iqiniso lokuthi uyakwazi ukuthola izingalo nemilenze libuye linciphise isikhathi se-inertia. Njengoba umfutho we-angular ulondoloziwe, i-angular velocity iyanda.

Esinye isibonelo ukuthi kungani amakati ahlala ezinyaweni zawo. Yize ingenayo inani lokuqala lokuhamba, iyaqinisekisa ukuthi isho ngokushesha yomibili imilenze nomsila ukuze ikwazi ukushintsha inertia yayo yokujikeleza futhi ikwazi ukuwa onyaweni. Ngenkathi beqhuba lelo phuzu, umfutho wabo we-angular awunalutho ngoba ukujikeleza kwabo akuqhubeki.

Ngiyethemba ukuthi ngalolu lwazi ungafunda kabanzi ngalo.


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.